Western Cover Society  
Exhibits | Western Expresses
A - E
Google Translate - Click Here and go to Select Language to translate this page!
  • Text Size:
  • A
  • A
Posted: Thursday, August 30, 2012
Revised: Monday, July 27, 2015


Western Expresses Adams & Company - Sep, 1849 to Feb 23, 1855
Adams & Company Express was established in San Francisco in Sep, 1849 as an extension of the east coast Adams Express Company. It is believed that Adams & Company operated primarily as a forwarder, banker, and gold dust buyer from formation through most of 1851. Expansion of locations and functions began with the acquisition of Freeman & Company's Express in Nov, 1851 and Newell's Express in late 1851 or early 1852. The west coast financial panic led Adams & Company to close their doors on Feb 23, 1855. Most of the Adams employees then organized themselves under Russell G. Noyes as the Pacific Express Company.
Adams & Co. San Francisco Jan 10

Adams & Co. San Francisco Jan 10 (1855) hand stamp with PAID and precanceled Adams & Co. 3¢ 1851 adhesive on folded letter datelined Wednesday morning (Jan 10, 1855 was a Wednesday, dating this letter). Adams & Co. San Jose Jan 11 transit marking to Santa Cruz. Red crayon 25 denoting payment of premium express fee for immediate delivery to recipient upon arrival into Santa Cruz. The only known example of an Adams handstamp precanceled adhesive (with PF certificate).



Western Expresses Adams & Company - Sep, 1849 to Feb 23, 1855
Adams & Company is believed to have been the first express to offer a printed frank on an envelope, in late 1854. Only a handful of these franks are known used during the Adams period of operation, all from late 1854 or early 1855. A number of additional ones are known used as regular envelopes following Adams failure in Feb, 1855; however, they are not considered as Adams usages. This wood block frank was undoubtedly copied by Wells Fargo for use as their initial printed frank.
Only known example with the frank printed vertically at left used during Adams period of operation.

PAID Adams & Co., Over our California and Coast Routes with Adams & Co. San Francisco Aug 26 (1854) hand stamp to San Jose. Only known example with the frank printed vertically at left used during Adams period of operation.
PAID Adams & Co., Over our California and Coast Routes

PAID Adams & Co., Over our California and Coast Routes with Adams & Co. Placerville Dec 4 (1854) hand stamp to San Francisco.



Western Expresses Adams & Company - Sep, 1849 to Feb 23, 1855
Adams & Co. Express San Francisco California Moqulumne Hill

By Adams & Co. Express San Francisco California Free in their printed envelope; exchanged with Newell & Co.'s Express San Francisco for delivery to "Moqulumne Hill". Newell & Co. advertised that they connected with Adams & Co. in San Francisco. They operated from Oct 22, 1851 until selling out to Adams in July, 1853.


San Francisco Daily Alta California Nov 10, 1851

San Francisco Daily Alta California Nov 10, 1851 notice by Adams & Co. of the Newell & Co. partnership.



Western Expresses Adams & Company - Sep, 1849 to Feb 23, 1855
Forwarded by Adams & Co.'s Express San Francisco

Forwarded by Adams & Co.'s Express San Francisco to Sacramento City with paid and per Adams & Co. 25c manuscript notations. Circa 1851.
Forwarded by Adams & Co.'s Express San Francisco

Forwarded by Adams & Co.'s Express San Francisco from Panama with Cova & Co. Panama marking to San Francisco. Letter written in Spanish datelined Panama 14 Junio 1851.


datelined Panama 14 Junio 1851



Western Expresses Adams & Company - Sep, 1849 to Feb 23, 1855
Forwarded by J. M. Freeman Agent of Adams & Co. Express Panama

Forwarded by J. M. Freeman Agent of Adams & Co. Express Panama on January 1st, 1855 printed lettersheet originating from Valparaiso, Chile via Panama to San Francisco. Enclosure (reduced slightly below to fit page) announces J. M. Freeman as partner in Nye & Co. and as agent for Adams & Co.
Forwarded by J. M. Freeman Agent of Adams & Co. Express Panama Enclosure





Western Expresses Adams & Company - Sep, 1849 to Feb 23, 1855
Adams & Co. Express Coloma to Mormon Island on July 8th, 1852

By Adams & Co. Express Coloma to Mormon Island on July 8th, 1852 folded business letter datelined Coloma. Coloma and Mormon Island were two mining camps on the South Fork of the American River.


