Western Expresses | R

Submitted by: The Red Cloud Collection

Western Expresses | R 2017-11-03T19:45:25+00:00

Western Expresses | R

Western Expresses Alphabetically

Western Expresses

Raum’s Express – 1871 to 1872

This express began in 1870 with Mell Raum and a partner, Lovell, to serve Eureka and White Pine Counties, Nevada. Lovell left and Raum carried on alone until 1872, connecting with the US mails at Schellbourne, Nevada.

Adams & Co. San Francisco Aug 26 (1854) hand stamp to San Jose

PAID Adams & Co., Over our California and Coast Routes with Adams & Co. San Francisco Aug 26 (1854) hand stamp to San Jose. Only known example with the frank printed vertically at left used during Adams period of operation.

Raum's Ruby Hills, Centerville, and Schelburn Express to Schellbourne, Nevada

By Raum’s Ruby Hills, Centerville, and Schelburn Express to Schellbourne, Nevada; by post office from Schellbourne, Nev. Jul 28 to Sacramento City. Only about four examples of this printed frank are known.

Western Expresses

Reynolds & Company – Jan, 1850 to Oct 9, 1851

Reynolds & Co Express to Jamestown (Tuolumne County) California

By un-identified private carrier from Washington, DC to Stockton; Forwarded by Reynolds & Co Express to Jamestown (Tuolumne County) California, with 1.00 pencil notation for $1.00 express fee. Enclosed letter transcribed below:

Dateline: Washington Nov. 28th, 1850

Dear Charly,

I have just got here – All are well at Somervale – and Old Jim Englishman rejoiced to hear from you by Capt. McGee’s letter – He has always appeared to take great interest in your welfare – It is on the eve of the Session of Congress [the 32nd United States Congress did not meet until Mar 4, 1851], what may be enacted, the Lord only can tell –

You shall hear from me again before long. –

I have rec’d a letter from Edward H. Whitney which gave me great satisfaction. –

This is written in a great hurry & you must excuse its unconnected appearance.

Wm. S.S.A.
To Chas. A. Atkinson, Esq.
California

Western Expresses

Reynolds & Company – Jan, 1850 to Oct 9, 1851

Reynolds & Co Express Sonora Stockton & San Francisco

By Reynolds & Co Express Sonora Stockton & San Francisco with their PAID handstamp. Carried by Reynolds from Sonora to San Francisco.

Western Expresses

Reynolds, Todd & Co. – Oct 9, 1851 to Apr 22, 1852

Reynolds & Company and A. H. Todd & Company combined operations to form an express that ran over the same routes. The partners were Angevine Reynolds, J. P. D. Wilkins, William H. Brown and Alexander H. Todd. It ran from the southern mines to Stockton and Sacramento, connecting with Gregory’s Express (and perhaps Adams & Co in its last few months) in San Francisco. Charles A. Todd, not related to A. H. Todd, purchased this express in April, 1852 and formed a new company called Todd’s Express.

Reynolds, Todd & Co Express San Francisco with Not Paid to Stockton

Carried outside the mails from San Francisco to Stockton. Forwarded By Reynolds, Todd & Co Express San Francisco with Not Paid to Stockton. Folded business letter datelined March 19th, 1852. The US government did not require postage on privately carried mails until Aug 31, 1852.

Reynolds, Todd & Co Express Advertisement

Western Expresses

Reynolds, Todd & Co. – Oct 9, 1851 to Apr 22, 1852

Reynolds Todd & Co Express Stockton to Sonora

Forwarded by Reynolds Todd & Co Express Stockton to Sonora. Folded letter datelined Mar 29, 1852 transcribed below (spelling and punctuation uncorrected).

Stockton Mch 29th 52
Stockton Mch 29th 52
Friend Thos
I have been holding on that I might write you something a bought the proberbility of the suckess of our shop after returning from Sanfrancisco and got to going the rains come and raised the waters four feet in our shop floor and drove us out for a week or so though it did no material damage so you see I am in a bad streek and times are very dul not doing much though I am in hopes they will get better befour long worse can’t be I am not disposed to grumble or complain generaly but if things don’t change shortly I shall be constrained to come to the conclusion that I am not one of danre[?] fortians favorites but one of her daughters miss fortunes moste especial and selected I have a partner in the shop with me Mr Dickson a very good man write me how you are getting on and the news abought Sonora ther is not much general news heare the Steam Boat H. T. Clay has been bought by the citizens of Stockton to run between hear and Sanfrancisco fair all ways one and two dollars Mr. Lees siou [Sioux Indian?] is heare at this time largely attended write me when you have any news from Andy
Yours respectfully
James S. Perry

