Western Expresses | H

Submitted by: The Red Cloud Collection

Western Expresses | H 2017-11-02T13:51:27+00:00

Western Expresses | H

Western Expresses Alphabetically

Western Expresses

Hall & Allen’s Express – 1858 to 1859

The firm of Hall & Allen were agents of Wells Fargo in Auburn, Dutch Flat, and Todd’s Valley around the period 1858-1859. Hall & Allen functioned as Wells Fargo’s agents in Dutch Flat, but were also allowed to operate their own express, just as Greathouse & Slicer, F. W. Blake, and Frank Rumrill were allowed to do.

Hall & Allen's Dutch Flat Express from the mining region around Dutch Flat

By Hall & Allen’s Dutch Flat Express from the mining region around Dutch Flat; connecting with Wells, Fargo & Company in Dutch Flat for delivery to San Francisco. Dutch Flat was east of Nevada City, with the general mining area shown in the map below. One of four known examples from this short-lived express.

Map of the Dutch Flat, Gold Run - Little York & You Bet Mining District

Western Expresses

Hammond & Wilson’s Express – 1874

Nelson Hammond had served as a Wells, Fargo & Co. agent in California, and upon the completion of the transcontinental railroad in 1869, relocated to Reno, Nevada, where he entered into the livery stable business with John Wilson. The two men purchased the Pollard & Mitchell stables on Commercial Row in December of 1869. By 1873, they were running a stage line between Reno and Peavine. They established Hammond & Wilson’s Express in 1874, operating between Susanville, California and Reno, Nevada. They connected with Wells Fargo at Reno.

Hammond & Wilson's Express to Susanville

By Hammond & Wilson’s Express to Susanville; likely exchanged with Wells Fargo at Susanville (although not marked as such) for delivery into San Francisco. One of only about four known Hammond & Wilson’s Express covers.

Hammond & Wilson's Express Advertisement

Western Expresses

Harrier’s Express – 1864 to 1865

D. W. Harrier served the mining camps from Nevada City, Moore’s Flat to North Bloomfield. He operated from a base at Nevada City and connected with Wells Fargo there.

D. W. Harrier's Express PAID from the mining camps to Nevada City

By D. W. Harrier’s Express PAID from the mining camps to Nevada City; exchanged with Wells Fargo Nevada Jun 30 (likely 1864) to San Francisco.

D. W. Harrier's Express PAID from the mining camps to Nevada City

By D. W. Harrier’s Express PAID from the mining camps to Nevada City; exchanged with Wells Fargo & Co. Nevada Apr 12 (likely 1864 to San Francisco. One of only four examples of this frank printed in black.

Western Expresses

Harrier’s Express – 1864 to 1865

D. W. Harrier's Express. PAID from the mining camps to Nevada City

By D. W. Harrier’s Express. PAID from the mining camps to Nevada City; by Wells Fargo & Co. Nevada May 4 to San Francisco. The only recorded example of this type printed frank.

D. W. Harrier's Express PAID from the mining camps to Nevada City

By D. W. Harrier’s Express PAID from the mining camps to Nevada City; by post office from Nevada City, Cal May 1, 1864 to Brunswick, Maine.

Western Expresses

Harrison’s Susanville & Goose Lake Express – 1872

Harrison operated his California express is Siskiyou County between Susanville and Goose Lake in 1872.

Harrison's Susanville & Goose Lake Express Company PAID likely from the Goose Lake area to Adinville

By Harrison’s Susanville & Goose Lake Express Company PAID likely from the Goose Lake area to Adinville; by post office from Adinville Sept 1872 to Marysville. Adinville (Adin) was on the route between Goose Lake and Susanville. The only reported example from this express.

Map of route between Goose Lake and Susanville

Western Expresses

J. Hawes & Co.’s Express – Dec, 1854 to Sep, 1855

J. Hawes and Co’s San Francisco & New York Express was formed by Joseph Hawes and Charles Lumbard on Dec 13, 1854. They advertised for the Vanderbilt Independent Line steamer Cortes that departed on Mar 25, 1855 (cover below carried on this trip). Their last ad appeared on September 4, 1855.