Datelined Coloma

...Mr. Brooks returned late last evening, but failing to bring the plan or specifications of the flume or ditch, we are unable to estimate upon the cost...Yours respectfully, Brooks, Clark & Co.





Western Expresses Adams & Company - Sep, 1849 to Feb 23, 1855
Adams & Co. Nov 9 Nevada

By Adams & Co. Nov 9 Nevada on folded letter datelined Nov 8, 1853 to San Francisco. The US government legally required equivalent US postage on privately carried mails after Aug 31, 1852.


Datelined Nevada

...The stage was delayed and I have now time before the Express Office closes, to scratch a line or two. Dr. Weaver is here...He goes to Grass Valley in the morning to employ a Mill Wright in whose capacity he can have more confidence than the one now engaged. It is but 4 miles and we will probably reach Eureka tomorrow night...Yours truly, J S Murray





Western Expresses Adams & Company - Sep, 1849 to Feb 23, 1855
Adams & Cos. Express Placerville to Carson River House, Cala.

By Adams & Cos. Express Placerville to Carson River House, Cala. The only known example of this type Adams Placerville marking.



Placerville (Hang Town) in 1852



Western Expresses Adams & Company - Sep, 1849 to Feb 23, 1855
Adams & Co. Express Sacramento

By Adams & Co. Express Sacramento with PAID on folded business letter datelined Dec 25, 1852 to San Francisco.


Datelined Sacramento

...The streets of Sacramento are almost impassible & it is next to impossible for a team to get through...



Western Expresses Adams & Company - Sep, 1849 to Feb 23, 1855
Adams & Co. Express Shasta

Aug 28th, 1852 folded letter written in French datelined Middle Town with Adams & Co. Express Shasta marking in blue for delivery to San Francisco. The US government legally required equivalent US postage on privately carried mails beginning Aug 31, 1852.


Datelined Shasta




Western Expresses Adams & Company - Sep, 1849 to Feb 23, 1855
Adams & Co. Express San Francisco

By Adams & Co. Express San Francisco on folded letter datelined Jan 7, 1852 to Sacramento City. Enclosed business letter transcribed below.


Datelined San Francisco

...We did not weigh the seed sent you but took it for what it professed to be - we have weighed the remaining barrels & find them marked correctly - the Hay Knives are $30. per doz...We forward 3 sets Eagle 2B [two bottom] Ploughs - Irons complete with Coultes & Extra Points @ $18.00 pr set & 2 Bags of Herd Grass @ 25c per lb. Grass seed is getting scarce some holding it at $1.00 per lb. This 25c is the lowest we care to purchase for wishing you quick sales...
Yours truly
McNally & Blair



Western Expresses Adams & Company - Sep, 1849 to Feb 23, 1855
Adams & Co. Express Sonora on folded business letter

By Adams & Co. Express Sonora on folded business letter datelined Saturday Evening May 22 [1852] to San Francisco.


Sonora in 1852
Sonora in 1852



Western Expresses Adams & Company - Sep, 1849 to Feb 23, 1855
Adams & Co. Humboldt Bay

By Adams & Co. Humboldt Bay with PAID handstamp via steamer to Adams & Co. San Francisco Dec 12 for delivery to "Moquelumne Hill." Precanceled 3¢ 1851 issue adhesive applied in San Francisco per regulation of Aug 31, 1852 requiring government postage on all express carried letters.


Map of Route from San Francisco to Moquelumne Hill



Western Expresses Alta Express Company - Jul, 1857 to Nov, 1858
Alta Express Company was formed after the failure of Pacific Express in Apr, 1857 by Alex Badlam, Jr., C. L. Farrington, and James A. Frost. This express operated throughout the northern and central part of the state of California and into Nevada. Alta Express Company connected with Freeman Express for British Columbia and with Berford & Co. for the Atlantic States. Alta may also have connected with Nichols Express into Oregon and Washington.
Alta Express Co. Angel's

By Alta Express Co. Angel's. to San Francisco, manuscript notation "with pkg dust 6 oz". Undated 1857 or 1858 cover.
Alta Express Company Sacramento

By Alta Express Company Sacramento. to San Francisco, with second strike of express handstamp on verso.



