Western Expresses | G

Submitted by: The Red Cloud Collection

Western Expresses | G 2021-07-29T02:48:12+00:00

Western Expresses | G

Western Expresses Alphabetically

Western Expresses

Garland’s Express – 1868

Richard E. Garland was the proprietor of Garland’s Express, having superseded Whiting & Co.’s Express. Garland’s first ad appeared in the Feb 15, 1868 issue of the Quincy Union, noting that his route ran from Oroville to Meadow Valley, Spanish Ranch, Quincy, Taylorville, Crescent Mills & Indian Valley. He connected at Oroville with Wells, Fargo & Co. Garland’s final ad appeared in the May 16, 1868 issue of the Quincy Union, just three days after Wells, Fargo & Co. announced the opening of their Quincy office, with additional offices opened throughout Plumas County.

Garland's Express PAID in their franked envelope to Quincy, Long Valley, Beckwourth Road

By Garland’s Express PAID in their franked envelope to Quincy, Long Valley, Beckwourth Road. Pencil notation on verso March 2d, 1868 (letter no longer present). Beckwourth Road went through Beckwourth Pass, the lowest summit of the High Sierras, making it a favorite route of wagon trains and expressmen. The only reported used example from this express company.

Garland's Express from Oroville to Meadow Valley

Feb 15, 1868 Quincy Union

Western Expresses

Gibbs Express – 1854 to early, 1855 & early 1859 to Apr, 1860

William T. Gibbs first advertised his express in the Oct 19, 1854 (first issue) of the Georgetown News, noting that he served the mines in the vicinity of Georgetown. The last reference to his first attempt in the express business was on Feb 22, 1855. The Placerville Mountain Democrat of Feb 12, 1859 announcing his second attempt in the express business, with Theo. F. Tracy, at the office of Wells, Fargo & Co., his agent in Placerville. An article of Mar 5, 1859 noted that prepaid envelopes were available for 12½¢.   Gibbs’ final ad appeared in the Apr 14, 1860 issue of the Placerville Mountain Democrat, after which it is assumed he ceased operating his express.

Wm T. Gibbs Express PAID from Spanish Flat to Placerville

By Wm T. Gibbs Express PAID from Spanish Flat to Placerville; with Spanish Flat Cal. circular handstamp being a Gibbs agent’s marking; by Wells Fargo & Co Express Placerville with Nov 1 straight line from Placerville to San Francisco.

William T. Gibbs newspaper agent
New Advertisements News

Oct 19, 1854 (left) and Nov 2, 1854 (above) Georgetown News

Western Expresses

Gibbs Express – 1854 to early, 1855 & early 1859 to Apr, 1860

Wm T. Gibbs Express PAID from Georgetown to Placerville

By Wm T. Gibbs Express PAID from Georgetown to Placerville, with political enclosure datelined Georgetown Nov 6th, 1859 transcribed, in part, below. The act of Aug 31, 1852 required payment of government postage on private conveyance.

Datelined Georgetown Nov 6th, 1859
…I am placed under obligations to you, as others of the Central Committee, for the manifestations of your choice for a representative…My opinions on some subjects are well known, first a more perfect system of common schools one that will insure an English education to all, next a Central Rail Road, as my preference, and state and in making a good road from our county seat to Carson Valley, or the state line, it would be my pride to lend my hand to every healthy measure, for the good of the state and El Dorado County, and cooperate with the democracy in all political matters, even so far as to agree to support the nominee of the Charleston Convention, believing as I do that the wisdom of the Nation will be able to heal any real divisions, and all cause for complaint, and save the Union of the States…Very respectfully,
A.D. Rock

Western Expresses

Gilbert & Hedges Express – Sep, 1855 to Mar, 1856

Gilbert & Hedges Express operated along the west coast of California from San Francisco south to San Diego, stopping at points in between, and connecting with G. H. Wines & Co. in San Francisco. The Sep 29, 1855 issue of the San Francisco Herald contained their first ad. Advertisements for Gilbert & Hedges Express ceased in the California papers in Feb & Mar, 1856, likely coincident with the end of their business.

