Mails of the Westward Expansion, 1803 to 1861 – References

////Mails of the Westward Expansion, 1803 to 1861 – References
Mails of the Westward Expansion, 1803 to 1861 – References 2017-07-10T19:05:06+00:00

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References

Chapter 1

  1. Website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louisiana_Purchase
  2. Website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Texas_Annexation
  3. Website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_Gold_Rush
  4. Website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mormon_pioneers
  5. John D. Unruh, The Plains Across: The Overland Emigrants and the Trans-Mississippi West, 1840-60, (University of Illinois Press, 1979), pages 119-120.
  6. Fred Gowans, Rocky Mountain Rendezvous: A History of the Fur Trade Rendezvous 1825-1840, (Layton UT, Gibbs Smith, 2005).
  7. O. Ned Eddins, “Mountain Men Indian Fur Trade History,” website: http://thefurtrapper.com/home/american-fur-trade-3/
  8. LeRoy Hafen, editor, Mountain Men & Fur Traders of the Far West, (University of Nebraska Press, 1982).
  9. John E. Sunder, Bill Sublette: Mountain Man, (Norman OK, Univ. of Oklahoma Press, 1959).
  10. John B. Wyeth and John K. Townsend, Early Western Travels: Oregon; or a Short History of a Long Journey from the Atlantic Ocean to the Region of the Pacific by Land; Narrative of a Journey across the Rocky Mountains to the Columbia River, (Cleveland OH, Arthur H. Clark Company, 1905).
  11. Nathaniel Jarvis Wyeth, The Correspondence and Journals of Captain Nathaniel J. Wyeth, 1831-6, (General Books LLC, 2009).

Chapter 2

  1. David New, Private Bateman Goes to War, (published by the author, 2012).
  2. David New, Tales of the Trail: Mexican War 1846-1849, (published by the author, 2013).
  3. January 27-29, 2010 Spink auction of the Floyd Risvold collection.

Chapter 3

  1. Holman, Dr. John McLoughlin, the Father of Oregon, page 61
  2. On to Oregon: The Diaries of Mary Walker and Myra Eells, page 286
  3. Autobiography of Roderick Finlayson in The Washington Historian
  4. “The Journal of Henry Bridgeman Brewer, September 3, 1839 to February 13, 1843 (Ye Galleon Press, 1986)”

Chapter 4

  1. David J. Weber, The Mexican Frontier, 1821-1846. The American Southwest Under Mexico, Univ. of New Mexico Press, 1982, page 180.
  2. John D. Unruh, The Plains Across: The Overland Emigrants and the Trans-Mississippi West, 1840-60, University of Illinois Press, 1979, pages 119-120.
  3. Hubert H. Bancroft, The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft, History of California Vol. IV, 1840-45, page 588.
  4. Richard Frajola and Floyd Risvold, “Kearny’s California Mail Route,” Chronicle 225, Vol. 62, No. 1, February 2010, pages 57-58.
  5. 31st Congress, House of Reps., Ex. Doc. No. 18, “Message from the President of the United States: communicating information …,” page 614
  6. Hubert H. Bancroft, History of California, Volume 21, page 385
  7. Ruben L. Underhill, From Cowhides to Golden Fleece: A Narrative of California 1832 – 1858, Based Upon the Unpublished Correspondence of Thomas Oliver Larkin, Stanford Univ., Palo Alto, 1939, page 90
  8. Norman Ricketts, “The California Star Express,” Sacramento Historical Society Golden Notes, Spring 1982

Chapter 5

  1. Website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Latter_Day_Saint_movement
  2. Hubert Howe Bancroft, Volume XXVI. History of Utah, 1540-1886, (San Francisco: The History Company, 1889).
  3. William S. Harwell, editor, Manuscript History of Brigham Young 1847-1850, (Salt Lake City: Collier’s Publishing Co., 1997).
  4. Daniel Y. Meschter, “The First Transmountain Mail Route Contracts, The Central Route, 1850-1862,” La Posta: A Journal of American Postal History, (July 1995), pages 39-50.
  5. James W. Milgram, M.D., “Estill & Co. Express,” Western Express, (March 1996), pages 19-24.
  6. John D. Unruh, The Plains Across: The Overland Emigrants and the Trans-Mississippi West, 1840-60, (University of Illinois Press, 1979).
  7. Steven Walske, “The First Overland Contract Mail Routes Serving Salt Lake City,” Chronicle, Volume 63, No. 1, Whole No. 229 (February 2011), pages 53-57.
  8. Les Whall, The Salt Lake City Post Office (1849-1869), (Salt Lake City: Crabtree Press, 1982).