Western Expresses American Express - Feb 12, 1857 to Sep 24, 1857
The American Express Company in California was not related to the Eastern express company of the same name. Their first ad appeared in the Jan 19, 1857 San Francisco Bulletin with "McCombe & Co., 124 Montgomery St" listed as proprietors. Daily expresses were advertised from San Francisco by steam and stage to San Jose, Santa Clara, Alveso, Redwood City, Woodside, San Mateo, Mountain View, and San Quentin. The text of the ad is identical to one that appeared Jan 16, 1857 under heading of "McCombe's Express" - the predecessor firm. The last ad for American Express appeared on Mar 17, 1857 and the following issue included news of a lawsuit filed by an employee alleging non payment of salary. However, newspaper articles show activity through Sep 24, 1857. Some sources indicate that they either purchased or consolidated with Nichols Express.
American Express PAID

By American Express PAID in their printed franked envelope from an unknown origin to San Francisco. Approximately four examples of this printed frank are known, with <15 total American Express covers thought to have survived in total.
San Francisco Daily Alta California Feb 12, 1857 San Francisco Daily Alta California Sep 24, 1857
San Francisco Daily Alta California Feb 12, 1857, referencing [John] McCombe as one of the proprietors
San Francisco Daily Alta California Sep 24, 1857



Western Expresses Angiers' Express - 1861 to 1864+
Angier's Express ran between Humbug and North San Juan, connecting with Wells Fargo at that location. Very little is know about this express, other than it is believed to have operated for only about three years.
Angiers' North San Juan and Humbug Express

By Angiers' North San Juan and Humbug Express, likely from Humbug to North San Juan, where it was exchanged with Wells Fargo for delivery to Oakland. One of approximately six known Angiers' Express covers.


North San Juan in 1857

North San Juan in 1857, from a daguerreotype by George Dornin



Western Expresses Anthony & Company - 1852 to Jul, 1853
Anthony & Company's express operated between San Francisco and the Northern Mines. They had an office in Sacramento and may have carried the mail to Marysville and Nevada City.
Anthony & Co's Northern Express PAID

By Anthony & Co's Northern Express PAID from the northern mines to San Francisco. One of only five to eight known examples from this short-lived express company.


Sacramento Daily Union Ad San Francisco Daily Alta Ad

Sacramento Daily Union ad run from Apr 8 to Jun 15, 1853

San Francisco Daily Alta ad run from Apr 13 to Apr 21, 1853



Western Expresses Becker & Company - 1852 to 1853
Becker operated a one-man tri-weekly express from a base at French Corral, CA to Marysville, along the lower Yuba River branches, until it reached Doc Caldwell's store, also called Nyes Crossing or Nyes Landing. Becker connected with Gregory's Express and Wells Fargo. The earliest reference to his express is an article in the Daily Alta California of May 29, 1852. Advertisements are found in 1852, but none in 1853.
Becker & Co's Express Landers Bar

Becker & Co's Express Landers Bar to French Corral with notation Forwarded by Becker's Post. Landers Bar is located on the Yuba River just above the junction with Dry Creek.


Becker & Co's Express Union Bar Cut Oval




Becker & Co's Express Union Bar cut oval, only known example from this location.






Earliest ad for Becker & Co.'s Express from the Sacramento Daily Union, Jul 2, 1852.
Sacramento Daily Union, Jul 2, 1852



Western Expresses Beekman's Express - 1855 to Nov 16, 1858
and Dec 31, 1859 to 1863
Cornelius Beekman started his express after Adams & Co.'s failure in 1855 from a base at Jacksonville in Oregon Territory. Routes ran to Yreka, Crescent City and Roseburg, Oregon. He connected with Wells Fargo at Yreka and reportedly with Tracy at Jacksonville. From Nov, 1858 to Dec, 1859 William Hoffman, C.C. Beekman's future father-in-law, ran the express under his name while Beekman was "back east". Beekman sold out to Wells Fargo in 1863, becoming their agent at Jacksonville.
Beekman's Express Jacksonville O.T.

