Western Cover Society  
Exhibits | Western Express Usages of Ten Cent Stamps
And Entires
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Western Express Usages of Ten Cent Stamps And Entires
The private express companies operating on the West coast were the pioneers in the rapid transport of mails in the period before the completion of the trans-continental rail road in 1869. This exhibit is limited to private mail usages of the ten cent stamps and ten cent postal entires between 1855 and 1862. The usage of ten cent stamps and entires was very limited because the domestic postal rates in effect only required ten cent rates for letters sent over 3,000 miles and for some foreign rates. Private mails were required to be enclosed in government stamped entires.

This exhibit is organized into three main categories of express usages that entailed the use of ten cent rate as listed below. Included are four rare examples used to foreign destinations and six examples that were carried entirely outside of the mails. The local post to the mails usage shown below is not strictly an express usage, but was carried privately.
  1. The Trans-Continental Expresses. This group of expresses carried mail in closed bags from California to the East using steamers from San Francisco, via Panama, to New York.
  2. The California Expresses. This group operated between the mining areas of California and the nearest post office. Some operated in conjunction with Wells Fargo to provide Trans-Continental service privately.
  3. The Pony Express. This express was operated by Central Overland California & Pikes Peak Express Company as a private operation before becoming a contract mail service of Wells Fargo in 1861.
 
San Francisco City Letter Express - a local post usage to the mails of San Francisco.
San Francisco City Letter Express - A local post usage to the mails of San Francisco.
 
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  Trans-Continental Expresses
Wells Fargo & Co.
Trans-Continental Expresses - Wells Fargo & Co.
Trans-Continental Expresses - Salmon River & Nez Perces Express
Trans-Continental Expresses - F.W. Blake's Express
Trans-Continental Expresses - G. H. Wines & Co's Express
Trans-Continental Expresses - Pacific Express Co.
Trans-Continental Expresses - Freeman & Co's Express
California Expresses - Whiting & Co's Feather River Express
California Expresses - Langton's Pioneer Express
California Expresses - Copley & Co's Miners' Express / Francis & Co. Express
California Expresses - Everts Wilson & Co. Daily Express
California Expresses - Pioneer Express / Swift & Co. Express
Pony Express - Central Overland California & Pikes Peak Express
Pony Express - Wells Fargo & Co. Control
Pony Express - Postal Route, Operated By Wells Fargo & Co.

(Large File) All In One Page (Large File)

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  Trans-Continental Expresses
Wells Fargo & Co.

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