Western Expresses | T

Submitted by: The Red Cloud Collection

Western Expresses | T 2017-11-07T13:38:53+00:00

Western Expresses | T

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Western Expresses

Taggart’s Express – 1866 to 1871

Grant Taggart, who had been a hotel operator, entered the stage business by purchasing the equipment of the California Stage Company in 1866. The Apr 30, 1866 Sacramento Daily Union reported that Taggart had acquired the U.S. mail contract between Shasta and Weaverville. Taggart took over Greenhood & Newbauer’s express business in August, 1867 when their banking operation failed, taking the express business with it.

Paid Grant I. Taggart's Shasta & Weaverville Express to Shasta

Paid Grant I. Taggart’s Shasta & Weaverville Express to Shasta; exchanged with Wells Fargo & Co. Shasta Jul 19 to San Francisco. The only known used example from Taggart’s Express.

Two articles mentioning Grant I. Taggart's Express

Only two articles of any kind mentioning Grant I. Taggart’s Express or mail stage line could be located, both from the Marysville Daily Appeal, dated Mar 26, 1867 (upper) and Dec 14, 1870 (lower). However, many articles were located referencing Taggart’s political activity

Western Expresses

Taylor’s Express – Apr, 1851 to Apr, 1852

Lewis Wilson Taylor operated a semi-monthly express from Shasta, via Hamilton City, Yuba City and Marysville to Sacramento. He operated prior to the date of his advertisement of June 1851. His last ad appeared on Apr 28, 1852. Taylor advertised a connection with Henkle’s Express for areas north of Shasta and with Gregory’s for areas south of Sacramento.

Taylors Express Shasta April 10 (1851) to Sacramento City

By Taylors Express Shasta April 10 (1851) to Sacramento City; by post office mail Sacramento City Cal. Apr 17 with 40 (due) for carriage to Wisconsin.

Sacramento Daily Union ad of Nov 4, 1851

Sacramento Daily Union ad of Nov 4, 1851

Western Expresses

Thomes & Skaden’s Express – Aug, 1870 to Mar, 1874

E. B. Thompson ran this small express from Petaluma to Santa Rosa and on to Healdsburg, CA. He connected with Wells Fargo at Petaluma and acted as a feeder for them.

Thomes & Skaden's Express Susanville & Reno Connecting with Wells, Fargo, & Co. in their Type 9 printed frank to Reno

By Thomes & Skaden’s Express Susanville & Reno Connecting with Wells, Fargo, & Co. in their Type 9 printed frank to Reno; exchanged with Wells, Fargo & Co. Reno Sep 6 to San Francisco.

Early ad for Thomes & Skadden's Stage Line in the Lassen Sage Brush Aug 20, 1870

Early ad for Thomes & Skadden’s Stage Line (carrying U. S. Mail) as published in the Lassen Sage Brush Aug 20, 1870

Western Expresses

Thompson & Co.’s Express – 1857

Thompson & Co.'s Express Santa Rosa to Petaluma in their printed frank envelope

By Thompson & Co.’s Express Santa Rosa to Petaluma in their printed frank envelope. One of only five known examples from this express, this being the only one carried only by Thompson (all others exchanged with Wells Fargo).

San Francisco Daily Alta California ad of Jul 11, 1857

San Francisco Daily Alta Californiaad of Jul 11, 1857

Goddard’s “Map of The State of California” (1857) with highlighted locations of Thompson’s main offices

Image of Goddard's "Map of The State of California" (1857)

Western Expresses

Tickner’s Express – 1862 to 1872

H. C Tickner operated an express from Yreka that ran to the mining camps along the Klamath River, later expanding into the Scott River Valley. Tickner’s Express connected with Wells Fargo at Yreka and Fort Jones. The operation was sold to A. B. Carlock and Ward in late 1872.

H. C. Tickner's Yreka and Scott Bar Express from Fort Jones to Scott Bar

By H. C. Tickner’s Yreka and Scott Bar Express from Fort Jones to Scott Bar, with manuscript notation at left “Paid A.B.C.” Enclosed business letter datelined Fort Jones Sep 7, 1872 shown below (slightly reduced in size).

Business letter datelined Fort Jones Sep 7, 1872

Western Expresses

Tinnin & Owen’s Express – 1867 to 1868

W. J. Tinnin and John W. Owens offered customers an express service from their general merchandise store in Weaverville. The opening of a Wells Fargo office in Weaverville on Nov 14, 1868 most likely ended their foray in the express business.