By Beekman's Express Jacksonville O.T. with May 31 1858 docketing to Yreka where it was exchanged with Wells Fargo for delivery to Sacramento City.
Jacksonville Herald, Oct 10, 1857 Cornelius Beekman

Above: Cornelius Beekman, from the Wells Fargo Archives.
Left: from the Jacksonville Herald, Oct 10, 1857



Western Expresses Berford & Company - Late 1849 to 1855
Berford & Company operated throughout the bay area of California as a partnership of Richard G. Berford, James C. Hackett, and J. S. Silver. They used Todd & Co. for the connection to the southern mines and Anthony & Co.'s for the northern mines. Their own agents moved express material to the eastern states by way of steamers to their New York office.
Berford & Coş Letter & Package Express California

By Anthony & Co's Northern Express PAID from the northern mines to San Francisco. One of only five to eight known examples from this short-lived express company.
By Berford & Coş Letter & Package Express California red shield handstamp from California to New York. Docketed Rec'd 19 July '51. Entered the mails with New York Jul 18 5 cts integral rate handstamp to Washington DC. The unpaid rate for distances <3000 miles was 5¢ beginning Jul 1, 1851.
  • PMSC California from San Francisco Jun 14, 1851; arrived Panama Jul 1, 1851
  • Six days transit across the isthmus via mule and canoe
  • Edward Mills Line Brother Jonathan from Chagres Jul 7, 1851; arrived NY Jul 17, 1851
PMSC Vessel The Tennessee Example of Pacific Mail Steamship Company (PMSC) vessel (the Tennessee) that ran from San Francisco to Panama, from a circa 1850 lithograph.



Western Expresses Berford & Company - Late 1849 to 1855
Berford & Co. Californian Express

By Berford & Co. Californian Express to San Francisco, on folded letter datelined San Jose, June 27th, 1853. Business letter concerning stock in the "Tuolumne Hydraulic Association", with mention of express schedule, transcribed below:


Datelined San Jose

...Berford & Co. receive letters for San Jose up till half past eight o'clock every morning, or if you should be too late for the express, the boat does not go until 9 o'clock...
Connolly Leetch



Western Expresses Berford & Company - Late 1849 to 1855
Berford & Coş Express San Francisco Cal

By Berford & Coş Express San Francisco Cal blue handstamp and Free. Letter datelined Aspinwall (Colon, Panama, on the Atlantic side of the isthmus) Jan 31, 1853 mentions difficulty crossing the isthmus, transcribed on the following page.
  • Six days across the isthmus of Panama via mule and canoe
  • PMSC Golden Gate from Panama Feb 5; arrival San Francisco Feb 19, 1853
Map



Western Expresses Berford & Company - Late 1849 to 1855
Datelined Aspinwall

Aspinwall Jan 31th, 1853

Dear Caperton

I have just arrived here after a pleasant passage as far as Panama [Wierenga's book indicates the closest match for arrival of the writer into Panama was aboard the Golden Gate, which left San Francisco Jan 15 and arrived into Panama Jan 28; meaning that the writer crossed the isthmus in only three days, versus the normal six to seven days for mail carriage] but from that place we have had a most terrible time until we arrived here as it has rained on us all the way from that place to this and I am not comfortable now by no means as this place is crowded with passengers from both steamers and I find it impossible to get a room or anything - but have been lucky, as it is called here, to get permission to lay on the floor - in a crowded room - with nothing to lay on but my overcoat - and the floor for a pillow, though for my own part I shall enjoy it as Jack Addison is to lay with me and I know that it will be most death to him, at least he says it will. I have amused myself a great deal at his expense while crossing the isthmus as he was thrown four times in one day - but fortunately was not hurt much. We shall leave here on tomorrow for New York [Wierenga's book shows no departure from Aspinwall on Feb 1, 1853 as the writer had hoped; instead, the next departure is shown as Feb 2 on the Ohio, which arrived into New York on Feb 18] where we expect to arrive by the 10th. I write to Mrs. Lupan from Panama which letter she will receive at the time you receive this. I have heard nothing of interest from Washington. I will write you again on my arrival in New York - and also from Washington.
My love to Capts Freeman & Johnson
In haste, Yours truly,
J. C. Mays [?]


