Arizona Territory Postal Routes 1866 – 1912

Submitted By: Joe Cody | WCS #1506

///Arizona Territory Postal Routes 1866 – 1912
Arizona Territory Postal Routes 1866 – 1912 2017-09-23T14:52:57+00:00

Arizona Territory Presentation

Arizona Territory Postal Routes 1866 – 1912

POSTAL ROUTES:

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Aripex – 2015 – Mesa Arizona – Vermeil Award

Pioneer Period 1866—1880

Arizona Territory
Postal Routes 1866 – 1912

Ehrenburg, Arizona Territory, to Italy. September 15, 1871

Ehrenburg, Arizona Territory, to Italy. September 15, 1871
East from Ehrenburg through the western desert to Wickenburg, then north through the Bradshaw Mountains to Prescott.
North then east along the Santa Fe Road, crossing the Arizona border into New Mexico Territory and to Santa Fe.
Thence to the New York City post office and by ship to Cavi di Lavagia, Italy

This exhibit displays major and minor postal routes documented by mail carried within the Territory be-tween 1866 and 1912.

Covers going Eastbound, Westbound, Northbound and Southbound over regional routes, local routes, and remote routes to mining camps, ranching areas and military forts are included, indicating the diversities of carrying the mail.

Original research at the U.S. National Archives, the Arizona State Library, Post Office Department maps, vari-ous books, journals, and historic newspapers all provided excellent source material to accurately research this exhibit.

POSTAL ROUTES
I. Arizona Territory Pioneer Period 1866—1880
Westbound regional mail routes
Eastbound regional mail routes
II. Arizona Territory Old West Period 1881—1890
Stagecoach mail routes
Railroad mail routes
III. Arizona Territory Late Territorial period 1891—1912
Stagecoach mail routes
Railroad mail routes

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Yuma, Arizona Territory 1868

Yuma, Arizona Territory 1868

Postal Route

Yuma, Arizona Territory Stage Coach

San Bernardino, California

Los Angeles, California

September 7, 1868

Yuma, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 2

Postmark Census 1 of 20+ known

U.S. Mail Line Company Four-Horse Stagecoach to Los Angeles

Yuma, Arizona Territory 1868
This westbound Yuma cover was conveyed to Los Angeles aboard a US Mail Line Company four-horse stagecoach. The Tucson to Los Angeles postal route contract, with a stop at Yu-ma, was let to Tomlinson and Company of Los Angeles in 1867. San Francisco Carrier arrival postmark September 17, 1868. 10 days travel.

Yuma1868 - Arizona Miner May 18, 1867Arizona Miner (Prescott Arizona) newspaper advertisement, May 18, 1867

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Mohave City, Arizona Territory 1869

Mohave City, Arizona Territory 1869

Postal Route 17209   Train

Mohave City, Arizona Territory

Aubrey, A.T.

Ehrenberg, Arizona Territory

Postal Route distance 140 miles

Postal Route 17212   Train

Ehrenberg, A.T.

San Gorgonia, California

San Bernardino, California

Postal Route distance 175 miles

September 23, 1869

Mohave City, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 1 manuscript

Postmark Census 1 of 15 known

Latest known type 1 manuscript

The First Mails through the Ehrenberg Arizona Territory Post Office

Mohave City, Arizona Territory 1869

The Post Office at the Colorado River port of Ehrenberg was established Monday September 20, 1869. This cover would have arrived in Ehrenberg on the southbound stage from Mohave City on Saturday, September 25th. The first weekly Ehrenberg stage for San Bernardino departed this same Saturday morning. It is proba-ble this cover was carried upon the first Noble & Waters stage from Ehrenberg to San Bernardino.

Yavapai and Mohave County mails for the Eastern States were preferentially routed west through California prior to 1875.

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Grant, Arizona Territory - 1872

Grant, Arizona Territory – 1871

Postal Route 17211

Grant, Arizona Territory

Florence, A.T. 75 miles
McDowell, A.T. 35 miles
Phoenix, A.T. 25 miles

Wickenburg, Arizona Territory 55 miles

Ehrenberg, Arizona Territory 110 miles

Postal Route distance 300 miles

February 18, 1871

Grant, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 1

Postmark Census 1 of 5 known

Westbound Endorsement due to Uncertainty of Postal Route

Grant, Arizona Territory - 1872
Likely endorsed by Postmaster Frederick Austin vertically at left, “Via San Fran co Cala”, due to uncertainty and danger along the shorter and faster postal route through Tucson, this cover travelled west across Arizona Territory to California.

Grant Arizona Territory Postmaster Newton Israel and party had recently been killed by Apache Indians on the postal route between Grant and Tucson. Knowledge of this tragedy by Postmaster Austin is a reasonable assumption why this cover was routed to the more secure but lengthy postal route westbound.

Postal Route 17211 (1870-1874) connected Tucson with Wickenburg via Grant, Florence, McDowell, and Phoenix. Once-per-week service was provided by Block & Helling Company’s 4-mule coach.

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Cerbat, Arizona Territory - 1873

Cerbat, Arizona Territory – 1873

Postal Route 17218

Cerbat, Arizona Territory   Train

Mineral Park, Arizona Territory

Union Pass, A.T.
Newberry, A.T.
Camp Mohave, A.T.

Hardyville, Arizona Territory

Postal Route distance 39 miles

December 30, 1873

Cerbat, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 1 manuscript

Postmark Census 1 of 6 known

 Hardyville Postal Route Improves Service to Northern Arizona

Westbound Regional Postal Route via Hardyville, Arizona Territory

Cerbat, Arizona Territory - 1873
The opening of the westbound via Hardyville postal route #17218 in 1872 was long sought and much appreci-ated by the citizens of Northern Arizona. This route to San Bernardino, CA was longer than the La Paz route through central Arizona but offered better services, forage for animals and secure water sources.

From Cerbat, located in a canyon on the west side of the Cerbat Range, mail passed over a private road cut through the pass to Mineral Park. Here the mail joined the weekly stage west, crossing Sacramento Valley, thence ascending 3,680ft Union Pass westerly until descending into Camp Mohave on the Colorado River.

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Signal City, Arizona Territory - 1878

Signal City, Arizona Territory – 1878

Discontinued Post Office requires Carriage of Mail by Wells Fargo & Co.’s

Postal Route Discontinued November 12, 1878

Signal, Arizona Territory   Stage Coach

Aubrey, Arizona Territory 43 miles   Steam Ship

Ehrenberg, Arizona Territory 75 miles   Stage Coach

Bradshaw Trail to San Gorgonia Pass California

November 14, 1878

Signal City, Arizona Territory

Postmark Meyer N/A

Postmark Census N/A

Signal City, Arizona Territory - 1878

Written 2 days after the closure of the Post Office at Signal, this letter was carried by Wells Fargo & Co.

