Western Expresses | N

Submitted by: The Red Cloud Collection

Western Expresses | N 2017-11-03T15:01:35+00:00

Western Expresses | N

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Western Expresses

Nevada City and Meadow Lake Express – 1866 to 1867

The town of Meadow Lake was established between 1866 and the summer of 1867 above Donner Summit at an elevation of over 7000 feet. Little is known of this express, other than it connected with Wells Fargo at Nevada City. The small amount of gold and the heavy winter snows apparently ended this express after only one year of operation.

Nevada City and Meadow Lake Express PAID to Nevada

By Nevada City and Meadow Lake Express PAID to Nevada; by Wells Fargo & Co. Nevada Jul x to an unknown destination, as this cover was part of a paste-up. One of only three known examples from this short-lived express company, two of which are paste-ups.

Meadow Lake, ca1868

Meadow Lake, ca1868

Western Expresses

Nevada, Washington and Omega Express – 1871

Thought to have operated among the towns of the express’ name, with Nevada City and Omega on Deer Creek, and Washington just northwest of Omega on the South Fork of the Yuba River. They connected with Wells, Fargo & Company in Nevada City.

Nevada, Washington and Omega Express to Nevada City

By Nevada, Washington and Omega Express to Nevada City; exchanged with Wells, Fargo & Co. Nevada Feb 18 to San Jose.

Map of route between Nevada City, Omega and Washington

Western Expresses

Newell & Co.’s Express – Oct 22, 1851 to Jul, 1853

L. W. Newell and E. W. Colt two of the partners of Todd & Company, purchased that company’s express operation and changed the name to Newell & Co in Oct 22, 1851. They connected with Adams & Co in San Francisco, while advertising a connection with Freeman & Co for the Northern mines. L. W. Newell managed the base out of San Francisco, with one route that ran to E. W. Colt at Stockton, who served Sonora and the southern mines. Ocean steamers were used to serve the Oregon Territory, with their agent Nathaniel Brown. Newell & Co. sold to Adams in Jul, 1853, having worked closely with them since Newell & Co.’s formation.

Newell & Co's Express San Francisco to Portland, Oregon

By Newell & Co’s Express San Francisco to Portland, Oregon with enclosed letter datelined San Francisco November 5th, 1851 transcribed on following page. Original Newell & Co.’s Express ad from Oct 27, 1851 below.

Original Newell & Co.'s Express ad from Oct 27, 1851

Western Expresses

Newell & Co.’s Express – Oct 22, 1851 to Jul, 1853

Dateline: San Francisco November 5th, 1851

San Francisco November 5th, 1851

Mess Norris & Co.
Dear Sirs,

Our last respects were pr Steamer of 20th Oct, since which time we are without any of your esteemed favors – not having received a letter from either yourselves or Clinton by the last arrival of the Columbia – altho, we fully expected a remittance by her – and an account of Amazon’s cargo. – We have no doubt that your letter was written and despatched – but some miscarriage has kept it from us. – We have no alteration to make in the wishes expressed to you in our previous letters nor anything stirring to advise you of with us. – We trust that long ere this the Amazon has been despatched with the flour you spoke of –

The “Geo Thacher” is close at hand – your box on board shall be despatched to you as soon as it is received.

We send you papers for business and general information. –

Send down all the funds that you can mind, as by the next Steamer we shall [?] ourselves by remitting to W. L. Co. – on account of the unfortunate affair of Ludlows. – We are very busy – Very truly yours –

Winter & Latimer

Western Expresses

Nichols & Co.’s Express – Oct, 1857 to Jul, 1858

This express, which first advertised in October 1857, operated from San Francisco by steamer via Crescent City to Oregon and the Frazer River mines and to Bellingham Bay, Washington. They connected with Freeman & Co’s Express and Alta Express. In July 1858, they sold out to American Express (the California company) who adopted the same printed frank.

Nichols & Co.'s Express PAID printed frank with Nichols & Co.'s Express Northern Coast handstamp into San Francisco

Nichols & Co.’s Express PAID printed frank with Nichols & Co.’s Express Northern Coast handstamp into San Francisco from the northern mines. The Nichols San Francisco handstamp is 26x35mm; whereas the Northern Coast example is 24x34mm, like this one.