Chapter 6

  1. Jesse L. Coburn, Letters of Gold, (U.S. Philatelic Classics Society, Inc.; 1984).
  2. Roscoe P. and Margaret B. Conkling, The Butterfield Overland Mail 1857-1869, (Arthur H. Clark Co., Glendale, CA; 1947).
  3. David I. Folkman, Jr., The Nicaragua Route, (University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City; 1972).
  4. LeRoy Hafen, The Overland Mail, 1849-1869, (Arthur H. Clark Co., Cleveland, OH; 1926)
  5. John Kemble, The Panama Route 1848-1869, (University of California Press, Berkeley; 1943).
  6. Theron J. Wierenga, The Gold Rush Mail Agents to California and their Postal Markings 1849-1852, (Theron Wierenga, Muskegon, MI; 1987).
  7. Theron J. Wierenga, United States Incoming Steamship Mail, 1847-1875, Second Edition, (U.S. Philatelic Classics Society, Inc., Austin TX; 2000).
  8. Ernest A. Wiltsee, Gold Rush Steamers of the Pacific, (Grabhorn Press, San Francisco; 1938). Reprinted by Quarterman Publications, Inc. in 1976.

Chapter 7

This chapter relies heavily on work published by Daniel Meschter in La Posta on transmountain mail route contracts.
  1. Daniel Y. Meschter, “The First Transmountain Mail Route Contracts, The Central Route, 1850-1862” La Posta: A Journal of American Postal History, (September 1995), pages 39-50; “The First Transmountain Mail Route Contracts, The Central Route, 1850-1862, Part II” La Posta: A Journal of American Postal History, (July 1995), pages 47-59; “The First Transmountain Mail Route Contracts, The Central Route, 1850-1862, Part III” La Posta: A Journal of American Postal History, (January 1996), pages 19-35; “The First Transmountain Mail Route Contracts, The Central Route, 1850-1862, Part IV” La Posta: A Journal of American Postal History, (March 1996), pages 19-26; “The First Transmountain Mail Route Contracts, The Central Route, 1850-1862, Part V(a)” La Posta: A Journal of American Postal History, (July 1996), pages 15-25; “The First Transmountain Mail Route Contracts, The Central Route, 1850-1862, Part V(e)” La Posta: A Journal of American Postal History, (March 1997), pages 19-26; “The First Transmountain Mail Route Contracts, The Central Route, 1850-1862, Part VI” La Posta: A Journal of American Postal History, (May 1997), pages 33-48; “The First Transmountain Mail Route Contracts, The Central Route, 1850-1862, Part VII(a)” La Posta: A Journal of American Postal History, (July 1997), pages 25-40; “The First Transmountain Mail Route Contracts, The Central Route, 1850-1862, Part VII(b)” La Posta: A Journal of American Postal History, (September 1997), pages 44-48.
  2. Les Whall, The Salt Lake City Post Office (1849-1869), (Salt Lake City: Crabtree Press, 1982).
  3. Floyd Risvold and Richard Frajola, “Across the Sierra Nevada Mountains by Snow-Shoe,” The Chronicle, (August 2007), Whole No. 215, Volume 59, No. 3. Pages 201-206.
  4. Website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utah_War website on the 1857 Mormon War, accessed July 13, 2012.
  5. Richard Frajola, George Kramer & Steven Walske, The Pony Express, A Postal History, (New York: The Philatelic Foundation, 2005).
  6. John M. Townley, “Stalking Horse for the Pony Express, the Chorpenning Mail Contracts between California and Utah, 1851-60,” Western Express (July 1983), Whole No. 134, Vol. 33, No. 3. Pages 13-23.
  7. John M. Townley, “Stalking Horse for the Pony Express,’ Western Express (July 1983), Whole No. 135, Vol. 33, No. 4. Pages 13-23.
  8. Steven Walske, “The First Overland Contract Routes Serving Salt Lake City,” Chronicle (February 2011), Whole No. 229, Volume 63, No. 1. Pages 53-57.
  9. Fred F. Gregory, Hawaii Foreign Mail to 1870, (New York: The Philatelic Foundation, 2012).