Tinnin & Owens Weaverville Apr 16 (1868) in their printed franked envelope to an unidentified destination
By Tinnin & Owens Weaverville Apr 16 (1868) in their printed franked envelope to an unidentified destination, as this envelope was part of a paste-up, with the back half no longer attached.
Image of "View of Weaverville, Trinity Co., After The Fire"

Western Expresses

Todd & Co’s Express – Jul 13, 1850 to Oct 9, 1851

Alexander H. Todd and E. W. Colt formed Todd and Company’s Express following Benjamin L. Bryan’s departure from Todd & Bryan’s Express on Jul 13, 1850. E. W. Colt operated out of Stockton and served the southern mines through merchant agents, while A. H. Todd anchored the operation in San Francisco. They connected in San Francisco with Adams & Company and in Sacramento with Hawley & Company. Later, they also connected with both Freeman and Reynolds & Company in Sacramento. They extended a line, by steamer, to Portland and Oregon City and brought L. W. Newell into the partnership to work out of Sonora. The partnership disbanded in Oct, 1851 with Colt and Newell taking the Oregon California express operation, as Newell & Company. Todd then combined the remaining California operation with Reynolds & Company to form Reynolds, Todd & Co.’s Express.

Todd & Co Express from Stockton to San Francisco
Forwarded by Todd & Co Express from Stockton to San Francisco on July 15th, 1851 folded business letter ordering stoves and ovens.
Dateline Stockton July 15th, 1851

Western Expresses

Todd & Co’s Express – Jul 13, 1850 to Oct 9, 1851

Todd & Co.'s Express Stockton to San Francisco

Todd & Co.’s Express Stockton to San Francisco; by Adams Express letter carry for delivery within San Francisco.

Dateline: Stockton Jan 30th 1851
…had heard from friend Comer by the last mail…He had a small loss on the way down to the Isthmus of all his coin in his trunk about $500. It was broke open and robbed. His dust he carried in a belt around him. He stated to go the Realajo Route [a Nicaraguan route] but with 2500 others found it was a Humbug, and had to go to Panama. He states that a large number of the passengers were robbed and that at Chagres nearly every other person there was sick…Isaac Washburn
Jan 29, 1851 Daily Alta California

Jan 29, 1851 Daily Alta California

Todd's agent in San Francisco was Adams Express who employed agents to Adams Express deliver letters directly to street addresses when requested

Letter bears a pencil “Sansome between Pacific & Jackson (Streets)” delivery instruction. Todd’s agent in San Francisco was Adams Express who employed agents to Adams Express deliver letters directly to street addresses when requested, and for an additional fee.

Western Expresses

Todd & Co’s Express – Jul 13, 1850 to Oct 9, 1851

Todd & Co.'s Express Stockton to San Francisco

By Todd & Co.’s Express Stockton to San Francisco with FREE; by Berford & Cos Express San Francisco Cal. To San Jose. Docket on verso “Appointed Jany 31 1851.”

Appointed Jany 31, 1851
Map of Todd & Co's Express route in blue, Berford & Co.'s Express land route in red.

Todd & Co’s Express route in blue, Berford & Co.’s Express land route in red.

Western Expresses

Todd & Co’s Express – Jul 13, 1850 to Oct 9, 1851

From Todd's Express Office Sonora to San Francisco with partial Not Paid handstamp

From Todd’s Express Office Sonora to San Francisco with partial Not Paid handstamp. Express charges of 50¢ due by recipient, as indicated by 4/ to pay (four bits, or 50¢ due).

Sonora in January, 1852.

Sonora in January, 1852.

Western Expresses

Todd & Co’s Express – Jul 13, 1850 to Oct 9, 1851

Todd & Co Express with From Stockton to San Francisco on Jan, 1851 folded letter

By Todd & Co Express with From Stockton to San Francisco on Jan, 1851 folded letter. Manuscript Free may indicate company business.

Todd & Co Express with $2.00 express fee from San Francisco to the recipient who docketed the letter Recd Jany 30th 1851.

Lowell, Mass Dec 9 (1850) with 40 rate to San Francisco; by Todd & Co Express with $2.00 express fee from San Francisco to the recipient who docketed the letter Recd Jany 30th 1851.

Western Expresses

Todd’s Express – Apr 22, 1852 to Sep 1, 1853

Charles A. Todd purchased all the assets of Reynolds, Todd & Company and continued to operate from San Francisco and Stockton serving the southern mines. Todd made inroads along the Sacramento River to points above Sacramento, but faced tough competition from Adams & Co. in that area. At first, Todd connected with Gregory’s Express, but later shared an office in San Francisco with Wells Fargo and connected with them for services to the Eastern States. Todd sold his operation to Wells Fargo in Sep, 1853, giving them control of the routes to the southern mines, where they began to compete with Adams.

Todd's Express San Francisco with Not Paid (collect) to Mr. Haight (later governor) in Sonora
Forwarded by Todd’s Express San Francisco with Not Paid (collect) to Mr. Haight (later governor) in Sonora. Folded letter datelined San Francisco May 4, 1853- transcribed, in part, below.
San Francisco Daily Alta California Nov 10, 1851 notice
…Dear Brother…The mail steamer is hourly expected and I will forward any letters recd by me from home…I told Dr. Zeile what you wrote relative to your health…I think possibly in a few weeks it may be advisable for you to come here & have leeches applied. I will talk with Ziele about it…Yours affcly
Henry H. Haight

P.S. May 5. Mail steamer arrived this morning shall probably get my letters this afternoon.