Gilbert Hedger Express San Diego

By Gilbert & Hedges Express San Diego to San Francisco; exchanged with G. H. Wines & Co. with their Collect fancy handstamp for delivery within San Francisco to “Front St”. One of only four known covers from this express (one of which is in the Wiltsee collection) and the only one from San Diego.

New Express Co.

The Los Angeles Star issue dated Oct 20, 1855 contained both an announcement for the formation of Gilbert & Hedges Express and an advertisement noting their connection with G. H. Wines & Co.

Gilbert Hedges Southern Coast Express

Western Expresses

Gillpatrick’s Express – Sep, 1874 to Feb, 1878

The Antioch Wharf Building, with a sign for Gillpatrick's Express

The Antioch Wharf Building, with a sign for Gillpatrick’s Express

Isaiah W. Gillpatrick advertised that he would run a daily express service through the use of the Steamer Parthenius. The express provided a service from San Francisco and the river ports of Vallejo, Benicia, Martinez, Black Diamond Landing, Pittsburg Landing, and Antioch. He also connected inland to the coal mining towns of Somersville, Nortonville, and Clayton, CA.

Gillpatrick's Express in their Type 2 printed frank envelope to San Francisco
By Gillpatrick’s Express in their Type 2 printed frank envelope to San Francisco; by post office from San Francisco Cal. Jan 28 to Jackson, Cal.
The earliest known ad for Gillpatrick’s Express is shown below, taken from the Sep 26, 1874 Sacramento Daily Union; the latest found is from Feb 19, 1878
Earliest known ad for Gillpatrick's Express - Sep 26, 1874 Sacramento Daily Union

Western Expresses

Grays California Express – 1850 to 1851

Very little is known about “Gray’s Cal Express”, other than it operated between San Francisco and Sacramento in the 1850-1851 period. Only five covers are known to survive from this early express: two examples having a manuscript 1.10 (express fee of $1.00 plus 10¢ US postage due), one example with a 2.00 manuscript, and the example below with no rate indicated.

Gray's Cal Express from San Francisco to Sacramento City

By Gray’s Cal Express from San Francisco to Sacramento City; by post office to Mr. Sanger with Sacramento Cal 15 July postmark. Mailed in 1851, based on known examples of Sacramento postmarks.

Lithograph of Sacramento in 1850

Lithograph of Sacramento in 1850

Western Expresses

Greathouse & Slicer – Oct, 1855 to Nov, 1857

George and Ridgely Greathouse partnered with Hugh Slicer in late 1855 to form Greathouse & Slicer’s Express. Their route extended from Yreka to Shasta, where they connected with Wells Fargo. Greathouse & Slicer’s Express was in existence for approximately two years, commencing on Oct 1, 1855 and ending when Slicer left the partnership in Nov, 1857.

Greathouse & Slicer Yreka Connecting with Wells Fargo & Co from Yreka to Shasta

By Greathouse & Slicer Yreka Connecting with Wells Fargo & Co from Yreka to Shasta; exchanged with Wells Fargo & Company at Shasta for delivery to San Francisco.

Agency of Wells Fargo & Co. Express

Sep 29, 1855 Yreka Union

Western Expresses

Greene’s Copper City Express – Apr, 1864 to Aug, 1865

Thomas J. Greene was the proprietor of Greene’s Copper City Express, which ran from Shasta to Copper City. An ad first appeared in the Apr 14, 1864 issue of the Red Bluff Independent, noting that “Greene’s or Schuch’s [Schoch’s] Copper City Express” ran daily. The next issue (Apr 18) mentioned only Greene. The Red Bluff Independent ran ads for Greene’s Express through Oct 3, 1864. Thereafter, Watkins’ Express ads noted connection with Greene’s Copper City Express “at Runnels’, exchanging passengers and express matter.” Watkins’ ads last showed the connection with Greene’s on Aug 28, 1865, after which time Greene is assumed to have ceased operating.