Chapter 8

  1. Jesse L. Coburn, Letters of Gold, (U.S. Philatelic Classics Society, Inc.; 1984).
  2. Roscoe P. and Margaret B. Conkling, The Butterfield Overland Mail 1857-1869, (Arthur H. Clark Co., Glendale, CA; 1947).
  3. David I. Folkman, Jr., The Nicaragua Route, (University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City; 1972).
  4. LeRoy Hafen, The Overland Mail, 1849-1869, (Arthur H. Clark Co., Cleveland, OH; 1926)
  5. John Haskell Kemble, The Panama Route 1848-1869, (University of California Press, Berkeley; 1943).
  6. Theron J. Wierenga, The Gold Rush Mail Agents to California and their Postal Markings 1849-1852, (Theron Wierenga, Muskegon, MI; 1987).
  7. Theron J. Wierenga, United States Incoming Steamship Mail, 1847-1875, Second Edition, (U.S. Philatelic Classics Society, Inc., Austin TX; 2000).
  8. Ernest A. Wiltsee, Gold Rush Steamers of the Pacific, (Grabhorn Press, San Francisco; 1938). Reprinted by Quarterman Publications, Inc. in 1976.

Chapter 9

  1. Roscoe Conkling and Margaret Conkling, The Butterfield Overland Mail 1857-1869, (Glendale, CA: Arthur H. Clark Co., 1947).
  2. Daniel Y. Meschter, “Part V (e) – The Central Overland California and Pike’s Peak Express Company Contract (extended)” La Posta: A Journal of American Postal History, (March 1997).
  3. Floyd Risvold and Richard Frajola, “Deconstructing the Jackass Mail Route,” The Chronicle, (November 2008), Whole No. 220, Volume 60, No. 4. Pages 275-282.
  4. Richard Frajola, George Kramer & Steven Walske, The Pony Express, A Postal History, (New York: The Philatelic Foundation, 2005).
  5. Hafen, LeRoy R. The Overland Mail 1849-1869: Promoter of Settlements, Precursor of Railroad, (Cleveland, Ohio: Arthur H. Clark Company, 1926).
  6. Lake, Stuart N., “Birch’s Overland Mail in San Diego County,” The Journal of San Diego History, April 1857, Volume 3, Number 2.
  7. McCumber, Norma L., “Early Mails Services in California, Part 3: By Jackass,” Western Express, October 1987.
  8. Pearce, Basil C., “Overland to the Pacific, The San Antonio and San Diego Mail-Line,” Western Express, April 1862.
  9. Robert Hanson, “Notes on the Butterfield Overland Route,” Western Express, January 1969.
  10. Postmaster General Reports to Congress for 1859 and 1860.
  11. Richard Frajola and Michael Perlman, “Post Office Overland Mail Directive Handstamps,” Western Express, June 2011, pages 3-12.
  12. Richard Winter, Understanding Transatlantic Mail, Volume 2, (Bellefonte, PA: The American Philatelic Society, 2009).
  13. Roscoe Conkling and Margaret Conkling, The Butterfield Overland Mail 1857-1869, (Glendale, CA: Arthur H. Clark Co., 1947).
  14. Daniel Y. Meschter, “Part V (e) – The Central Overland California and Pike’s Peak Express Company Contract (extended)” La Posta: A Journal of American Postal History, (March 1997).
  15. Floyd Risvold and Richard Frajola, “Deconstructing the Jackass Mail Route,” The Chronicle, (November 2008), Whole No. 220, Volume 60, No. 4. Pages 275-282.
  16. Richard Frajola, George Kramer & Steven Walske, The Pony Express, A Postal History, (New York: The Philatelic Foundation, 2005).
  17. Hafen, LeRoy R. The Overland Mail 1849-1869: Promoter of Settlements, Precursor of Railroad, (Cleveland, Ohio: Arthur H. Clark Company, 1926).
  18. Lake, Stuart N., “Birch’s Overland Mail in San Diego County,” The Journal of San Diego History, April 1857, Volume 3, Number 2.
  19. McCumber, Norma L., “Early Mails Services in California, Part 3: By Jackass,” Western Express, October 1987.
  20. Pearce, Basil C., “Overland to the Pacific, The San Antonio and San Diego Mail-Line,” Western Express, April 1862.
  21. Robert Hanson, “Notes on the Butterfield Overland Route,” Western Express, January 1969.
  22. Postmaster General Reports to Congress for 1859 and 1860.Richard Frajola and Michael Perlman, “Post Office Overland Mail Directive Handstamps,” Western Express, June 2011, pages 3-12.
  23. Richard Winter, Understanding Transatlantic Mail, Volume 2, (Bellefonte, PA: The American Philatelic Society, 2009).