Hawes & Co.'s Express S.F. & N.Y. out of the mails from San Francisco to New York with double 6¢ postage paid by four 3¢ 1851 issue adhesives.

By Hawes & Co.’s Express S.F. & N.Y. out of the mails from San Francisco to New York with double 6¢ postage paid by four 3¢ 1851 issue adhesives.

  • Vanderbilt Line steamer Cortez, depart San Francisco Mar 24, 1855, arrive San Juan del Sur Apr 6
  • Two days across Nicaragua to San Juan del Norte
  • Vanderbilt Line steamer Northern Light, depart San Juan del Norte Apr 8, arrive NYApr 15, 1855
  • N. York Steamship Apr 15 (1855) entered US mails for delivery to Connecticut
Mar 22, 1855 advertisement from the San Francisco Daily Alta

Mar 22, 1855 advertisement from the San Francisco Daily Alta for the sailing of the steamer Cortez via Nicaragua

Western Expresses

Hawley & Co.’s Express – Jan, 1850 to Nov 11, 1850

T. R. Hawley bought out his partners (D. Weld, Edward W. Tracy and William H. Tiffany) in Weld & Company Express in January, 1850 and formed Hawley & Co.’s Express. This early California express ran between San Francisco and Sacramento with a stop at Benicia. Adams Express acted as Hawley’s agent and expeditor in San Francisco. In Jun, 1850, Hawley purchased Angle & Company, adding John M. Freeman as a partner shortly thereafter. Service was expanded north to Marysville along the Yuba River. Freeman purchased the entire operation from his partner on Nov 11, 1850, changing the name to Freeman’s Express.

PAID by Hawley & Co.s Express from Sacramento City to San Francisco

PAID by Hawley & Co.s Express from Sacramento City to San Francisco. Folded business letter addressed to the Sheriff of San Francisco County, docketed received Mar 18, 1850.

Dateline

Western Expresses

Hawley & Co.’s Express – Jan, 1850 to Nov 11, 1850

Hawley & C's Express with From Sacramento to San Francisco

Folded business letter datelined Sac City Sept 23 1850 carried by Hawley & C’s Express with From Sacramento to San Francisco.

datelined Sac City Sept 23 1850
Messrs Elliot Curley
Gentlm
Referring to yours abt Harris – I do not think you ought to ask me to take after Harris if he is right. Will you do me the favor to notice if the Wm Penn has arrived and aid its Capt in putting things through for a voyage. I shall go down tomorrow morning.
Rem truly yours
Sand & Paige
Sac City Sept 23 1850

The Sacramento Transcript dated Sep 7, 1850 had the notice shown at right regarding the sale of the Brig William Penn:

Sacramento Transcript dated Sep 7, 1850

Western Expresses

Hawley & Co.’s Express – Jan, 1850 to Nov 11, 1850

Hawley & C's Express from San Francisco to Sacramento City by steamboat

Folded letter from New York (datelined Feb 14, 1850) carried privately “By Mr Huff” via Panama to San Francisco. Letter mentions Mr. Huff takes the steamer tomorrow, but there is no record of a Feb 15, 1850 steamer departure from NY to Chagres. The writer likely had the date incorrect, such that the waybill would be:

  • USMSC Ohio, depart New York Feb 13, 1850, arrive Chagres Mar 9, 1850
  • Across the isthmus of Panama via mule and canoe from Mar 9 to Mar 23, 1850
  • PMSC Tennessee, depart Panama Mar 23, 1850, arrive San Francisco Apr 14, 1850
  • circa Apr 15, 1850 by Hawley & C’s Express from San Francisco to Sacramento City by steamboat
Dateline New York Feb 14, 1850
Mr Huff…takes the steamer tomorrow for Chagres & California he will take this with others to you. I told him he could hand them to Mr Hawley Express…I was much pleased to hear from you that you was well and had not gone to the mines. I am very mutch obliged to you for the Gold. I will send the letter and the Gold to your Brother…A. Littlefield
Steamer Senator at Sacramento City.