Greene's Copper City Express from Copper City to Shasta

By Greene’s Copper City Express from Copper City to Shasta; by post office from Shasta Cal May 27 (1864 or 1865) to Weaverville. One of only two reported examples from this express, the other being in the Wiltsee collection.

Greenes or Schuchs Copper City Express will leave Shasta for Cooper City Every Day

.

Greeners Copper City Express will leave Shasta for Copper City every day
Watkins Express and passenger line between Red Bluff and Shasta

Red Bluff Independent ads: Apr 14, 1864 (upper left), Apr 18, 1864 (left), and Aug 28, 1865 (above)

Western Expresses

Greenhood & Newbauer – Sep, 1858 to Aug, 1867

Herman Greenhood and Joseph Newbauer were in the retail and banking business prior to purchasing W. F. Rowe’s Express in Sep, 1858. Based out of Weaverville, they connected with Wells Fargo at Shasta, as well as with numerous other small feeder expresses into Weaverville, allowing them to monopolize the express business in Trinity County. Greenhood & Newbauer’s banking operation failed in Aug, 1867 taking the express operation with it. Greenhood & Newbauer’s Express was succeeded by Tinnin & Owens Express.

Greenhood & Newbauer Express Weaverville, Cal with manuscript May 24 applied at Weaverville

By Greenhood & Newbauer Express Weaverville, Cal with manuscript May 24 applied at Weaverville; likely exchanged with Wells Fargo at Marysville for delivery to San Francisco.

Greenhood & Newbauer Express Weaverville, Cal with manuscript 5 applied at Weaverville

By Greenhood & Newbauer Express Weaverville, Cal with manuscript 5 applied at Weaverville. Spelling error in frank of Newbaner.

Western Expresses

Greenhood & Newbauer – Sep, 1858 to Aug, 1867

Greenhood & Newbauer, Northern Express, Weaverville, California from Weaverville to Marysville

By Greenhood & Newbauer, Northern Express, Weaverville, California from Weaverville to Shasta; by Wells, Fargo & Co. from Shasta to Sacramento City by Wells Fargo. Enclosed political letter datelined Weaverville, May 28th, 60 transcribed, in part, as follows: …I have now been at home some two weeks or more, and begin to realize the fact that I am again one of the simple sovereigns being of course virtually divested of the Legislative toga.… Judge Miller and Pitzer had a passage at arms one day last week: the lie passed, and Miller pitched into Pitzer with his cane, after a few blows they were separated – cause: Judge Miller charging Pitzer with double dealing in the last election…A. C. Lawrence

Greenhood & Newbauers Weaverville and Shasta Express

Weaverville Trinity Journal earliest ad Oct 2, 1858, showing their connection at Shasta with Wells, Fargo & Co.

Western Expresses

Green’s Express – 1853 to 1855

Jerry A. Green operated his express from Nevada City and Grass Valley, serving the mining camps between and around the two cities.

Green's Express to Nevada City

By Green’s Express to Nevada City; by post office from Nevada City, Cal. 5 Jul 28 integral rate postmark for carriage to Plymouth Hollow Connecticut. The prepaid rate of 6¢ for distances >3000 miles was in effect from Jul 1, 1851 to Apr 1, 1855. One of only six known examples of any Green’s Express cover, two of the others residing in the Wiltsee collection. John William’s California Postmarks indicates a range of dates of use for this Nevada City marking from Feb 20, 1853 to Mar 21, 1855, dating this cover to either 1853 or 1854.

