The claim to the 1st Express in Calif. is made for C. L. Cady who announced a weekly service between S. Fr and Suller’s Fort in the CALIFORNIAN July 24, 1847, but it was short lived Soule’s Stat. Ms. 4. The first regular express is said to have been started by Ballou [Aavent Ms 1] for the southern mines, late in 1849, but Alex H. Todd shows in his Stat., in Miseel Stat Ms 21.8 that he began the business in July 1849 by regestering miners’ names at $1.00 each, and going down to S. Fr. for their mail and charging as much as $4.00 for delivering letters or papers in the southern camps. (?)
T. R. Hawley (# 80) claims the first organized express, advertised in Oct. 1849 as Wold & Co (# 198) and changed some time after to Hawley & Co which combined (?) Dec. 1850 [Alta Cal. July 10, 1866]
Ballou writes that after himself about Dec. 1849 Upman, formerly a messenger for Harden, the pioneer express man of the U.S., started a line between Sacramento & S Fr. Both were absorbed by Adams & Co whose manger D. H. Haskell had arrived on Oct 31st to found a branch house
In the winter of 48 the rush began from the States, to Panama, and in the spring (???) the plains. It is estimated that 80,000 men reached the coast in 1849 about half of men coming overland, three fourths were Americans. There was no home life in California. In 1850 women numbered 8% of the population, but only 2% in the mining counties. The miners were an (???), (???), wandering, abnomally (???) body of men. Thousands would flock on unfounded rumors to new and distant (???) where many perish from disease and starvation The rest roaming in rags and poverty. Some were the (???) River fever of 1855 and the greater Fraser River rush of 1858 The (???) which took perhaps 20,000 men out of the State. Many (???) (???) cost one half of then population and since (???), all their population and it presipatated a real estate crash in San Fr that threatened temporary ruin.
The decade 1850 – 60 was also marked by the (???) (???) against Sonora and C.A.
The overland immigration from the U.S. began only about 1840
E. G. Buffum’s Six months in the gold mines London 1850
J. T. Brooks Four Months among the Gold Finders London 1849
G. G. Foster, Gold Regions of Califa N.Y. 1884
The name California was taken from Ordonez de Montalvo’s romance of (???) Las sergas de Esplandian Madrid 1510
The (???) Colorado River was discovered in 1540
1602 – 3 Sebastian Vincains discovered the sites of San Diego & Monterey
1769 San Fr. Bay was discovered
Between 1769 & 1823 20 (???) were (???) (?) (???) Jose Sarra