Steamer Senator at Sacramento City.

Western Expresses

Hawley & Co.’s Express – Jan, 1850 to Nov 11, 1850

Hawley & Co.'s Express from San Francisco to Sacramento City

By Hawley & Co.’s Express from San Francisco to Sacramento City on folded business letter datelined San Francisco Oct 14, 1850. Enclosed business letter transcribed, in part, below.

Dateline San Francisco Oct 14, 1850
…We send you by the “Hartford” one bag Pepper weighing 107 # @ 30c. We were unable Saturday to get the Beans from the vessel – could not get them off in time today – they will go up tomorrow without fail. The coffee was sold before we received your reply. There are no crates of crockery here of the description you mention…Boardman Bacon & Co., Cor. Montg & Sacs Streets

Sep 11, 1850 ad from the Alta California. By the end of November 1849 regular steamboat service connected San Francisco and Sacramento City. Service soon was extended north to Marysville. This major steamboat trunk line was dominated by two primary operators, the People’s Line and the Union Line. Hawley & Co. had exclusive rights to carry express matter on People’s Line while Mumby & Co. used Union Line steamboats.

Sep 11, 1850 ad from the Alta California

Western Expresses

Hawley & Co.’s Express – Jan, 1850 to Nov 11, 1850

San Francisco Daily Alta California Jun 8, 1850

San Francisco Daily Alta California
Jun 8, 1850

San Francisco Daily Alta California Jul 15, 1850

San Francisco Daily Alta California
Jul 15, 1850

San Francisco Daily Pacific News
Sep 2, 1850

San Francisco Daily Pacific News Sep 2, 1850

Western Expresses

Haydon’s Express – 1856

S. C. Haydon, a merchant in Petaluma, established his express to handle mail in Sonoma and Marin County towns north of San Francisco. The text on his printed frank reads: “Between Petaluma, Santa Rosa, Russian River, Heald’s Store, Godwin’s Rancho, Ray’s House, and The Geysers. Also, to Bodega, Tomales and San Rafael, connecting with the ‘Pacific’ (express) at Petaluma.”

Haydon's Express primary offices in relation to San Francisco

Haydon’s Express primary offices in relation to San Francisco

PAID Haydon's Express from one of the locations noted on the printed frank to Petaluma in Feb, 1856
  • PAID Haydon’s Express from one of the locations noted on the printed frank to Petaluma in Feb, 1856
  • By Pacific Express Petaluma to San Francisco
  • Vanderbilt Line steamer Uncle Sam, depart San Francisco Feb 20, 1856, arrive San Juan del Sur Mar 2, 1856
  • Three days across Nicaragua to San Juan del Norte
  • Vanderbilt line steamer Northern Light, depart San Juan del Norte Mar 5, 1856, arrive New York Mar 13, 1856
  • By government mails from New York Mar 16 (1856) to Washington, D.C.

Western Expresses

Haywood Express Company – 1868 to 1869

Little is known about this express company, except for information from the lone surviving cover. From that cover, shown below, we can assume they operated in the East Bay (Hayward, formerly known as Haywood, is in Alameda County) and connected with Pacific Union Express Company, possibly in Oakland. The latter express company operated from Jul 1, 1868 to December 1869 when they were absorbed by Wells Fargo.

Haywood Express Co., connecting with Pacific Union Express Co. (probably in Oakland) to San Francisco

By Haywood Express Co., connecting with Pacific Union Express Co. (probably in Oakland) to San Francisco. Only known example from this express company.

Western Expresses

Hervey’s Express – 1858 to 1860

Samuel Hervey’s express ran from Nevada City into the surrounding area. It was most likely a single man feeder line into Nevada City from Red Dog and Dutch Flat.