Signature Line



Western Expresses Berford & Company - Late 1849 to 1855
Office Berford & Co.'s California Express

Office Berford & Co.'s California Express label with red PAID from New York to San Francisco. Docket on verso June 4 1852 (below) which enlargement of label shown.
Dateline June 4 1852

Newspaper Article



Western Expresses Berthoud's Express - circa 1869
Mel Nathan's book "Franks of Western Expresses" states that little-known express resumably operated in the vicinity of Treasure City, Nevada. No year date is known, and its only identification comes from a few covers with an oblong handstamp.
F.W. Blake & Co Express Weaverville

By Berthoud's Mule Team Express PD 25 to Treasure City, NV; by post office from Treasure City, Nev. Sep 13 (ca1869) to Philad[elphi]a, Pa. Signed on back by postal historian Richard Frajola "Genuine Use".

Handstamp
Silver was discovered in this area in 1867 and by November of that year, the first cabins were built on Treasure Hill. Treasure City was founded in 1868 in the White Pine Mining District and within a year had a population of 6000. The town reached its peak in 1869. By 1870, most of the population began to leave town, due to the lack of good ore. The business district was destroyed by fire in 1874 and never rebuilt. The remaining ruins are shown at right.
Treasure City Ruins



Western Expresses Blake & Company - Sep, 1855 to Jan, 1859
Francis Wheeler Blake was employed by Rhodes & Lusk as their agent in Weaverville late in 1852. In September of 1855, he resigned from Rhodes & Co. and formed F. W. Blake & Co.'s Express, operating between Weaverville and Shasta. While advertising that he connected with both Wells Fargo and Pacific Express at Shasta, he was most closely aligned with the former. Blake purchased Rowe & Co.'s Express in Oct, 1856. His new building in Weaverville was co-occupied with Wells Fargo and by most accounts he was their agent. Wells Fargo closed their agency in Weaverville in Jan, 1859 and transferred their relationship to Greenhood & Newbauer, at which time Blake exited the express business.
F.W. Blake & Co Express Weaverville

By F.W. Blake & Co Express Weaverville, most likely from Shasta to Weaverville; Weaverville to Yreka via Wells Fargo. Mandatory prepayment of the 3¢ postage for distances <3000 miles was effective Apr 1, 1855.


Map



Western Expresses Bowers Express - Late 1849 to Oct, 1851
John Taylor Bowers, with the help of his brother Herbert and possibly his other brothers, started running small packages, letters, and gold dust between Caldwell's Upper Crossing (later know as Nevada City) to Sacramento and on to San Francisco. They quickly expanded to serve Grass Valley, Rough & Ready, Washington, and the mines along Poor Man's Creek and the Yuba River. They advertised as connecting with Freeman in Sacramento and Adams in San Francisco. Freeman purchased Bowers Express in Oct, 1851 to establish a direct business presence in Nevada City.
Bowers Express

By Bowers Express with enclosed letter datelined Nevada (City) July 11, 1851 to San Francisco where it entered the mails for carriage to Indiana. Effective July 1, 1851, the unpaid rate for distances >3000 miles was reduced from 40¢ to 10¢.


Nevada, Cal. July 11, 1851

...I enclosed a draft on Adams & Co., for $100, payable in N. York. This is considered the best house that does business in California. I have another hundred coming to me, but I am not certain I can get it to send by the next steamer, which leaves next Tuesday, and would have to be deposited with their agt's in Nevada tomorrow evening. ...I have made arrangements to send you the San Francisco Courier and Sacramento Union, probably the best papers in California. From these you will be able to glean the news of the state, political, commercial and agricultural. But I hope you will put no more dependence of their statements of the mines than you should. The editors of the California papers & N. Y. Tribune are either fools, maniacs or liars. ...C. R. Buda[?]



Western Expresses Bowers Express - Late 1849 to Oct, 1851


Nevada, Cal. July 11, 1851

Nevada, Cal. July 11, 1851

Dear Clarkson:
Day before yesterday I received a letter from you, and also one from J. D. Howland. I am sincerely glad to hear that all is well at home, and I never think of home but I wish I were there. Since the letter to which these are in answer, I have written another to you, and one to her & in yours I enclosed a draft on Adams & Co., for $100, payable in N. York. This is considered the best house that does business in California. I have another hundred coming to me, but I am not certain I can get it to send by the next steamer, which leaves next Tuesday [based on the perpetual calendar this Tuesday would have been July 15, 1851, and the steamer referenced would have been the PMSC Northerner, which departed from San Francisco for Panama on that day], and would have to be deposited with their agt's in Nevada tomorrow evening. I intend to send home all the money I get, except an amount sufficient to pay expenses home. But in view of what has heretofore been said about the mortgage on the house, if Sarah can be satisfied, I had much rather this money would be put in safe keeping until my return. It is time, and she ought to know it, that if you pay my debts, and support her during my absence you must have your pay; but she ought to know also, that the mortgage is your security, and if you resort to that for your pay, the money I send, in case I should fail to return home, will be hers. I have now sent $300, and shall send another either, with this letter, or two weeks from this time, which will make $400.