I send this letter by Express for there is not a P. Office in this county”, John Moore, November 12, 1878 Signal City AT [enclosure].

J. Peck proprietor of the Inland Mail Transportation Co had abandoned his postal route contract between Ehrenberg, Signal and Mineral Park in late September 1878.

Arizona Sentinel Newspaper (Yuma)
Advertisement November 2, 1878

Arizona Sentinel Newspaper (Yuma) Advertisement November 2, 1878

Arizona Sentinel Newspaper (Yuma)
Advertisement November 2, 1878

Kimble Bros Stage Company carried Wells Fargo & Co.’s express between Signal and Aubrey 1878.

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Apache Pass - 1879

Apache Pass – 1879

By Stage to the Terminus of the Southern Pacific Railroad

Postal Route

Apache Pass, Arizona Territory   Stage Coach

Camp Bowie, Arizona Territory

Sulphur Springs
Cienega, A.T.
Tucson, A.T
Picacho Station
BlueWater Station

Terminus, A.T. (near Casa Grande)   Train

Southern Pacific Railroad west

Postal Route distance approximately 180 miles

Southern Pacific Stage Line

November 9, 1879

Apache Pass, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 3

Postmark Census 1 of 3 known

Latest known type 3 postmark

Apache Pass, Arizona Territory - 1879

Construction of the eastbound Southern Pacific Railroad had just passed the town of Casa Grande in Novem-ber 1879. The travelling Post Office, Terminus, offered a point of entry to the new railroad postal route west.

Apache Pass mail via Camp Bowie was routed to Terminus under postal route contract held by The Southern Pacific Mail Line.

Phoenix Herald newspaper November 14, 1879Phoenix Herald newspaper November 14, 1879

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Seymour, Arizona Territory - 1879

Seymour, Arizona Territory – 1879

Carried 45 Miles to the Nearest Post Office

Postal Route

Seymour, Arizona Territory   Stage Coach

Nigger Wells 12 miles
Agua Fria Station 65 miles

Phoenix, Arizona Territory 25 Miles

Maricopa, Arizona Territory 30 miles

Southern Pacific Railroad west 157 miles   Train

Postal Route Distance 289 miles

December 11, 1879

Seymour, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 1

Postmark Census 1 of 2 known

Earliest known postmark from Seymour

Seymour, Arizona Territory - 1879

Seymour Arizona, located on the East bank of the Hassayampa River 10 miles south of Wickenburg, was a short-lived mill town for Vulture Mine ores.

Letter [enclosed] was written by a member of the post road construction crew working near Peeples Valley 45 miles north of Seymour. This new post road bypassed Date Creek and shortened the Prescott to Wicken-burg postal route.

California mails from Seymour were routed south through Phoenix to the new town of Maricopa along the Southern Pacific Railroad. Westbound train for Los Angeles departed Maricopa daily at 7:00AM.

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Prescott, Arizona Territory - 1866

Prescott, Arizona Territory – 1866

“Notorious Mail Mismanagement” and a Lengthy Postal Route

Postal Route contract number 14467a

Prescott, Arizona Territory   Stage Coach

Wickenburg A.T.
Pimos Villages A.T.

Tucson, Arizona Territory

Mesilla, New Mexico Territory

Postal Route distance 493 miles

April 1866

Prescott, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 3

Postmark Census 1 of 6 known

Eastbound Regional Postal Route via Mesilla, New Mexico Territory

Prescott, Arizona Territory - 1866

To the outrage of E.J. Bentley, Editor of The Arizona Minor newspaper in May 1866 mail contractor Samuel J Poston had failed to perform service on the Prescott to Albuquerque route due to notori-ous mail mismanagement. Eastbound Prescott mail is rerouted south 350 miles through the Arizona Territory before exiting East towards Mesilla, N.M.

Mail route 14467a departs Prescott A.T. Monday at 8AM, arrives Tucson Sunday by 8PM. Postal con-tract modified December 14, 1865 extending services from Tucson to Mesilla. Total postal route dis-tance 493 miles.

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Tubac, Arizona Territory - 1867

Tubac, Arizona Territory – 1867

Eastern Mails through Santa Fe via Mesilla, New Mexico

Postal Route contract number 14467a

Tubac, Arizona Territory   Stage Coach

Tucson, Arizona Territory

Dry Camp
La Cienga
Dragoon Springs
Sulphur Springs

Fort Bowie, Arizona Territory

Apache Pass

San Simon, Arizona Territory

Mesilla New Mexico Territory

Postal Route distance 195 miles

November 4, 1867

Tubac, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 1

Postmark Census 1 of 14 known

Tubac, Arizona Territory - 1867
Territory of Arizona 1865 Postal Route

Official Map of the Territory of Arizona 1865 Postal Route marked in Yellow

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Maricopa Wells, Arizona Territory - 1869

Maricopa Wells, Arizona Territory – 1869

 Maricopa Wells at the Crossroads of the Arizona Territory

Postal Route

Maricopa Wells, Arizona Territory   Stage Coach

Tucson, Arizona Territory 90 miles

Mesilla, New Mexico Territory 275 miles

November 5, 1869

Maricopa Wells, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 2

Postmark Census 1 of 18 known

Eastbound Regional Postal Route via Mesilla, New Mexico Territory

Maricopa Wells, Arizona Territory - 1869

From Maricopa Wells central Arizona Territory location, postal routes extended northward to Wickenburg and Prescott, westward to Arizona City (Yuma), and eastward to Tucson.

The eastbound US Mail Line Company stagecoach from San Bernardino via Arizona City carried this cover 90 miles from Maricopa Wells to Tucson. In Tucson, eastbound mails were transferred to a two horse buggy of the Southern Overland US Mail & Express Company for carriage to Mesilla under a New Mexico postal route contract.

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McDowell, Arizona Territory - 1872 - 1877

McDowell, Arizona Territory – 1872 – 1877

 Fort McDowell is Accorded a Direct Postal Route to Maricopa Wells

December 6, 1872

McDowell, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 1

Postmark Census 1 of 6 known

Postal Route

McDowell, Arizona Territory   Stage Coach

Florence, A.T.
Grant, A.T.