S. Hervey's Express Nevada, Cal to Little York

By Langton’s from Monte Cristo to Nevada City; exchanged with S. Hervey’s Express Nevada, Cal to Little York. Enclosed letter datelined Monte Cristo June 29th/56 transcribed, in part, below. One of only two known examples of Hervey’s Express usages, the other being on a newspaper.

Dateline Monte Cristo June 29th/56
…We have built a Shanty and have just begun to keep house in true California Style. This place is only 5 miles from Downieville and I expect will be some day a big town…Jane is most tired out with her journey and 30 miles of mule riding…Yours truly…G. W. Greeley
Monte Cristo was WNW of Downieville on the North Fork of the Yuba River. Little York was a mining camp between You Bet and Dutch Flat near the North Fork of the American River.

Monte Cristo was WNW of Downieville on the North Fork of the Yuba River. Little York was a mining camp between You Bet and Dutch Flat near the North Fork of the American River.

Western Expresses

Hinckley & Co’s. Express. – 1860 to May 11, 1861

Hinckley & Company’s Express was founded in 1860 by C.S. Hinckley and John Sowers. The express operated among the mining towns, via Denver City and Fort Kearney, to Omaha City, Nebraska Territory. The company was purchased by the Central Overland, California & Pike’s Peak Express Company on May 11, 1861.

Hinckley & Co.'s Express, Denver City. Dec 12, 1860 from Denver City to Central City, Kansas Territory

By Hinckley & Co.’s Express, Denver City. Dec 12, 1860 from Denver City to Central City, Kansas Territory (later Colorado). Manuscript notation “Paid” in pencil. Business letter enclosed from Denver City, K. T. Dec 10th, 1860.

Dateline Dec 10th, 1860
Denver City, K. T.
"Stagecoaching in the Mountains" from Harper's Weekly

“Stagecoaching in the Mountains” from Harper’s Weekly

Western Expresses

Hinckley & Co’s. Express. – 1860 to May 11, 1861

Hinckley & Co.'s Express Denver City Feb 25, 1860 to Saint Joseph, MO

By Hinckley & Co.’s Express Denver City Feb 25, 1860 to Saint Joseph, MO; by government mail from Saint Joseph MO Mar 5 to St. Louis. This type printed frank, with the box beneath the scroll is unreported in Thomas’ book and unique.

Hinckley & Co.'s Express Denver City Feb 18, 1861 to Saint Joseph, MO

By Hinckley & Co.’s Express Denver City Feb 18, 1861 to Saint Joseph, MO; by government mail from Saint Joseph MO Feb 28 to Stillwater, Minn. Only the second reported example of this type printed frank, per Thomas’ book.

Western Expresses

J. W. Hoag & Co’s Contra Costa Express – late 1855 to 1858

J. W. Hoag, John Bamber, and Charles Gable purchased the Contra Costa Express from R. T. Lockwood in late 1855, adding W. F. Herre’s Contra Costa Express in 1856. John Bamber bought out his partners sometime around 1858 and began operating as Bamber’s Express.

J. W. Hoag & Co. Contra-Costa Express San Francisco to Warm Springs, Cal

By J. W. Hoag & Co. Contra-Costa Express San Francisco to Warm Springs, Cal with Collect 25¢ express fee notation. Docket Dec 5, 1856 indicating either the date of the contents (now missing) or receipt by the addressee.

San Francisco Daily Alta California advertisement: Nov 25, 1855
San Francisco Daily Alta California advertisement: Oct 15, 1858

San Francisco Daily Alta California advertisements: Nov 25, 1855 (left) showing the earliest ad for J. W. Hoag & Co.’s newly formed express; and Oct 15, 1858 (right) in which J. W. Hoag advertises for the sale of his express and newspaper business. Interestingly, he asks that inquiries be directed to J. Bamber & Co., who apparently ended up absorbing the business.