I have had uninterrupted good health since my recovery last summer with the exception of 5 days. I was prevented from work soon after my last letter, by an attack of inflammation of the lungs. I weight 170 lbs., heavier than ever before, and I work decidedly harder. I think I have learned something about hard work since I came here.

I find it impossible to write to you often, and consequently I have made arrangements to send you the San Francisco Courier and Sacramento Union, probably the best papers in California. From these you will be able to glean the news of the state, political, commercial and agricultural. But I hope you will put no more dependence of their statements of the mines than you should. The editors of the California papers & N. Y. Tribune are either fools, maniacs or liars.

It is not convenient to send any money by this mail. In all probability I will send $150 by next week.

Yours & c.

C. R. Buda[rest of last name torn away]



Western Expresses Browns Express - Jun, 1850 to Apr, 1853
Browns/Adams - Apr, 1853 to Feb, 1855
Brown's Express was one of the principal express operators to the southern mines. Founded by W. A. Brown in June 1850, he connected with both Todd & Co. and Newell & Co. operating between Stockton and San Francisco and they, in turn connected at San Francisco with Adam's Express for ocean to ocean service. Brown was murdered on April 2, 1853 and the express continued under his name even though it was then operated by Adams Express.
Brown's Express Forwarded by Reynolds & Co Express
Stockton Cal. Oct 14 40
  • circa September 1850 from the East to San Francisco by government mails with 40 [cents] postage due
  • Forwarded by Reynolds & Co Express (operated Jan, 1850 to Oct, 1851) to Stockton with $1.50 Reynolds express fee (rate notation consistent with other Reynolds covers)
  • Addressee not found at Stockton, returned to post office with Stockton Cal. Oct 14 40 (40¢ due) backstamp; marking known used from Jun 28, 1850 to Jun 26, 1851
  • Taken out of the post office and Forwarded by Browns Express with light pencil endorsement to Murphys with $2.00 due (light pencil rate noted beneath Reynold's $1.50 rate marking)
Reynolds & Co's advertisement from Aug 19, 1850 Sacramento Transcript Advertisement from Aug 19, 1850 Sacramento Transcript



Western Expresses Browns Express - Early 1851 to Apr, 1853
Browns/Adams - Apr, 1853 to Feb, 1855
William A. Brown became one of the early suppliers of mail to the southern mines from his base office in Stockton. The route from Stockton ran into Angels Camp, on to Murphys, with a continuing connection to Sonora. Brown at first connected with Todd & Company, and later competed with them. He had established a connecting service with Newell and Adams by Oct, 1851. In April of 1853, William Brown was shot and killed. Adams & Co. continued the express under the Brown name until their failure in Feb, 1855.
Bowers Express
  • Boston/10 Jul/6cts 1851 prepaid integral rate mailing postmark with PAID marking to Stockton, California.
  • Forwarded by/Browns/Express from Stockton with $1.50 (collect) marking for delivery to Mr. Horace [Atwater] Deming who was apparently at Stockton Hill, based on StH pencil notation added by Brown's to aid in delivery.
  • Pencil Paid by Brown's at Stockton Hill, which was near Mokelumne Hill, noting Mr. Deming's payment of the express fee.
The prepaid rate for distances over 3,000 miles was reduced from 40¢ to 6¢ effective Jul 1, 1851. Perhaps responding to the post office reduction, or to increased competition in the area, Brown reduced his express fee from $1.50 to $1.00 a few weeks after this letter was mailed.