Western Expresses

Rhodes & Lusks Express – 1852 to 1854

James H. Rhodes and Hiram Lusk ran an express service from Sacramento north to Marysville, and from Marysville on to Tehama, Shasta, Weaverville, and as far north as Yreka. They connected with Wells Fargo at Sacramento. Hiram Lusk withdrew from the company in 1854 and the express service continued as Rhodes & Company Express. In July of 1855, James M. Rhodes sold out to Jesse Rhodes and Cornelius S. Whitney. Whitney left the partnership in December 1855, at which time Jesse Rhodes continued alone as Rhodes & Co.s Express until the company ceased to operate in February 1857.

Rhodes & Lusk's Express Weaverville with their PAID in oval handstamp to Sacramento

By Rhodes & Lusk’s Express Weaverville with their PAID in oval handstamp to Sacramento; exchanged with Wells Fargo & Cos Express Sacramento to a merchant in San Francisco. Docketing on verso Rec’d March 14/53.

View of Weaverville, Trinity Co., after the Fire, published by Rhodes & Lusk, Shasta. The Weaverville fire occurred in March, 1853.

View of Weaverville, Trinity Co., after the Fire, published by Rhodes & Lusk, Shasta. The Weaverville fire occurred in March, 1853.

Western Expresses

Rhodes & Lusks Express –
1852 to 1854

 

Rhodes & Lusk's Express Shasta with Not Paid for delivery to Weaverville

By Gregory’s Express Office San Francisco to Shasta; exchanged with Rhodes & Lusk’s Express Shasta with Not Paid for delivery to Weaverville with $1.00 express rate due by addressee.

Map of Gregory's Express to Shasta in blue, Rhodes & Lusk's Express to Weaverville in red

Gregory’s Express to Shasta in blueRhodes & Lusk’s Express to Weaverville in red

Western Expresses

Rhodes & Lusks Express –
1852 to 1854

Mail Stage Office dated Oct 8, 1852
By Rhodes & Lusk Express Shasta & San Francisco with F (free) on folded letter from Mail Stage Office dated Oct 8, 1852 to Cottonwood.
Mail Stage Office dated Oct 8, 1852

J. A. Marsin Esq
Dear Sir
Annexed please find statement of balance of fare to books, which our agent neglected to collect on the departure of the stage from this place,

  One seat to Cottonwood $22.00
  Credit Cash on same $10.00
  Balance $12.00

By forwarding the above amount to our agent, Mr. Kellogg, at Colusa you will much oblige
Your Obdt svts
Mess Bather & Co.

Western Expresses

Rhodes & Company Express –
1854 to Jul, 1855

James H. Rhodes ran an express service from Sacramento north to Marysville and on to Red Bluff, Shasta, Weaverville, and as far north as Yreka. He connected with Wells Fargo at Sacramento. Rhodes partnered with Hiram Lusk from 1852-1854 before going it alone. Cornelius S. Whitney partnered with Jesse Rhodes in Rhodes & Whitney’s Express from Jul to Dec, 1855. Rhodes continued the express under that name until he exited the express business in Feb, 1857

Rhodes & Co. Express Shasta to Sacramento

By Rhodes & Co. Express Shasta to Sacramento; exchanged with Wells Fargo for carriage to San Francisco. The Postal Act of Aug 31, 1852 required equivalent US postage on privately carried mails.

Shasta in 1856

Shasta in 1856

Western Expresses

Rhodes & Whitney’s Express –
Jul, 1855 to Feb, 1857
 

Jesse Rhodes partnered with Cornelius S. Whitney from July to December, 1855 in Rhodes and Whitney’s Express. The partnership advertised that they ran from Sacramento to Marysville, Shasta, Weaverville, Scott Bar, and Crescent City. From Weaverville they extended as far north as Yreka and had an office in Jacksonville, Oregon. Rhodes & Whitney’s Express connected with G. H. Wines & Co’s Express and later with Pacific Express. Whitney left the partnership in Dec, 1855 but Jesse Rhodes continued under the same name until ceasing operation in Feb, 1857.

Rhodes & Whitney's Express Yreka with oval PAID handstamp to Sacramento

By Rhodes & Whitney’s Express Yreka with oval PAID handstamp to Sacramento; exchanged with Wines for delivery to San Francisco with their G. H. Wines & Co. Express San Francisco marking.