Nichols & Co.'s Express. PAID. handstamp frank with Nichols & Co.'s Express San Francisco

By Nichols & Co.’s Express. PAID. handstamp frank with Nichols & Co.’s Express San Francisco for local delivery. The only known example of this black frank.

Sacramento Daily Union article of Dec 5, 1857

Nichols & Co.’s Express carried the news from Oregon (and parts inland) to San Francisco, as evidenced by this Sacramento Daily Union article of Dec 5, 1857.

Western Expresses

Noisy Carriers River Route – 1850 to 1857

The most prominent of the newspaper and letter bag men was Charles P. Kimball, who arrived in San Francisco in July 1849. Within a few months he organized the Kimball & Co. Express to carry mail to Sacramento by boat. It was unsuccessful and no covers are recorded. On Feb 1, 1850 he organized a city delivery local, with again no known examples. Next he picked up newspapers from the arriving boats and hawked them through the streets in rhyming verse, which is where he got the name “Noisy Canier.” In September 1850, he published a city business directory. He had a store at Sansome and Pacific, but it was not until he opened a stationery store with books, newspapers, lettersheets and a publishing house at 77 Long Wharf that he hit his stride.

Noisy Carriers with their NC~RR POST ("Noisy Carriers River Route Post") hand stamp from Sacramento to San Francisco

Oroville, Cal Sep 2, 1858 to Greenwood, Cal.; address crossed through and very light “Sa… … … …” written above Greenwood (attempted erasure); thus forwarded by Noisy Carriers with their NC~RR POST (“Noisy Carriers River Route Post”) hand stamp from Sacramento to San Francisco. Two other examples of this marking are recorded, both postmarked San Francisco (Jan 17 and Nov 20) to Sacramento, with 1857 docketing.

Ernest A. Wiltsee wrote an article in Stamps (Jan 30, 1937) about the “Noisy Carrier–River Route Post.” marking: Evidence shows that the “Noisy Carrier’s” great competitor J. W. Sullivan, ran a steamboat express from San Francisco to Sacramento carrying letter bags of mail, and if Sullivan were allowed to carry express and mail on a chartered steamer, the “Noisy Carrier” would be allowed the same privilege by the Post Office (Kimball had formerly run an express to Sacramento). His letter bags were doubtless maintained there as well as in San Francisco. The following item from the Alta California (Apr 13, 1857) was important enough to appear in the editorial column:

Enterprise-Ullman of the Newspaper and Periodical Depot, corner of Sansome and Washington Streets and Kimball of the Noisy Carrier’s Book & Stationery Co., dispatched the steamer Martin White at fifteen minutes before six yesterday evening with full supplies of news and literature received by the Golden Age for their interior agents. They effected a charter of the White some four or five days ago in anticipation of the Age arriving on Sunday, being resolved to avoid the delay which would then be necessary, if depending on the regular line and waiting for the Monday boats. The Golden Age reached her wharf about 3-1/2 o’clock, but it was nearly four before the mails were landed and opened so that the entire work of assorting and making up their numerous packages were accomplished by Messrs. Ullman and Kimball in less than two hours. Wells Fargo & Co. availed themselves of this enterprise to forward their express letters. This is another instance of the go-a-headitive spirit possessed by San Francisco newsmen.

Western Expresses

Norman & Grant’s Express – 1868

G. H. Norman (Nohrman) may have operated alone for a short period of time after he sold his interest in Pauly & Nohrman’s Express. At some point in 1868, he formed a partnership with Grant. Their express served the mines of the Gibsonville Ridge from a base at Gibsonville.

Norman & Grant's Express to Gibsonville
By Norman & Grant’s Express to Gibsonville; entered US mails with Gibsonville, Cal. Oct 9 (1868) postmark to Union, Maine.
 Gibsonville in 1855 from Hutchings' Illustrated California Magazine

Gibsonville in 1855 from Hutchings’ Illustrated California Magazine

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