Tucson, Arizona Territory

Yuma, Arizona Territory

February 24, 1877

McDowell, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 2

Postmark Census 1 of 17 known

Postal Route

McDowell, Arizona Territory   Stage Coach

Maricopa Wells, Arizona Territory

Tucson, Arizona Territory

Mesilla, New Mexico Territory

McDowell, Arizona Territory - 1872 - 1877

Postal Route 17211 (1870-1874) connected Tucson with Wickenburg via Grant, Florence, McDowell, and Phoenix. Once-per-week service was provided by Block & Helling Company’s 4-mule coach. 1872 cover carried south to Tucson on this route, then west on Southern Overland Mail to Yuma, Arizona Territory.

Circa 1876 postal route to Fort McDowell was changed to a direct southwesterly route 64 miles to Maricopa Wells. This route crossed the Salt River at Whitlow’s Ferry, current McDowell Rd, Mesa Arizona with a stop at Desert Station approxi-mately Gilbert Rd at Baseline Rd.

1877 cover carried to Maricopa Wells on this route, then east to Tucson and onward to Mesilla, New Mexico Territory.

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Parker, Arizona Territory - 1874

Parker, Arizona Territory – 1874

Colorado River Postal Route joins Yuma with Hardyville

Postal Route 40105

Parker, Arizona Territory   Stage Coach

Aubrey, A.T.
Mohave City, A.T.

Hardyville, Arizona Territory

Postal Route distance 150 miles

November 27, 1874

Parker, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 1

Postmark Census 1 of 4 known

Earliest known postmark from Parker

Parker, Arizona Territory - 1874

Establishment of postal route contract 40105 in March 1874 joined the two principle north and south Colorado River ports of Hardyville and Yuma. The postal route followed the eastern shore of the Colorado River the entire 250 mile distance.

Eastbound Parker mails routed north to Hardyville for conveyance west to San Bernardino thence east through Utah.

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Camp Verde, Arizona Territory - 1875

Camp Verde, Arizona Territory – 1875

New Postal Route between Prescott and Santa Fe

Postal Route 40101

Camp Verde, Arizona Territory

Hance’s ranch, Steminers, Spaulding Camp

Prescott, Arizona Territory

Postles Ranch, Santa Fe Road, Bear Springs, Lockwood Springs, Snively’s Holes, Volunteer Springs, Antelope Springs, Cosino Caves, Walnut Tank, Randalville

Postal Route distance 500 miles

October 4, 1875

Camp Verde, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 1 manuscript

Postmark Census 1 of 8 known

Earliest known postmark from Camp Verde

Camp Verde, Arizona Territory - 1875

The fifth and final Arizona Territory regional postal route established during the Pioneer Period connected Prescott with Santa Fe, New Mexico Territory.

The local 45 mile postal route from Camp Verde to Prescott was provided by a Special messenger assigned to the Prescott office. This cover would have arrived at the Prescott Post Office Monday evening October 4, 1875. Eastbound mail via Santa Fe departed Prescott Wednesday morning October 6, 1875 for the 7 1/2 day trip to Santa Fe, New Mexico Territory. The Santa Fe route was contracted to Hayward & Baker spring 1875.

July 23, 1875 Arizona Miner

July 23, 1875 Arizona Miner

1st advertisement of the Santa Fe & Prescott Mail Line July 23, 1875 Arizona Miner (Prescott) newspaper

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Clifton, Arizona Territory - 1876

Clifton, Arizona Territory – 1876

Remote mining town serviced by New Mexico postal route

Postal Route 40115

Clifton, Arizona Territory

Silver City, New Mexico Territory

Postal Route distance 135 miles

June 19, 1876

Clifton, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 1 manuscript

Postmark Census 1 of 3 known

Latest known manuscript postmark

Clifton, Arizona Territory - 1876

Settled in 1872 by miners and prospectors from Silver City, New Mexico Territory, Clifton, Arizona Territory lies upon one of the worlds largest copper deposits. Freight, passengers and mail from Clifton during this pe-riod were conducted east to Silver City N.M, thence to destinations East and West. No other towns with Post Offices were serviced on this two day stagecoach postal route.

The postal route from Clifton Arizona Territory departed Monday at 7:00AM heading southwest along the San Francisco River. At Smugglers Canyon a waterless cutoff was made to join the Gila River road East. Approximately 70 miles from Clifton the New Mexico border was crossed. The postal route then continued gen-erally southeast to Silver City, New Mexico Territory arriving no later than Wednesday by 6:00PM.

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Camp Thomas, Arizona Territory - 1879

Camp Thomas, Arizona Territory – 1879

Seven Days Staging, and Two days by Rail to St. Louis

Postal Route 40148

Camp Thomas, Arizona Territory

Safford, A.T. 23 miles   Stage Coach
Fort Grant, A.T 25 miles

Point of Mountain Station 22 miles

Ewell’s Springs 27 miles
Apache Pass 13 miles
San Simon Station 22 miles

New Mexico Border 15 miles

Postal Route Distance 147 miles

Fort Grant And Camp Thomas Mail Line

Fort Grant And Camp Thomas Mail Line

March 31, 1879

Camp Thomas, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 1

Postmark Census 20+ known

Camp Thomas, Arizona Territory - 1879

Proprietors Norton & Stewart provided triweekly stage and mail line service from Camp Thomas 70 miles south to Point of Mountain Station located 20 miles east of Tucson.

The eastbound mails were transferred to stages of the National Mail and Transportation Company which advertised, “Seven days staging, and two days by rail to St. Louis” via Tucson, Silver City, Mesilla, and Santa Fe connecting to Atchison Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad at Trinidad, Colorado.

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Old West Period 1881-1890

Mineral Park, Arizona Territory - August 9, 1882 PDF Presentation Panel

Mineral Park, Arizona Territory – August 9, 1882 PDF Presentation Panel

Postal Routes 40120 + 40122

Mineral Park, Arizona Territory Stage Coach

Hackberry, Arizona Territory

Cactus Spring, Cottonwood Spring, Anvil Rock, Oaks & Willows

Old Camp Hualapai

Walnut Creek, Lockwood Springs, Snively’s Spring, Volunteer Springs, Antelope Springs, San Francisco Springs, Walnut Tank

Angell Camp

Canyon Diablo Camp

Winslow, Arizona Territory Train

Holbrook, A.T.

New Mexico border

Postal Route distance 325 miles

August 9, 1882

Mineral Park, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 3

Postmark Census 1 of 20+ known

Carried Outside the Mail by Private Conveyance $2.00 Month

Mineral Park, Arizona Territory - August 9, 1882

“The Mail is being carried to Hackberry twice per week by private conveyance & subscription my share is $2.00 per month” Mr. A.L. Brown, Mineral Park Arizona Territory, Aug 9th 1882 [enclosure]

Eastbound postal route met the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad crew at Canyon Diablo then followed the rails 36 miles to Winslow, Arizona Territory where mail bags were transferred to a railroad mail coach for convey-ance east to Santa Fe, NM.