Western Expresses

Hoffman & Co.’s Express – Feb, 1850 to Apr, 1851

Hoffman & Co’s express was founded by William M. Hoffman who first advertised a single express messenger returning from San Francisco to New York in Feb, 1850. Apparently he operated briefly carrying mail from Sacramento the mines. In Dec, 1850 he advertised with his brother as merchants in Sacramento selling miner’s supplies. The notice shown below lists over 500 letters remaining at Hoffman & Little’s Express, which can be found at Gregory’s Express office. By May 17, 1851, Hoffman and Little are listed as Gregory’s agents in Nevada City.

Apr 1, 1851 list of letters remaining at Hoffman & Little's Express

Apr 1, 1851 list of letters remaining at Hoffman & Little’s Express to be collected at Gregory & Co. office.

Forwarded by Hoffman & Co. Express from Sacramento City to the mines

By government mails Quincy, I Nov 28 (Quincy, Illinois Nov 28, 1850) to Sacramento City with 40 (¢) postage due; Forwarded by Hoffman & Co. Express from Sacramento City to the mines. Folded letter mentions difficulty with the mails…we received your letter of September the 15 on the 16th of November…we never received your letter from the Platt River till yesterday…[the referenced letter would have been written in the summer of 1850 as this emigrant would have been crossing the Nebraska plains at that time]

Western Expresses

Hogan & Company’s Express – 1874 to 1876

William Hogan operated from the Nation Hotel in North San Juan and ran his express from Cherokee, to Columbia Hill, Lake City and Humbug. Hogan & Company’s express was a feeder route for Wells Fargo & Company, connecting with them at North San Juan.

Hogan & Co.'s North San Juan and Humbug Express into North San Juan

By Hogan & Co.’s North San Juan and Humbug Express into North San Juan; US Post Office North San Juan Cal. Mar 18 to San Jose.

Hogan & Co.'s North San Juan and Humbug Express into North San Juan

By Hogan & Co.’s North San Juan and Humbug Express into North San Juan; exchanged with Wells, Fargo & Co. North San Juan Oct 23 to San Francisco.

Western Expresses

Holladay Overland Mail & Express Co. – 1862 to Nov 1, 1866

Ben Holladay started his overland express from Atchison, Kansas to Placerville, California in 1862. He extended his lines in 1864, going from Salt Lake City, Utah to Walla Walla, Washington, with branches into Idaho, Montana and Colorado. In the spring of 1866, he bought out Butterfield’s Overland Stage and Dispatch Company. Ben Holladay, “the stagecoach king”, sold out his empire to Wells, Fargo & Company on Nov 1, 1866.

Holladay Overland Mail and Express Company to Omaha

By Holladay Overland Mail and Express Company to Omaha; by US post office from Omaha, Neb Jun 28 (1866) to Vermont. This type Omaha postmark is known used from July 29, 1865 to June 21, 1867, being replaced by a device with “Omaha City” in the dial, making this one of the few Holladay franked envelopes that can be documented as used during the period prior to the Nov 1, 1866 sale to Wells, Fargo & Co.

Holladay Overland Mail and Express Company office and stagecoach

Western Expresses

Holland, Morley & Co.’s Express – Early 1862 to Late 1862

The partnership of Morley & Caulkins dissolved in early 1862, at which time Homer B. Holland and George W. Morley formed their partnership. They purchased R. Francis’ Express in May of 1862, and Everts, Wilson & Company in September of that same year. Their principal offices were located at Marysville. They ran a daily service to Strawberry Valley, Saint Louis, Pine Grove, Howland Flat, Forbestown, Hanson Valley, Bangor, Gibsonville, Whisky Diggings, Port Wine and Poker Flat. They connected with Whiting & Company for a short period of time and, later, with Wells Fargo at Marysville. Morley sold his interest to Sam Wheeler in late 1862 at which time the express became Holland, Wheeler & Company.

Holland, Morley & Co.'s Express La Porte, Cal. to Marysville

By Whiting’s & Co.’s Feather River Express to La Porte; exchanged with Holland, Morley & Co.’s Express La Porte, Cal. to Marysville; exchanged with Wells, Fargo & Co. Marysville Oct [xx] with Wells, Fargo & Co,’s Express from Marysville label to San Francisco. Triple conjunctive express usage.