[The “New York and San Francisco Steamship Company Pacific Line’s” steamer Cortes arrived San Francisco from Panama May 5, 1853]

Western Expresses

Todd & Bryans Express – Early 1850 to Jul 13, 1850

Alexander H. Todd began operating as a one man express service in late July 1849, operating between San Francisco and Stockton and into the southern mines. He formed a partnership with Benjamin L. Bryan in late February or early March 1850, adding E. W. Colt shortly thereafter. Todd & Bryans shared an office in Stockton and had a working relationship with Adams & Company. They connected with Berford for correspondence to San Jose. Bryan sold out to his partners in July of 1850, at which time Todd and Colt formed Todd and Company, operating over the same route.

Todd & Bryan's Express from Stockton to San Francisco

Todd & Bryan’s Express from Stockton to San Francisco on folded letter datelined Stockton April 11, 1850; by post office San Francisco Apr 20 40 integral rate handstamp and Paid to Nauvoo, Illinois.

Dateline: Stockton April 11, 1850
…My last letter to you was mailed at Salt Lake. Since that time we have travelled about 1700 miles. The country from Salt Lake to California is one barren waste only fit for Indians to live in there never can be any settlement made on the route…I have been up to the mines made a little money, & then went to San Francisco after letters but could not find any – but hope to receive some from home soon…It is very expensive living in this country – $6.00 per day & you sleep yourself on the ground, but this is California…gold is found principally in the bed of larger streams and they cannot be worked to very good advantage until about 1st July – smaller creeks can be worked at any season of the year…We arrived in California with 1 waggon & 6 yoke of oxen We had 5 waggons when we left the Missouri River…

Western Expresses

Tracy & Company – 1859 to Nov, 1863

Thirty-two year old Edward W. (Ned) Tracy arrived in Portland on July 8, 1859, as Wells Fargo’s General Agent for the Washington and Oregon Territories. While establishing the Wells Fargo offices at the main coastal cities, he also began to form a partnership with E. Norton and E. L. James, operating an express service throughout the interior. The partnership with Norton and James was dissolved in March of 1862. Wells Fargo started buying out the express operations that serviced the Boise Basin in the fall of 1863 and in November of that year Tracy sold the last of his express service to them.

Tracy & Co. Express Walla Walla overland to their Wallula, Washington office

By Tracy & Co. Express Walla Walla overland to their Wallula, Washington office, then following the Columbia River to Portland with Tracy & Co. Aug 15 Portland to Salem over another of Tracy’s routes.

Tracy's Express with surcharge Salmon River Express PAID - One Dollar to Walla Walla

By Tracy’s Express with surcharge Salmon River Express PAID – One Dollar to Walla Walla; exchanged with Wells Fargo & Co. Walla Walla Sep 8 for delivery as noted on the other half of this paste-up (now missing). One of only four known examples of the Tracy’s one dollar Salmon River surcharge.

Western Expresses

Truman & Co.’s Express – 1865 to 1868

James C. Truman began his J. C. Truman Express in January 1864 soon after arriving in San Francisco. He took Chapman as a partner on February 16, 1864 and after Chapman withdrew in 1865, he formed Truman & Co’s Express. It operated until 1868 from San Francisco to San Jose by rail and to Watsonville and Santa Cruz.

Truman & Co.'s Express Feb 16, likely from San Francisco, to San Jose in their printed frank envelope

By Truman & Co.’s Express Feb 16, likely from San Francisco, to San Jose in their printed frank envelope. One of only about ten known examples of the Truman’s handstamp marking.

Sacramento Daily Union of Oct 25, 1867

The Sacramento Daily Union of Oct 25, 1867 lists the addressee, Wm. A. January of San Jose as an arrival at the Orleans Hotel in Sacramento.

Western Expresses

Tucker’s Siskiyou Express – 1868

Tucker’s Siskiyou Express was probably operated by Louis Tucker. This shortlived express ran from Shasta to the mining camps in the Siskiyou area on the California – Oregon border in 1868.

Tucker's Siskiyou Express from Jacksonville, Oregon to Southside Siskiyou Mountain, Oregon

By Tucker’s Siskiyou Express from Jacksonville, Oregon to Southside Siskiyou Mountain, Oregon. Enclosed letter, datelined Aug 3, 1868, transcribed below:

Datelined: Aug 3, 1868

Mr Byron Cole
Dear Sir:

I send you One hundred & forty two 50/100 dollars which with bill of Cans makes $150 for which I received your note this morning. We will make the cans in a day or two and forward them as directed. We will have to make a cage or house for the mouse as we can find nothing to send in town.

Yours truly
Wm Hoffman

[on verso of letter, written as follows:] I can get you a canary cage for $3.50, a regular squirrel cage with a rolling cylinder will cost four or five dollars. Let me know if you wish either of them.
Hoffman

Western Expresses Alphabetically