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Simmons, Arizona Territory 1882 PDF Presentation Panel

Simmons, Arizona Territory 1882 PDF Presentation Panel

Postal Route 40140

Simmons, Arizona Territory Stage Coach

American Ranch 12.5 miles

Postal Route distance 12.5 miles

December 22, 1882

Simmons, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 1 Manuscript

Postmark Census 1 of 8 known

Local mail within Williamson Valley Arizona Territory

Simmons, Arizona Territory 18882

Just 23 miles northwest of Prescott, Arizona Territory, Simmons was located on the well-travelled Prescott to Hardyville stagecoach road at the Mint Creek crossing. American Ranch was a stagecoach station located 12.5 miles southeast of Simmons along the same Hardyville road. A Post Office was never established at American Ranch but the location would have been familiar to the mail route contractor.

Williamson Valley postal route serving Juniper, A.T, Simmons, A.T. and Prescott, A.T was performed twice-a-week by wagon. Postal route distance Juniper to Prescott 39 miles.

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Camp Verde, Arizona Territory, 1883 PDF Presentation Panel

Camp Verde, Arizona Territory, 1883 PDF Presentation Panel

Postal Route

Camp Verde, Arizona Territory 10 miles  Stage Coach

Cienega, A.T. 16 miles

Agua Fria Valley, Arizona Territory 18 miles

Prescott, Arizona Territory

Postal Route distance 44 miles

March 22, 1883

Camp Verde, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 4

Postmark Census 1 of 8 known

Registered Mail on the Short Postal Route to Prescott

Camp Verde, Arizona Territory, 1883

Departing Camp Verde the postal route headed west-southwest 10 miles to the stage stop and ranch at Cienega located at the headwaters of Cienega Creek. Post Office established 1877. The postal route then angled northwest 16 miles arriving at Agua Fria Valley which was situated on the Black Canyon stagecoach route from Phoenix. Mail would have been transferred to the northbound Black Canyon stage for the final 18 mile journey to Prescott.

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Springerville, Arizona Territory, 1884 PDF Presentation Panel

Springerville, Arizona Territory, 1884 PDF Presentation Panel

Postal Route

Springerville, Arizona Territory Stage Coach

St. Johns, A.T. 30 miles
Erastus, A.T. 15 miles
Woodruff, A.T. 35 miles

Holbrook, Arizona Territory 13 miles

Atlantic & Pacific Railroad east Train

New Mexico border 80 miles

Postal Route distance 173 miles

February 15, 1884

Springerville, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 2

Postmark Census 1 of 5 known

Pioneer Mormon Family delivers the Mail to Holbrook for 20 Years

Springerville, Arizona Territory, 1884

“The mail was carried by buckboard from the train station in Holbrook to St. Johns, and from there in a two-wheeled cart drawn by one horse from St. Johns to Springerville. Sons Grover, David, John, Levi, Jesse, Gilbert, and Don all drove the mail before they were 16. Wives Ella and Ida cared for the boys and tended the horses.” David King Udall (1851-1938) Arizona Pioneer Mormon; ARIZONA SILHOUETTES TUCSON, ARIZONA 1959.

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Gillett 1885 - Mayer 1884 PDF Presentation Panel

Gillett 1885 – Mayer 1884 PDF Presentation Panel

Black Canyon Stage route connects Prescott with Phoenix

March 2, 1885

Gillett, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 1

Postmark Census 1 of 11 known

Latest Known Type 1 postmark date

Postal Route Stage Coach

Prescott, Arizona Territory

Agua Fria Valley, Arizona Territory

Big Bug, Arizona Territory

Mayer, Arizona Territory

Bumble Bee, Arizona Territory

Gillett, Arizona Territory

Phoenix, Arizona Territory

Postal Route distance 113 miles

April 8, 1884

Mayer, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type A Manuscript

Postmark Census 1 of 4 known

Gillett 1885 - Mayer 1884

The fastest route between Prescott and Phoenix was the Black Canyon Stage. Beset with difficult mountain terrain and notorious for stagecoach robberies, the route served an important mining district.

Mayer, Arizona Territory cover carried on northbound Black Canyon stage to Prescott, then north to Ash Fork. Distance 90 miles. Atlantic & Pacific Railroad East.

Gillette, Arizona territory cover carried on southbound Black Canyon stage to Phoenix then south to Maricopa. Distance 75 miles. Southern Pacific Railroad West.

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Contention, Arizona Territory,1884 - PDF Presentation Panel

Contention, Arizona Territory,1884 – PDF Presentation Panel

Last Mail from Contention Arizona Territory

Postal Route 40002

Contention, Arizona Territory

New Mexico & Arizona Railroad north  Train

Canisteo Junction 7 miles

Benson, Arizona Territory 8 miles

Southern Pacific Railroad east  Train

Wilcox, AT 40 miles
Teviston, AT 24 miles
San Simon, AT 16 miles

New Mexico border 10 miles

Postal Route distance 105 miles

November 9, 1884

Contention, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 2

Postmark Census 1 of 5 known

Latest known postmark from Contention Arizona

Contention, Arizona Territory,1884

Mail service from Contention Arizona Territory upon the New Mexico & Arizona Railroad commenced No-vember 11, 1882. This route existed less than two years. This latest known cover from Contention Arizona travelled the northbound train to Benson. It departed Contention at 7:22AM arriving Benson 7:57AM.

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Tip Top, Arizona Territory, 1886 - PDF Presentation Panel

Tip Top, Arizona Territory, 1886 – PDF Presentation Panel

By Horse, Burro and Buckboard

Postal Route 40124

Tip Top, Arizona Territory  Horseback

Gillett, Arizona Territory 9 miles

Phoenix, Arizona Territory 45 miles

Maricopa, Arizona Territory 30 miles  Train

Southern Pacific Railroad east

New Mexico border 257 miles

Postal Route distance 341 miles

January 21, 1886

Tip Top, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 2

Postmark Census 1 of 10 known

Latest Known Type 2 postmark from Tip Top

Tip Top, Arizona Territory, 1886

Teenager Ocsar Wager carried mail between Tip Top and Gillett three times a week by horse, burro and buck-board.
At Gillett, Arizona Territory, mail from Tip Top was transferred to the daily southbound Black Canyon Stage to Phoenix and thence to Maricopa. Postal route mail contract with the Arizona Stage Company of Prescott.