Chapter 10

  1. Roscoe Conkling and Margaret Conkling, The Butterfield Overland Mail 1857-1869, (Glendale, CA: Arthur H. Clark Co., 1947).
  2. Sheldon Dike, “Early Mail Contracts on the Santa Fe Trail,” The American Philatelist, Volume 72, No. 11 (August, 1959), pp. 809-813.
  3. Sheldon H. Dike and Thomas K. Todsen, New Mexico Territorial Postmark Catalog: Supplement, (Todsen, 1986).
  4. Richard Frajola, George Kramer & Steven Walske, The Pony Express, A Postal History, (The Philatelic Foundation, New York: 2005).
  5. LeRoy R. Hafen, The Overland Mail 1849-1869: Promoter of Settlements, Precursor of Railroad, (Cleveland, Ohio: Arthur H. Clark Company, 1926).
  6. Morris Taylor, First Mail West, Stagecoach Lines on the Santa Fe Trail, (University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque: 1971).
  7. Postmaster General Reports to Congress for 1859 (Wierenga reprint).

Chapter 11

  1. Jesse L. Coburn, Letters of Gold, (U.S. Philatelic Classics Society, Inc.; 1984).
  2. Roscoe P. and Margaret B. Conkling, The Butterfield Overland Mail 1857-1869, (Arthur H. Clark Co., Glendale, CA; 1947).
  3. David I. Folkman, Jr., The Nicaragua Route, (University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City; 1972).
  4. LeRoy Hafen, The Overland Mail, 1849-1869, (Arthur H. Clark Co., Cleveland, OH; 1926)
  5. John H. Kemble, The Panama Route 1848-1869, (University of California Press, Berkeley; 1943).
  6. Theron J. Wierenga, United States Incoming Steamship Mail, 1847-1875, Second Edition, (U.S. Philatelic Classics Society, Inc., Austin TX; 2000).
  7. PMG Reports for 1858 and 1859 (Wierenga reprint).

Chapter 12

  1. David T. Beals, “The Leavenworth and Pikes Peak Express Companies,” Western Express Volume 25 No. 4 (October 1975), pages 3-13.
  2. LeRoy Hafen, The Overland Mail, (Lawrence, MA: Quarterman Publications, 1976). Original copyright to Arthur H. Clark Co. in 1926.
  3. David L. Jarrett, Colorado Territorial and Pre-Territorial Postmarks, (Chicago: Collectors Club of Chicago, 1976).
  4. H. Parker Johnson, “Jones & Russell’s Leavenworth and Pikes Peak Express Co.,” The American Philatelist Whole No. 526 (November 1944), pages 102-113.
  5. H. Parker Johnson, “Coraville, Denver’s First Post Office,” The Colorado Magazine Volume 24 No. 1 (January 1947), pages 37-43.
  6. W.H.H. Larimer, Reminiscences of General William Larimer and of his Son William H.H. Larimer, Two of the Founders of Denver City, (Lancaster, PA, 1918).
  7. Daniel Y. Meschter, “The First Transmountain Mail Route Contracts Part VIII – The Denver City Spur Contracts,” La Posta (September 1998), pages 25-30.
  8. George A. Root & Russell K. Hickman, “Pike’s Peak Express Companies Part One. The Solomon and Republican Route,” Kansas Historical Quarterly Volume 13, No. 3 (August 1944), pages 163-195.
  9. George A. Root & Russell K. Hickman, “Pike’s Peak Express Companies Part II. Solomon and Republican Route – Concluded,” Kansas Historical Quarterly Volume 13, No. 4 (November 1944), pages 211-242.
  10. George A. Root & Russell K. Hickman, “Pike’s Peak Express Companies Part III. The Platte Route,” Kansas Historical Quarterly Volume 13, No. 8 (November 1945), pages 485-526.
  11. George A. Root & Russell K. Hickman, “Pike’s Peak Express Companies Part IV. The Platte Route – Concluded. The Pony Express and Pacific Telegraph,” Kansas Historical Quarterly Volume 14, No. 1 (February 1946), pages 36-92.

Chapter 13

The references to Census W or E numbers are to the pictorial census in Appendix B in The Pony Express, A Postal History. An updated pictorial census of Pony Express covers is maintained at http://www.rfrajola.com/ponyHTM/PonyCensus.htm. The complete book is available as a PDF file at: http://www.rfrajola.com/pony/ponybook.pdf
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