Western Expresses Browns Express - Early 1851 to Apr, 1853
Browns/Adams - Apr, 1853 to Feb, 1855
Forwarded by/Browns/Express
  • Privately carried pr favor of Capt Crowel to San Francisco, with no indication of payment of any ship fee; the Fremont arrived into San Francisco Jul 29, 1851
  • San Francisco 30 Jul (1851) with 5 indicating the unpaid rate for <3000 miles in effect beginning Jul 1, 1851 delivery to Stockton, where Advertised
  • Forwarded by/Browns/Express from Stockton with $1.50 collect marking for delivery to Mr. Vincent at Carson Creek, per pencil CC notation
Forwarded by/Browns/Express
  • Boston/25 Jul/6cts 1851 prepaid integral rate mailing postmark with PAID marking to Stockton, California.
  • Forwarded by/Browns/Express from Stockton with $1. collect marking for delivery to Mr. Dewing. Manuscript Paid by Brown's, noting Mr. Deming's payment of the express fee.
Prepaid rate for >3,000 miles reduced from 40¢ to 6¢ Jul 1, 1851. Brown also reduced his express fee from $1.50 to $1.00 in early August,, 1851 when this would have been delivered.



Western Expresses Browns Express - Early 1851 to Apr, 1853
Browns/Adams - Apr, 1853 to Feb, 1855
Forwarded by Browns Express
  • ca Oct, 1851 by Newell & Co's Express San Francisco to Stockton
  • Forwarded by Browns Express from Stockton to "Mormon Gulch, near Tuttletown"
  • Brown collected $2.00 for delivery, as indicated by two strikes of the $1. express rate marking, with one-half paid to Newell


Newell & Co's Express route in blue, Brown's Express route in red

Newell & Co's Express route in blue, Brown's Express route in red

L. W. Newell and E. W. Colt, both formerly partners in Todd & Co, announced Newell & Co's Express on Oct 22, 1851. The express operated between San Francisco and Stockton by steamboat as well as by steamer to Oregon. They connected with Browns for service to the southern mines near Stockton. In Jul, 1853 they sold out to Adams & Co.



Western Expresses Browns Express - Early 1851 to Apr, 1853
Browns/Adams - Apr, 1853 to Feb, 1855
Forwarded by/Browns/Express
  • Privately carried from Australia to San Francisco by George Campbell of Dickson DeWolf & Co, as indicated by docketing on verso "Rec'd and forwarded by your ob'dt svt Geo Campbell of Dickson DeWolf & Co", notation on front "Obliged by Geo. Campbell Esq.", and from other known covers of this correspondence.
  • By Adams & Co's. Express San Francisco to Stockton with notation "Paid pr Adams Express" applied by Adams in San Francisco
  • Forwarded by Brown's Express from Stockton to Woods Diggings with Brown's PAID handstamp
  • Manuscript postmark Woods Diggings Cal Sep 2/52 for carriage to Green Springs (near) Columbia (Toulumne County, California) with "5" (due) noted at upper right. Note that an internet listing of place names for Toulumne County shows both Green Springs and Columbia listed. The 5¢ unpaid rate became effective Jul 1, 1851 for distances <3000 miles. Mandatory prepayment was required beginning Apr 1, 1855 (3¢).
  • Likely carried from Green Springs to the mines by a local, unidentified, private expressman, who applied the "col 25 cts" notation, presumably collected upon delivery to Mr. F. W. H. Aaron (who would have paid a total of 30¢ = 5¢ US postage and 25¢ express fee)



Western Expresses Browns Express - Early 1851 to Apr, 1853
Browns/Adams - Apr, 1853 to Feb, 1855
Brown's/Express/Murphy's

By Brown's/Express/Murphy's to Stockton. No indication of the express fee either paid in advance or due by Miss Brush. Received June 10th, 1853 (based on pencil received notation at left). The act of Aug 31, 1852 required payment of government postage on private conveyance, although no such payment is indicated on this cover.


Major Camps Of The Southern Mines



Western Expresses Brown & Maguire's Express - Early 1860's
Very little can be found regarding this express. Wiltsee reported the express operating to Shasta in 1858 but that has not be confirmed. The Copper City town site, in Shasta County, is now covered by Lake Shasta. Although founded in the 1850s, the peak boom era was in the early 1860s. A September 1864 newspaper report from Red Bluff gives the name of the Copper City expressman as "Scotch" (probably Schoch). Based on the use of 1861 issue stationery for the printed frank, it would seem that Brown & Maguire sold out to Schoch before 1864.