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San Carlos, Arizona Territory, 1886 - PDF Presentation Panel

San Carlos, Arizona Territory, 1886 – PDF Presentation Panel

Mis-Directed Mail to General B.H. Grierson
Commander of the District of Arizona

Postal Routes

San Carlos, Arizona Territory 35 miles  Stage Coach

Ft. Thomas, A.T. 16 miles
Pima, A.T 14 miles
Safford, A.T. 9 miles
Solomonsville, A.T. 6 miles

Teviston, Arizona Territory 37 miles  Train

Southern Pacific Railroad east to Ft Bayard New Mexico

Southern Pacific Railroad west to Willcox A.T.

Ft. Grant, Arizona Territory 25 miles  Stage Coach

Willcox, Arizona Territory

Southern Pacific Railroad west to Maricopa A.T.  Train

Phoenix, A.T.  Stage Coach

Prescott, Arizona Territory

June 7, 1886

San Carlos, Arizona TerritoryGeneral B H Grierson

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 2

Postmark Census 1 of 2 known

Latest known use of type 2 postmark

San Carlos, Arizona Territory, 1886

On May 10, 1886 General Grierson received Field Order 29 ordering him to Ft. Bayard, New Mexico Territory for ’…the trial of court marshals that may be brought before it’. This letter attempted to reach him there but he was already enroute to Mohave County Arizona, Territory. On June 22, 1886 General Grierson sent a tele-graph to Govenor Zulick that there was no danger of an outbreak from the Walapai Indians of Mohave county.

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Old Grizzly Placerita Camp, Antelope Valley, 1887 - PDF Presentation Panel

Old Grizzly Placerita Camp, Antelope Valley, 1887 – PDF Presentation Panel

How to Send Mail from the New Gold Diggings at Placerita Camp

Postal Routes

Old Grizzly Placerita Camp 

Antelope Valley, Arizona Territory  Train

Skull Valley A.T. 18 miles

Prescott, Arizona Territory 18 miles

Chino A.T 23 miles

Ash Fork, Arizona Territory 35 miles  Train

New Mexico border 229 miles

Postal Route distance 323 miles

February 4, 1887

Antelope Valley, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 2

Postmark Census 1 of 10 known

Old Grizzly Placerita Camp, Antelope Valley, 1887

The Placerita Gold Diggings were discovered and claimed by A.J. ‘Old Grizzly’ Callen circa 1886. The nearest Post Office, located approximately 8 miles away at Antelope Valley, allowed trice weekly mails to Prescott or Wickenburg.

Placerita Camp postal route by foot, mule or horse to Antelope Valley Post Office. Stagecoach from Antelope Valley via Prescott to Ash Fork, thence eastbound on Atlantic & Pacific Railroad mail coach to Santa Fe, New Mexico Territory.

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Cottonwood 1887 - PDF Presentation Panel

Cottonwood 1887 – PDF Presentation Panel

Geological Impasse Requires Five Days to Travel 30 Miles

Cottonwood 1887

The great Mogollon Rim escarpment North and East of Cottonwood hindered travel the short 30 mile distance to Flagstaff.

The established postal route 24 miles southeast at Camp Verde provided access to the primary North – South postal route through Prescott. Twice a week stagecoach postal route from Cottonwood to Camp Verde. Transit postmark December 14, 1887. 128 miles by stagecoach to Seligman Fork where transit East 53 miles to Flagstaff provided aboard Santa Fe Railroad mail coach. Arrival postmark Flagstaff December 17, 1887.

Cottonwood Camp Verde Transit December 14 Stamp

Camp Verde transit December 14

Cottonwood Flagstaff Arrival December 17 Stamp

Flagstaff Arrival December 17

Postal Route #1

Cottonwood

Cornville 7 miles
Aultman 7 miles

Camp Verde 10 miles

Postal Route #2

Camp Verde

Cherry 15 miles
Agua Fria Valley 15 miles

Prescott A.T 16 miles

Postal Route #3

Prescott

Whipple 4 miles
Clearwater 23 miles

Seligman 35 miles

Postal Route #4

Ash Fork

Williams 23 miles
Chalender 10 miles

Flagstaff 20 miles

Total Postal Route distance 181 miles

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Tonto, Arizona Territory, 1888- PDF Presentation Panel

Tonto, Arizona Territory, 1888- PDF Presentation Panel

Rain & Snow delays the mail between Payson and Globe at Tonto Creek

Postal Route 68129

Tonto, Arizona Territory  Train

Armer, A.T 35 miles
Catalpa, A.T. 3 miles

Globe, Arizona Territory 32 miles

Dripping Springs, A.T. 24 miles
Riverside, A.T. 12 miles
Butte, A.T. 16 miles

Florence, Arizona Territory 16 miles

Casa Grande, Arizona Territory 30 miles

Southern Pacific Railroad west  Train

Yuma, Arizona Territory 177 miles

Postal Route distance 345 miles

January 6, 1888

Tonto, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 2

Postmark Census 1 of 5 known

Latest known Type 2 postmark date

Tonto, Arizona Territory, 1888

“I have missed every chance of writing when the mail was going out until today & it seemed almost impossible to go to meet the mail today. It has been raining and snowing more or less for the last few days & has been raining all morning & it is eight miles to the Post Office.”, Ransom B Moore January 6, 1888 [enclosure]

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Bisbee, Arizona Territory, 1888 - PDF Presentation Panel

Bisbee, Arizona Territory, 1888 – PDF Presentation Panel

6:00am Bradshaw Stage Line from Bisbee, Arizona Territory

Postal Route

Bisbee, A.T.  Train

Charleston, A.T.

Tombstone, A.T

Postal Route distance 40 miles

March 21, 1888

Bisbee, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 4

Postmark Census 1 of 9 known

Earliest known type 4 postmark from Bisbee

Bisbee, Arizona Territory, 1888

The daily stage from Bisbee to Tombstone left early in the morning. The 6:00am stage carried passengers, express and mails. This cover was received by the Tombstone Post Office around 11:00am March 21st and was backstamped with this date.
By 1888 the postal route through the Mule Pass Mountains to Tombstone had been abandoned. Postal route west then north through Charleston, then northeast to Tombstone.

Bisbee Tombstone Received March 21 1888Bisbee Tombstone Received March 21 1888

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Payson, Arizona Territory, 1888 - PDF Presentation Panel

Payson, Arizona Territory, 1888 – PDF Presentation Panel

Payson Pony Route to Camp Verde

Postal Route

Payson, Arizona Territory   Horseback

Pine, Arizona Territory 20 miles
Strawberry, Arizona Territory 7 miles

Camp Verde, Arizona Territory 40 miles   Stage Coach

Prescott, Arizona Territory 44 miles   Train

Seligman, Arizona Territory 74 miles

California border 110 miles

Postal Route distance 295 miles

May 11, 1888

Payson, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 2

Postmark Census 1 of 11 known

Payson, Arizona Territory, 1888

Westbound mails from Payson were carried on horseback to Camp Verde on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fri-days. The 67 mile postal route was completed the same day.