Holland, Morley & Co.'s Express La Porte, Cal. and Marysville advertisement

Western Expresses

Holland, Morley & Co.’s Express – Early 1862 to Late 1862

Holland, Morley & Co's Express in their Type 1 printed frank to Marysville

By Holland, Morley & Co’s Express in their Type 1 printed frank to Marysville; exchanged with Wells Fargo & Co. Marysville Sep 12 for delivery to San Francisco. One of only five known examples of this printed frank.

The first ad for Holland, Morley & Co.’s Express, as it appeared in Downieville’s The Mountain Messenger on Oct 11, 1862.

Holland, Morley & Co.'s Express, as it appeared in Downieville's The Mountain Messenger on Oct 11, 1862

Western Expresses

Holland & Wheeler’s Express – Late 1862 to Late 1863

George W. Morley sold his interest of Holland, Morley & Company to Sam Wheeler in late 1862. Holland & Wheeler operated over the same routes between La Porte and Marysville where they connected with Wells Fargo. From La Porte they serviced the Gibsonville Ridge and Feather River mining camps. Sam Wheeler is thought to have left the company in late 1863; Holland may have continued to operate alone.

Holland & Wheeler's Express to Marysville

By Holland & Wheeler’s Express to Marysville; by Wells Fargo & Co. Marysville Mar 31 (1865) to Atchison; by post office Atchison Kas. May 11 ’65 to Wisconsin. Docketed Mar 25 1865 check $576 gold.

Holland & Wheeler's Daily Express with light Holland, Morley & Co. Express LaPorte Cal handstamp

By Holland & Wheeler’s Daily Express with light Holland, Morley & Co. Express LaPorte Cal handstamp. Half of paste-up with July 28th, 1863docket.

Western Expresses

Hopkinson’s Express – 1862 to 1864 and 1865 to 1867

Emerson Bennett Hopkinson purchased a route that ran from Nevada City into the Dutch Flat area with service to Little York, Red Dog (or Chalk Bluff), You Bet, and Walloupa. In late 1864, he sold the route to J. A. Stone, who turned the route back to Hopkinson in February, 1865. Hopkinson connected with Wells Fargo at Nevada City and Dutch Flat.

Hopkinson's Express PAID into Dutch Flat

By Hopkinson’s Express PAID into Dutch Flat; by Wells Fargo & Co. Dutch Flat Jan 5 to Oroville.

Hopkinson's Express PAID into Nevada City, California

By Hopkinson’s Express PAID into Nevada City, California. Docketing at left from Dec 25, 1865, indicating second period of Hopkinson’s express operation.

Western Expresses

Hopkinson’s Express – 1862 to 1864 and 1865 to 1867

Hopkinson's Express PAID Nevada, Red Dog, You Bet & Dutch Flat into Dutch Flat

By Hopkinson’s Express PAID Nevada, Red Dog, You Bet & Dutch Flat into Dutch Flat; by Wells Fargo & Co. Dutch Flat Jan 6 to Oroville. The only known example of the Type 11 printed frank.

Map of Hopkinson's Express route into Dutch Flat

Western Expresses

Horn’s Tri-Weekly Express – 1874 to 1877

Dave Horn began operating an express in the 1874 between Fort Jones and Yreka, serving the mining area along the Scott River in northern California and connecting with Wells Fargo at both Yreka and Fort Jones. Horn sold out to F.L. Tickner in early 1877.

Horn's Yreka, Fort Jones, and Scott River Tri-Weekly Express PAID to Yreka

By Horn’s Yreka, Fort Jones, and Scott River Tri-Weekly Express PAID to Yreka; exchanged with Wells, Fargo & Co. Yreka Dec 12 for delivery to San Francisco.