Yreka in 1856

Yreka in 1856

Western Expresses

River Express – 1893 to 1901

River Express existed under a variety of proprietors as a freight hauler, storage company, and package forwarder. It operated primarily between Stockton and San Francisco but at times had agents in Alameda, Antioch, Benicia, Berkeley, Napa, Oakland, Petaluma, and Vallejo. They carried letters as an express service from 1893 and 1901, using Whitney as an agent in the east bay towns of Alameda, Berkley and Oakland.

By River Express Co. Stockton, Cal. Mar 17 1893 to San Francisco.

By River Express Co. Stockton, Cal. Mar 17 1893 to San Francisco. The Postal Act of Aug 31, 1852 required equivalent US postage on privately carried mails. The 2¢ postage rate became effective Oct 1, 1883, having been reduced from 3¢.

Map of route from San Francisco to Stockton

Western Expresses

Robinson’s (W. H.) Express –
1852 to 1854
 

W. H. Robinson reportedly ran an express service between Sacramento and Murphy’s Camp; however, he may have acted more as a local delivery to the Sacramento City area. His operation is listed in the Sacramento City Directory of 1854. Robinson apparently had a relationship with Rhodes & Lusk’s Express, based on a Jul 1, 1852 correspondence indicating that Robinson was billing Rhodes & Lusk $22.95 for commission and postage fees for handling forty letters. From this, we can assume that Robinson was charging 50¢ per letter, with the remainder most likely for added postage. This is one of the rare cases where a monetary relationship is documented between express companies.

By post office from Caledonia Me June 18/52 due 10 to Sacramento City

By post office from Caledonia Me June 18/52 due 10 to Sacramento City; delivered by W. H. Robinson Express Agent Sacramento. The unpaid rate for distances greater than 3000 miles was 10¢ effective Jul 1, 1851. Exceptionally clear strike of this handstamp express marking. Folded letter datelined June 12, 1852 transcribed, in part, below.

Caledonia Me June 18/52
…We heard from the emigrants at Fort Kearny grass short & colera & small pox on behind the feaver fer next spring is high even friend Moon talks of going in 53…

Western Expresses

Rockfellow & Co.’s Express –
May, 1863 to Oct, 1863

Rockfellow & Co.’s Express ran from Walla Walla, Washington to the John Day Country in Oregon and on to the Boise Basin in Idaho following Wells, Fargo’s withdrawal from the route on May 17, 1863. Later, when Indian troubles subsided and production of bullion greatly increased, Wells, Fargo purchased Rockfellow’s Express on Oct 17, 1863.

Rockfellow & Co.'s Express PAID 75¢. from either the John Day mines or the Boise Basin to Walla Walla, Washington

By Rockfellow & Co.’s Express PAID 75¢. from either the John Day mines or the Boise Basin to Walla Walla, Washington; by Wells Fargo & Co. Walla Walla Sep 2 to San Francisco. One of only about five known examples of this type printed frank and about 12 total surviving Rockfellow covers.

William H. Rockfellow stands closest to the wheel in this early photo.

William H. Rockfellow stands closest to the wheel in this early photo.

Western Expresses

Rowe & Company –
1854 to 1855

Edwin A. Rowe formed Rowe & Company’s Express which operated between Shasta and Weaverville, connecting with Pacific Express in both those locations. A different Rowe (W. H.) ran another express from 1856-1858.

Rowe & Co Weaver PAID from Weaverville to Shasta

By Rockfellow & Co.’s Express PAID 75¢. from either the John Day mines or the Boise Basin to Walla Walla, Washington; by Wells Fargo & Co. Walla Walla Sep 2 to San Francisco. One of only about five known examples of this type printed frank and about 12 total surviving Rockfellow covers.

Weaverville in 1856

Weaverville in 1856

Western Expresses

Rumrill & Company –
Aug, 1853 to Apr, 1855

Frank Rumrill began in the express business as Gregory’s agent in Marysville from March, 1851 to Oct 1, 1852 when he switched his allegiance to Wells Fargo and became their agent in Marysville. Ten months later, Wells Fargo enfranchised Rumrill to branch out on his own, beginning his own express in August, 1853 with its headquarters in Downieville. He bought out Beck’s Express on Jul 1 1854, which extended his line north from Downieville into the Gibsonville Ridge area. Rumrill sold out to Wells, Fargo & Co. in April, 1855.