Cover postmarked Payson Friday, May 11, 1888. Received Camp Verde Monday May 14, 1888. Plausible ex-planations for three day delay is mail missed the morning despatch from Payson and was carried on Monday or mail was carried Friday and sorting occurred Monday morning in Camp Verde.

Payson Camp Verde Backstamp Postmark May 14 1888Payson Camp Verde Backstamp Postmark May 14 1888

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Wilgus, Arizona Territory, 1889 - PDF Presentation Panel

Wilgus, Arizona Territory, 1889 – PDF Presentation Panel

Utah Mails Routed through California for Speed and Convenience

Postal Route

Wilgus, Arizona Territory   Stage Coach

Brannock, Arizona Territory 10 miles
Fort Bowie, Arizona Territory 15 miles

Teviston, Arizona Territory 14 miles

Southern Pacific Railroad west   Train

California border 345 miles

Postal Route distance 384 miles

March 3, 1889

Wilgus, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 1

Postmark Census 1 of 2 known

Wilgus, Arizona Territory, 1889

Wilgus, Arizona Territory, Cochise County, was located along Turkey Creek on the western slope of the Chiri-cahua Mountains. Town previously known as Aztec, Arizona Territory.

Postal routes between Arizona and Utah were local only, the region being remote and sparsely populated. Arizona mails to populated central Utah were routed west through California using the speed and conven-ience of the railroads.

Twenty-five mile Wilgus to Fort Bowie postal route once per week. Fort Bowie to Teviston postal route service six-times-a-week.

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Vekol, Arizona Territory, 1889 - PDF Presentation Panel

Vekol, Arizona Territory, 1889 – PDF Presentation Panel

Remote Pinal County Silver Mine Postal Route to Casa Grande

Postal Route

Vekol, Arizona Territory   Stage Coach

Orizaba, A.T. 10 miles

Casa Grande, Arizona Territory 25 miles

Southern Pacific Railroad east   Train

New Mexico border 208 miles

Postal Route distance 243 miles

December 30, 1889

Vekol, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 1

Postmark Census 1 of 8 known

Vekol, Arizona Territory, 1889

In the late 1800s, The Vekol Mine silver mine averaged an output of $16,000 per month for 31 straight months and produced millions of dollars in ore during its heyday.

In 1888, the Pinal County supervisors voted to extend a road south to the Vekol Mine. This road became the postal route between Vekol and Casa Grande.

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Quijotoa, Arizona Territory, 1890 - PDF Presentation Panel

Quijotoa, Arizona Territory, 1890 – PDF Presentation Panel

Stagecoach Mail through the Sonoran Desert Summer

Postal Route 68166

Quijotoa, Arizona Territory   Stage Coach

Haynes’ Well 18 miles
Quinlin’s Station 12 miles
Half Way House Station 8 miles
Bowley Station 11 miles
Aguirre’s Dry Camp 14 miles

Tucson, Arizona Territory 13 miles   Train

New Mexico Territory border 140 miles

Arizona Territory Postal Route distance 216 miles

July 15, 1890

Quijotoa, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 3

Postmark Census 1 of 4 known

Earliest known Type 3 postmark date

Quijotoa, Arizona Territory, 1890

The Quijotoa postal route to Tucson was the longest and harshest in Southern Arizona in 1890. The 76 mile route traversed waterless valleys of the lower Sonoran Desert, home to peaceful Papago Indians. July tem-peratures often exceed 105F.

Trice weekly mail service by stage from Quijotoa to Tucson provided by Pedro Aguirre & Co. This cover was postmarked Tuesday morning July 15, 1890 prior to departure of the 9:00 AM Tucson stage.

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Late Territorial Period 1891—1912

Nogales, Arizona Territory - 1891

Nogales, Arizona Territory – 1891

Postal Routes 40001 + 40002

Nogales, Arizona Territory New Mexico and Arizona Railroad   Train

Calabasas, A.T. 10 miles
Crittenden, A.T. 22 miles

Fairbank, Arizona Territory 40 miles Arizona and Southeastern Railroad

Contention, A.T. 3 miles
Saint David, A.T. 6 miles

Benson, Arizona Territory 6 miles Southern Pacific Railroad

Dragoon, A.T. 19 miles
Cochise, A.T. 10 miles
Willcox, A.T. 10 miles
Teviston, A.T. 24 miles
San Simon, A.T. 14 miles

New Mexico border 10 miles

Postal Route distance 134 miles

June 30, 1891

Nogales, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 8

Postmark Census 1 of 13 known

Three Railroads and no Stagecoaches

Nogales, Arizona Territory - 1891

Carried entirely aboard three railroad mail coaches. The old stagecoach postal routes were rapidly diminishing in the 1890’s. This postal route required mail sack transfers between three separate railroads in Southern Arizona.

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Cline, Arizona Territory - 1892

Cline, Arizona Territory – 1892

Postal Route 68129

Cline, Arizona Territory   Stage Coach

Reno A.T. 8 miles
Armer A.T. 22 miles

Globe, Arizona Territory 37 miles

Riverside A.T. 35 miles

Florence Arizona Territory 32 miles

Casa Grande Arizona Territory 30 miles

Southern Pacific Railroad east   Train

New Mexico border 200 miles

Post Route Distance 332 miles

March 20, 1892

Cline, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 1

Postmark Census 1 of 2 known

Earliest known postmark from Cline

Tonto Basin Cattle Ranch Mail Routed to the Closest Rail Depot

Cline, Arizona Territory - 1892

The Postal Route through Tonto Basin joined Payson and Globe, a distance of 85 miles. The Cline Post Office served the Bouquet Ranch founded by Charles Bouquet Cline.