Green & Co.'s Express

Only article found thus far referencing Green Co.’s Express, under news from “Omega” in the Dec 21, 1855 Nevada Journal

Western Expresses

Gregory’s Express – Feb, 1850 to May 1, 1853

Joseph W. Gregory was the sole proprietor of Gregory’s Express throughout the life of its operation. His first advertisement appeared in the Feb 26, 1850 issue of the San Francisco Pacific News. He initially operated as a “valley express” operating between Sacramento and San Francisco. Realizing he needed to expand, he set up connections with the expresses of Hunter’s, Hoffman & Little’s, Camp & Co.’s, Hubbs & Co.’s, Reynolds & Co.’s, and Taylor’s, in addition to continuing to open offices of his own. Gregory’s insistence in running things by himself became his downfall, as he could not keep up with the growth. By mid 1852, his advertisements became less frequent. Numerous agents were quitting or starting businesses of their own (e.g., Frank Rumrill). In Aug, 1852, his New York agents, Thompson & Hitchcock, refused to honor his drafts. The inevitable finally came on May 1, 1853 when J. W. Gregory departed for New York on the steamer Pacific, having closed out his California express business.

Gregory's Express New York & California from Marysville to San Francisco

By Gregory’s Express New York & California from Marysville to San Francisco. Folded business letter datelined Marysville Sept 3rd, 1851 desiring the “widest zink in the market” for a roofing project.

California Express Officer of Gregory Express

First Gregory’s ad in a California newspaper: San Francisco Weekly Pacific News Mar 1, 1850

Western Expresses

Gregory’s Express – Feb, 1850 to May 1, 1853

By Gregory’s Express Marysville with Not Paid in oval to San Francisco.

By Gregory’s Express Marysville with Not Paid in oval to San Francisco. Originally noted as “Paid” in manuscript, it was overstamped “Not Paid.”

Gregory Atlantic and Pacific Express, Aug 28, 1852

Aug 28, 1852 Marysville Herald ad for Gregory’s Atlantic and Pacific Express, showing “F. Rumrill, Agent”

Western Expresses

Gregory’s Express – Feb, 1850 to May 1, 1853

Gregory's Express San Francisco Office with Paid in oval to New York. Out of San Francisco
By Gregory’s Express San Francisco Office with Paid in oval to New York. Out of San Francisco Per Gold Hunter steamer. The Gold Hunter was an independent steamship that made numerous trips out of San Francisco to Astoria and two to San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua…but only one to Panama when she left San Francisco on Mar 22, 1851 and arrived Panama May 4. The Gold Hunter was sold to the US Government in 1852 and became the Active of the Coast and Geodetic Survey.
  • Per Gold Hunter, depart San Francisco Mar 22, 1851; arrive Panama May 4
  • Probably about six days transit across the isthmus
  • Next steamer from Chagres was USMSC Empire City; depart May 24; arrive NY Jun 3, 1851
Only known photograph of the Gold Hunter

Only known photograph of the Gold Hunter, when it was the US Coast and Geodetic Survey steamer Active (1852)

Western Expresses

Gregory’s Express – Feb, 1850 to May 1, 1853

Gregory's Express with PAID from Shasta to San Francisco

By Gregory’s Express with PAID oval on folded business letter datelined Sacramento Jan 29th 1851 to San Francisco.

By Gregory’s Express with Not PAID oval

By Gregory’s Express with NOT PAID oval on folded business letter datelined Sacramento City July 17th 1851 to San Francisco.

Western Expresses

Gregory’s Express – Feb, 1850 to May 1, 1853

Gregory's Express Trinidad with Not Paid to San Francisco

By Gregory’s Express Trinidad with Not Paid to San Francisco on folded letter datelined July 24th, 1851 transcribed, in part, below.

Dateline July 24th, 1851
…Let Democrats vote for Whig candidates if they will, but have it pretty well understood that Whigs vote for Whigs. You will readily see that we are in no way to remit you any of the “Sinews of War.” Indian difficulties have engrossed public attention to such an extent that ordinary questions are not thought of…Walter van Dyke
Sacramento Daily Union advertisement from Jun 12, 1851

Sacramento Daily Union advertisement from Jun 12, 1851 listing Gregory’s agents in Trinidad as “Gifford & Linsley”

Western Expresses Alphabetically