By post office Franklin Mills O. Mar 6 (1854) with 10 (collect) via New York and Panama to Marysville

By post office Franklin Mills O. Mar 6 (1854) with 10 (collect) via New York and Panama to Marysville; by F. Rumrill & Co. Northern Express Connecting with Wells Fargo & Co. for delivery. As this cover is addressed to Frank Rumrill, he probably picked it up in Marysville. Enclosed letter datelined Franklin (Ohio) March 6, 1854 transcribed, in part below. The collect rate for distances over 3000 miles was reduced from 40¢ to 10¢ effective Jul 1, 1851.

Datelined Franklin (Ohio) March 6, 1854
Frank, why do I not hear from you…I wrote to you two letters in December and one on the 8th of February. I have heard that there was a mail lost on the Golden Gate. My letters may have been in that mail. If you ever receive those letters you will find it was no fault of mine that it was not I that kept you in suspense so long. Will you write to me as soon as you get this. It does not appear to me that I can wait one day longer. There never was anything that ever gave me so much trouble as the uncertainty of those letters. Will you excuse me for friendships sake and believe me your friend
Henrietta

Western Expresses

Rumrill & Company –
Aug, 1853 to Apr, 1855

F. Rumrill & Co's Northern Express Connecting with Wells, Fargo & Co. from Marysville to San Francisco

circa May, 1854 by F. Rumrill & Co’s Northern Express Connecting with Wells, Fargo & Co. from Marysville to San Francisco; delivered In care of Adams & Co Express office in San Francisco, per sender’s notation.

Sep 9, 1854 advertisement from the Sacramento Daily Union.

Sep 9, 1854 advertisement from the Sacramento Daily Union.

Western Expresses

Rumrill & Company –
Aug, 1853 to Apr, 1855

F. Rumrill & Co's Express Downieville likely to Marysville

By F. Rumrill & Co’s Express Downieville likely to Marysville, where it was exchanged with Wells Fargo. It is not clear how the letter was then conveyed on to Ohio, as no postal markings are evident. Enclosed letter, transcribed in part below, datelined Downieville Dec 5, 1854 from Frank Rumrill to his girlfriend, Henrietta Stewart.

Datelined Downieville Dec 5, 1854

My Dear Henrietta

Yours of Oct 3, is just received…Am sorry I cannot set a certain time for my return home, but will assure you that just so soon as I can arrange my business I will leave. The prospects are brighter now than ever before, and I have sanguine hopes of being able to get off soon…My health is now good, although my lungs are still slightly affected…

Ever your

Frank

Western Expresses

Rumrill & Company –
Aug, 1853 to Apr, 1855

F. Rumrill & Cos Express Fosters Bar to Sacramento City

By F. Rumrill & Cos Express Fosters Bar to Sacramento City. Filed June 19th 1854 docket. This is the only known example of a Rumrill Fosters Bar marking.

Ad from the Sep 3, 1854 issue of the San Francisco Golden Era.

Ad from the Sep 3, 1854 issue of the San Francisco Golden Era.

Western Expresses

Rundell & Jones – 1863

George Rundell and Horatio Jones formed a partnership in 1863 for an express operation between The Dallas, Oregon and the gold fields in the John Day and Canyon City mining area or Oregon. In October of the same year, Jones formed a partnership with Addison Edgar which began operation over the route and replaced Rundell & Jones Express.

By Rundell & Jones' Canyon City Express - Paid 50 Cents from the John Day or Canyon City, Oregon mining area to The Dallas, Oregon.

By Rundell & Jones’ Canyon City Express – Paid 50 Cents from the John Day or Canyon City, Oregon mining area to The Dallas, Oregon.

Map of route Canyon City Mines

Western Expresses

Rutherford & Co.’s Express –
Dec, 1866 to [Aug, 1867]

R. H. Rutherford continued to operate an express after the breakup of Wheeler, Rutherford & Company. He pushed his express operation into Plumas County to reach the North Fork of the Feather River. It is likely he moved his base of operations from Marysville to Oroville, connecting withWells Fargo at that point.

Rutherford & Co.'s Express in their printed frank envelope to Oroville

By Rutherford & Co.’s Express in their printed frank envelope to Oroville; exchanged with Wells Fargo & Co. Oroville for delivery to San Francisco. Docketed on verso Aug 1867One of only five known covers from Rutherford & Co.’s Express.

Item from the Marysville Daily Appeal of Dec 19, 1866

Item from the Marysville Daily Appeal of Dec 19, 1866 indicating dissolution of Wheeler, Rutherford & Co. effective Dec 1, 1866.

Rutherford & Co.'s Express, from the Sacramento Daily Union dated Aug 13, 1867

The latest mention of any kind of Rutherford & Co.’s Express, from the Sacramento Daily Union dated Aug 13, 1867

Western Expresses Alphabetically