Cline mail to the Eastern states travelled south 67 miles on the trice-weekly stage to Globe. At Globe, mails were transferred to postal route contractor Arizona Stage Company stagecoach for carriage to the railroad depot at Casa Grande. Three day transit from Cline to Casa Grande. Southern Pacific Railroad east to New Mexico via Tucson

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Phoenix, Arizona Territory - 1897

Phoenix, Arizona Territory – 1897

Spectacles cross the Arizona Territory upon 6 Different Railroads

Phoenix, Arizona Territory - 1897

Dates of possible use October 16, 1894 earliest known use 4 cent Lincoln stamp (Sc. 254) to July 28, 1897 business name change to H.F. Vantilburg Co

From Chicago this spectacles case entered the Arizona Territory on the westbound Santa Fe Railroad, disembarking with the Phoenix mails at Ash Fork. The Santa Fe, Prescott & Phoenix Railroad carried the case to Phoenix and its destination Vantilburg & Davidson 33 W. Washington St. This optical company then reversed and addressed the lid and mailed the case to Lochiel, Ariz. From Phoenix, the Maricopa & Phoenix Railroad provided closed bag mail service to the main line at Maricopa. From Maricopa the eastbound mail was placed on a Southern Pacific Railroad mail coach for Benson. This spectacles case, and other mails, were transferred to the Arizona and Southeastern Railroad in Benson for the short trip to Fairbank. Once again the mails were transferred to a different railroad, the sixth, The New Mexico and Arizona. 40 miles east of Fairbank this spectacles case and other mails were unloaded from the mail coach at Crittenden for the 26 mile stagecoach postal route #68180 south to it’s addressee in Lochiel Arizona Territory on the US-Mexico border.

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Skull Valley - 1895

Skull Valley – 1895

Postal Route

Skull Valley, Arizona Territory   Train

Prescott A.T. 22 miles   Stage Coach

Chaparral A.T. 15 miles

Postal Route distance 37 miles

January 24, 1895

Skull Valley, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 2

Postmark Census 1 of 4 known

Latest known Type 2 postmark from Skull Valley

Bradshaw Mountain Mail to the Mining Camps at Chaparral Gulch

Skull Valley, Arizona Territory - 1895

Skull Valley was the final stop before Prescott on the daily northbound Santa Fe Prescott and Phoenix rail-road. Upon arrival in Prescott, the southbound mails for Chaparral, Big Bug, Mayer and others would have waited for the now auxiliary trice-weekly Black Canyon Stage postal route.

1895 Postal Route Map, Post Office Dept.

1895 Postal Route Map, Post Office Dept.

Skull Valley Arizona Post Office was located inside this train station

Skull Valley Arizona Post Office was located inside this train station

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Ellison, Arizona Territory - 1897

Ellison, Arizona Territory – 1897

Postal Route 16109

Ellison, Arizona Territory   Stage Coach

Young, Arizona Territory 12 miles

Gisela A.T. 25 miles

Payson, Arizona Territory 12 miles

Oxbow A.T. 5 miles
Rye A.T. 5 miles
Tonto A.T. 15 miles
Cline A.T. 12 miles
Livingston A.T. 28 miles

Globe, Arizona Territory 27 miles

Postal Route distance 136 miles

September 22, 1897

Ellison, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 1 manuscript

Postmark Census 1 of 5 known

Ellison, Arizona Territory - 1897

Ellison was served by a 12 mile Special Supply Mail Route messenger from Young, Arizona Territory in consequence of not being directly on a mail route.

12 mile Special Supply Mail Route

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Winslow, Arizona Territory - 1898

Winslow, Arizona Territory – 1898

Drop Letter Postal Route

August 14, 1898

Winslow, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 12

Postmark Census 1 of 16 known

Winslow, Arizona Territory - 1898

A Drop Letter is mailed at a Post Office and either kept for general delivery, or delivered to a post office box, at that same post office. This Winslow, Arizona Territory drop letter was delivered to Post Office Box 1202.

Winslow Ariz. Saturday August 14, 1898 Backstamp

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Fredonia, Arizona Territory - 1902

Fredonia, Arizona Territory – 1902

Longest Stagecoach Postal Route Late Territorial Period

Postal Route 68103

Fredonia, Arizona Territory

Kanab, Utah 8 miles
Johnson, Utah 14 miles
Lee’s Ferry, A.T. 76 miles
Tuba, A.T. 80 miles

Flagstaff, Arizona Territory 95 miles

Postal Route distance 273 miles

March 25, 1902

Fredonia, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 1

Postmark Census 1 of 5 known

Latest known use of type 1 postmark

Fredonia, Arizona Territory - 1902

Fredonia Arizona is located within the Arizona Strip north of the Colorado River and south of Utah. Then as now, all transportation routes into the area must deviate widely around the Grand Canyon. This natural won-der, and sparse population in the region, account for the long length and low frequency of this remote postal route.

Depart Fredonia Tuesday March 25, transit Lee’s Ferry Wednesday March 27, Arrive Tuba Friday March 28, Depart Tuba Monday March 31, Arrive Flagstaff Wednesday April 2, 1902. Eight day transit, 273 miles.

Flagstaff Ariz. April 2, 1902 10AM Received Postmark

Flagstaff Ariz. April 2, 1902 10AM Received Postmark

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Crown King, Arizona Territory - 1905

Crown King, Arizona Territory – 1905

Frank Murphy’s Impossible Railroad

Postal Route 168013

Crown King, Arizona Territory   Train

Middelton A.T. 15.5 miles
Turkey A.T. 3 miles
Mayer A.T. 12 miles
Valverde A.T. 9 miles
Blanchard A.T. 2 miles
Dewey A.T. 2.75 miles

Prescott, Arizona Territory 21 miles

Postal Route

October 9, 1905

Prescott & Crown King R.P.O.

Postmark Towle type 12-b-1

Crown King, Arizona Territory - 1905

The Prescott & Crown King Railroad earned its colloquial name ‘Frank Murphy’s Impossible Railroad’ from the fact that Crown King is 3,000 feet higher than Mayer and the terrain between the two places is very steep. It’s this fact that caused naysayers to believe that the two towns could not be linked by rail. In all, the railroad required five switchbacks, a tunnel and extremely high trestles to make the ascent to Crown King.

This cover is addressed to Prescott, the northern terminus of the railroad, however it was routed south to Crown King the southern terminus. From Crown King the cover traveled north the entire 65.25 mile length of the railroad to Prescott.

Prescott Receiver type 31 New latest known date of use October 9, 1905

Prescott Receiver type 31
New latest known date of use
October 9, 1905

Crown King Railroad

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Supai, Arizona Territory - 1904

Supai, Arizona Territory – 1904

Mule Train Postal Route from the Bottom of the Grand Canyon

Postal Route 68203

Supai, Arizona Territory   Mule Train

Grand Canyon, A.T. 47.5 miles

Grand Canyon Railroad south  Train

Williams, Arizona Territory 64.5 miles

Atchison Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad east

New Mexico border, 207 miles

May 4, 1904

Supai, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 2

Postmark Census 1 of 3 known

Supai, Arizona Territory - 1904

From 1897 to the present, mail to and from the Supai Arizona Post Office has been carried by mule train from the floor of the Grand Canyon to the Grand Canyon Village Post office on the South Rim.