Early sketch of Yreka

Early sketch of Yreka

Western Expresses

Hunter & Company – Mar, 1851 to Jun, 1854

Alexander Hunter began his express business with an ad in the Sacramento Transcript on Mar 27, 1851. In April, he was listed as connecting with Palmer’s Express. By May, he had expanded his service out of Sacramento to both Placerville and Mormon Island, servicing most of the mining camps and river bars on the American River. Hunter connected with Gregory’s, and then later with Adams & Company. In 1854, facing increasing competition, he first sold offices to Adams and then, in June 1854, he sold his entire remaining operation to Wells Fargo & Co., becoming their agent in Placerville beginning July, 1854.

Hunter & Cos Express from Sacramento to Greenwood

New Bedford Ms May 20 (1851) with 40 (due)to Sacramento City; Adv’d at Sacramento City; by Hunter & Cos Express from Sacramento to Greenwood, with Hunter’s manuscript notations Greenwood and 1.70 ($1.30 express fee, plus 40¢ due). The rate for mail (either prepaid or due) to the Pacific Coast was 40¢ prior to July 1, 1851.

Map of Hunter & Cos Express route from Sacramento to Greenwood

Western Expresses

Hunter & Company – Mar, 1851 to Jun, 1854

Hunter & Cos Express from Sacramento to Murderer's Bar

Fairfield, Ct. Oct 24 (1851) with 10 (due) to Sacramento City; by Hunter & Cos Express from Sacramento to Murderer’s Bar, with Hunter’s manuscript notation 1.35 ($1.25 express fee, plus 10¢ due) and M.Bar. The collect rate for distances over 3000 miles was reduced from 40¢ to 10¢ effective Jul 1, 1851.

Hunter & Cos Express to Greenwood

New Bedford, Ms. Aug 7 (1852) with 10 (due) to Sacramento City; by Hunter & Cos Express to Greenwood, with Hunter’s manuscript notationGreenwood 1.35 ($1.25 express fee, plus 10¢ due).

Western Expresses

Hunter & Company – Mar, 1851 to Jun, 1854

Hunter & Cos Express Yankee Jim's to Yankee Jim's

Independence, Mo. Mar 13 with 10 (due) Via New York to Nevada City; by Hunter & Cos Express Yankee Jim’s to Yankee Jim’s. The collect rate for distances over 3000 miles was reduced from 40¢ to 10¢ effective Jul 1, 1851. The only known example of this Hunter’s Yankee Jim’s marking.

Yankee Jim's in 1857

Yankee Jim’s in 1857

Western Expresses

Hunter & Company – Mar, 1851 to Jun, 1854

Hunter & Co's Express Mormon Island endorsed and delivered to Murderer's Bar

By government mails from Boston 23 Feb 6 cts (1852) with their matching PAID to San Francisco; forwarded to Mormon Island with Fd 5 (due) notation; by Hunter & Co’s Express Mormon Island endorsed and delivered to Murderer’s Bar with notations Murd Bar and 1.25 (express rate due). The prepaid rate for distances >3000 miles was 6¢ from Jul 1, 1851 to Apr 1, 1855.

Murderer's Bar, from Harper's Weekly

Murderer’s Bar, from Harper’s Weekly

Western Expresses

Hunter & Company – Mar, 1851 to Jun, 1854

Hunter & Cos Express Auburn from Sacramento

Avon, Me March 8 (1852) with Free E.M. Towle, P.M. to Sacramento City; Forwarded by Hunter & Cos Express Auburn from Sacramento “Received at Secret Diggings Ravine May 5th, 1852 D. Towle”, with Hunter’s manuscript notation New Castle 1.25 (express fee). One of only three known examples of this Hunter’s Auburn marking.

Daguerreotype of Auburn Ravine in 1852

Western Expresses

Hunter & Company – Mar, 1851 to Jun, 1854

Hunter & Co's Express in their printed envelope to Placerville

By Hunter & Co’s Express in their printed envelope to Placerville; by post office Placerville Cal Mar 31 (ca1852) with 10 rate marking to Elkhart, Indiana. One of only two known examples of this printed frank.

Placerville (Hangtown) in 1852

Placerville (Hangtown) in 1852

Western Expresses Alphabetically