Select Chapter – Appendix
James Gadsden, Diplomat and Soldier, 1788-1858
- Born in South Carolina
- Received degree from Yale College in 1806
- Rose to rank of Colonel in U.S. Army, 1812-23
- President of South Carolina Railroad, 1840-50
- Appointed Minister to Mexico and negotiated the Gadsden Purchase in 1853
To convey mails from New Orleans, by Minatitlan, Suchil, Ventosa, and Acapulco, to San Francisco, twice a month, and back, in safe and substantial steamers between New Orleans and Minatitlan; in safe and substantial river steamers between Minatitlan and Suchil, and in post coaches or good covered spring wagons between Suchil and the Pacific; the residue of the route to San Francisco in steamers, the pay to be at the rate of $286,000 per annum, with the understanding that the mails may be exchanged with the line between Panama and San Francisco, at or near Acapulco, without change of pay; and with the further understanding that the mails may be exchanged with the aforesaid line at Ventosa, or other port within a short distance of that place, at the annual compensation of $250,000. Service to commence at any time between the first day of October and the first day of November, 1858, and to terminate on the thirtieth day of September, 1859. Each trip to be performed in fifteen days.
The Quaker City forms the first link of the Pacific connection with New Orleans, departing from our wharves regularly on the 12th and 27th of each month. At Minatitlan, the iron steamer Suchil takes its mails and passengers up the Coatzacoalcos to Suchil, eighty-seven miles. From Suchil the trip is made by stages overland, a distance of one hundred and twelve miles, to Ventosa, on the Pacific…The steamer Oregon, on Pacific side of the Isthmus, leaves Ventosa on the 30th inst., with the passengers and mails of the Quaker City, for Acapulco, distant thirty-six hours, where steamers of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company coal. Here a connection is formed with the vessels of that line, which perform the service of the Tehuantepec Company from Acapulco to San Francisco.
The steamer Quaker City left New Orleans at 8 o’clock A.M. the 27th October, with mail and passengers, and arrived at Minatitlan at 10 o’clock A.M. on the 30th October. Steamer Suchil left Minatitlan at 1 o’clock P.M. same day, and arrived at Suchil at 10 o’clock A.M. on the 31st of October. Left Suchil overland, at 12 o’clock same day; arrived at the pass Nisi Conejo at 12 o’clock A.M. 1st of November. At 3 o’clock left pass Nisi Conejo, and arrived at San Jeronimo at 2 o’clock A.M., 2nd November; started from there at 7 o’clock A.M., same day, and arrived at Tehuantepec at half-past 12 o’clock P.M. Same day left for Ventosa at 4 o’clock, and arrived at the latter place at 7 P.M., making time as follows:
|New Orleans to Minatitlan ……………||71 hours|
|Minatitlan to Suchil ……………………..||21 “|
|Suchil to Ventosa …………………………||55 “|
|Or 6 days and 3 hours|
Editor Alta: As a matter of public information and general interest, will you please announce in your paper that hereafter I shall dispatch from this office on the 5th and 20th of each month a mail VIA TEHUANTEPEC TO NEW ORLEANS. I am directed by the Postmaster General to request writers of letters destined to places in the Atlantic States, to indorse thereon the route by which they wish them sent, to wit:
“VIA LOS ANGELES OVERLAND”
“VIA SALT LAKE OVERLAND”
Letters with no such endorsement upon them and all newspapers will be sent “Via Panama”. Three cents will pay the postage on a single letter “Via Overland” as far as Chicago, Ills. and Cincinnati, Ohio. Beyond those points the postage will be 10 cents. Newspapers throughout the state will do the public a favor by inserting this in their columns.
C.L. WELLER, P.M.
Select Chapter – Appendix