Mule Train - Grand Canyon
Mule Train

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Naco, Arizona Territory - 1907

Naco, Arizona Territory – 1907

International Postal Route connects with Railroad at Naco Arizona Territory

Postal Route 688156

Naco, Arizona Territory   Train

El Paso & Southwestern Railroad

Naco Junction 4.5 miles

Fairbank, Arizona Territory 36 miles

Benson, Arizona Territory 6 miles

Southern Pacific Railroad

Dragoon, A.T. 19 miles
Willcox, A.T. 10 miles
Teviston, A.T. 24 miles
San Simon, A.T. 14 miles

New Mexico border 10 miles

Postal Route distance 142.5 miles

August 5, 1907

Naco, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 4 Registered

Postmark Census 1 of 3 known

Naco, Arizona Territory - 1907

The Cananea (Sonora, Mexico) Consolidated Copper Company Railroad connected with the El Paso & Southwestern Railroad at the Arizona Territory border town of Naco. Postal route north 47 miles to the Southern Pacific main line at Benson then 96 miles east across the New Mexico border.

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Whiteriver, Arizona Territory - 1905

Whiteriver, Arizona Territory – 1905

Apache County Arizona Territory Postal Route through New Mexico

January 19, 1905 Whiteriver, Arizona Territory, Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 2, Postmark census 1 of 4 known

Postal Route 68135

Whiteriver, Arizona Territory   Stage Coach

Pinetop A.T, 27 miles
Showlow A.T. 12 miles
Adair A.T. 3 miles
Shumway A.T. 12 miles
Taylor A.T. 4 miles
Snowflake A.T. 3 miles

Holbrook, Arizona Territory 30 miles

Postal Route distance 91 miles

Postal Route

Holbrook, Arizona Territory   Train

Adamana, A.T. 20 miles
Pinto, A.T. 13 miles
Navajo, A.T. 7 miles
Houck, A.T. 26 miles
Manuelito, N.M.T. 13 miles

Gallup, New Mexico Territory 29 miles

Postal Route distance 108 miles

Postal Route

Gallup, New Mexico Territory   Stage Coach

Saint Michaels, A.T. 26 Miles

Fort Defiance, Arizona Territory 8 miles

Postal Route distance 34 miles

Whiteriver, Arizona Territory - 1905

Postal Route 68135 connected most major towns in Navajo County with the railroad depot in Holbrook. The daily mail stage provided two day service the 91 miles between Whitewater and Holbrook. At Holbrook the cover was placed aboard an Atchison Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad mail coach for Gallup, New Mexico, 108 miles east. The cover arrived at Gallup the following morning. The cover was finally transferred to a stagecoach for the short stagecoach postal route into Apache County Arizona Territory and delivery at Fort Defiance.

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Basin, Arizona Territory - 1905

Basin, Arizona Territory – 1905

Gold Mine Mail Delivered to the End of a Remote Postal Route

Postal Route

Atchison Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad east   Train

Mellen A.T.
Yucca Station 25 miles
Kingman A.T. 25 miles

Hackberry, Arizona Territory 27 miles   Stage Coach

Basin, Arizona Territory 44 miles

Postal Route distance 121 miles

March 13, 1905

Basin, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 1

Postmark Census 1 of 4 known

Basin, Arizona Territory - 1905

The Basin Arizona Territory Post office provided mail services to the El Dorado and Cyclopic gold mines of Mohave County. The 44 mile postal route from Hackberry was run twice-a-week to Basin by stagecoach.

Basin Handstamp 1905

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Morenci, Arizona Territory - 1911

Morenci, Arizona Territory – 1911

The Cork Screw Railroad of Arizona

Postal Route 168021

Morenci, Arizona Territory   Train

Morenci Southern Railroad

Guthrie, Arizona Territory 18 miles

Arizona & New Mexico Railroad

Lordsburg, New Mexico Territory 60 miles

Southern Pacific Railroad west

Tucson, Arizona Territory 155 miles

December 9, 1911

Morenci, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 8

Postmark Census 1 of 20+ known

Latest known Territorial postmark from Morenci

Morenci, Arizona Territory - 1911

The most distinguishing feature of the Morenci Southern was a series of five loops used to negotiate the Morenci Gulch. The first loop was at Morenci, which was followed by three loops in the canyon constructed in part with wood trestles, the final loop incorporated one of tunnels by the San Francisco River.

Steam Train

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Payson, Arizona Territory - 1911

Payson, Arizona Territory – 1911

Mr. Tuffy Peach and the Last Pony Mail Route in Arizona Territory

Postal Route

Payson, Arizona Territory   Horseback

Pine, A.T. 14 miles
Strawberry, A.T. 5 miles

Camp Verde, Arizona Territory 28 miles

Postal Route distance 47 miles

Mr. Tuffy Peach

December 21, 1911

Payson, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 6

Postmark Census 1 of 16 known

Latest known Territorial postmark from Payson.

Payson, Arizona Territory - 1911

Westbound mail to and from Payson was carried on horseback to Camp Verde until 1914, the trail too steep and narrow for wheeled vehicles. The last Pony Rider to service this postal route was Mr. Tuffy Peach. The post-al route frequency was six days a week with Mondays off. Two fresh horses were exchanged along the route.

From Payson the postal route trail followed Sycamore Creek 14 miles, crossing several times, to Pine. From Pine the trail passed under Milk Ranch Point then up Strawberry Hollow 5 miles to Strawberry. From Strawberry the trail went around Nash Point then followed Fossil Creek to The Corral, a horse exchange point. The trail continued up the very steep Mud Tank Canyon to the top of the mesa, past Wingfield Mesa, through Clear Creek, across the Verde River into Camp Verde.

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1Hot Springs, Arizona Territory - 1912

1Hot Springs, Arizona Territory – 1912

Resort Souvenirs from the End of the Territorial Period

Postal Route distance 305 miles

Hot Springs, Arizona Territory

Morristown, Arizona Territory 18 miles

Santa Fe Prescott & Phoenix Railroad south

Nada, A.T.
Beardsley, A.T.
Peoria, A.T.
Glendale, A.T.

Phoenix, Arizona Territory

Maricopa & Phoenix Railroad

Maricopa, Arizona Territory

Southern Pacific Railroad east

February 5, 1912

Hot Springs, Arizona Territory

Postmark Pitzer-Meyer Type 4

Postmark Census 1 of 20+ known

Latest known Territorial postmark from Hot Springs

Hot Springs, Arizona Territory - 1912

Postmarked one week prior to Arizona statehood, Castle Hot Springs was an international tourist destination. Tourists and mail, road the Castle Hot Springs stage (shown on postcard) 18 miles to Hot Springs Junction. Postal route south through Phoenix to the Southern Pacific railroad at Maricopa for mail coach transit east.

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