Brown & Maguire's Copper City Express

By Brown & Maguire's Copper City Express to Red Bluff; by post office from Red Bluff, Cal [xxx] 30 to an unknown destination, as this was part of a paste-up. Likely 1863 or 1864 usage, as this Red Bluff postmark was used from Apr 10, 1863 to Sep 6, 1867. One of only two known used examples.



Western Expresses Buchanan & Co.'s Express - Dec, 1866 to 1867
Buchanan & Co.s Cañon City Express operated between The Dalles, and Canyon City, Oregon beginning December 1866 when A.W. (Buck) Buchanan purchased the route from Wells Fargo after they withdrew from the John Day Mine area. Buchanan apparently continued to operate through much of 1867 and is later reported as a Wells Fargo agent.

Buchanan & Co.'s Cañon City Express. PAID

By Buchanan & Co.'s Cañon City Express. PAID from Canyon City to The Dalles; by Wells Fargo & Co. Dalles O. Jul 8 [1867] to San Francisco. Only three examples of this frank reported in red; eight total Buchanan & Co. examples.

Buchanan & Co.'s Express ad

Buchanan & Co.'s Express ad from The Dalles Mountaineer Jun 29, 1867.



Western Expresses Burdin's Express - 1871
Little is known regarding this express which is reported to have operated between Port Townsend and Port Discovery, Washington Territory in 1871.

Burdin's Express Between Port Townsend and Port Discovery

By Burdin's Express Between Port Townsend and Port Discovery in their printed franked envelope, apparently originating in Port Townsend for delivery to Port Discovery. One of only two or three known examples from this express.

Map Port Townsend and Discovery Bay



Western Expresses Byam's Express - Oct, 1855 to Jul, 1856
Byam's Express was a stage service that operated between Sacramento, Volcano and Fiddletown. It carried mail as part of that service, connecting with Wells Fargo at Sacramento.


Paid Byam's & Co. Express Paid Byam's & Co. Express
  • Paid Byam's & Co. Express manuscript from either Volcano or Fiddletown to Sacramento
  • Forwarded by Wells Fargo & Co's Express from Sacramento to San Francisco with their large green label on verso, indicating the equivalent of today's registered mail (note $500 manuscript, indicating accompanying cash or gold dust)



Western Expresses COC&PP - Feb 13, 1860 to Mar 21, 1862
The Central Overland California & Pikes Peak (COC&PP) Express Company was the parent company of the famed Pony Express and was formed by William H. Russell, Alexander Majors, and William B. Waddell on Feb 13, 1860 when they bought out the assets of Jones & Russell's express. They ran the first weekly government mail from Denver to Leavenworth on Aug 14, 1860 and from St. Joseph in early September. COC&PP assumed the Butterfield mail service on Jul 1, 1861. COC&PP sold out to Ben Holladay on Mar 21, 1862.
Denver Central OverD. Cal. & Pikes Peak Express

Mannheim Center [New York] April 6 (1860) to St. Joseph, Missouri; then by COC&PP with a partial strike of their provisional straight-line DENVER CENTRAL OVERD. CAL. & PIKES PEAK EXPRESS marking to Denver City, Kansas Territory. Sender's notation to route via Leavenworth and PP Express could not be honored, as that express had been defunct since July, 1859. Clear strike of the straight line marking shown below (enlarged for detail).


Central Overland Califoni & Pikes Peak Express



Western Expresses COC&PP - Feb 13, 1860 to Mar 21, 1862
Central Overland Califoni & Pikes Peak Express

By The Central Overland Califoni & Pikes Peak Express Company Denver City K.T. Aug 21 (1860) to St. Joseph, with the COC&PP St. Joseph, Mo. Aug 27 backstamp; entered the mail at St. Joseph, Mo. Aug 28, 1860 for delivery to Manchester, N. H.


News From Pike's Peak




New York Herald (Aug 28, 1860) article from St. Joseph, Mo., noting, "The Pike's Peak express arrived this morning [August 27, 1860] with Denver City dates to the 21st inst.", documenting the trip of this cover.



Western Expresses Chase's Express - 1857 to 1863
George. W. Chase began his express and "daily passenger wagon" operating over a route that ran from Yreka to Indian Creek and Deadwood, California. His office in Yreka was located in the Wells Fargo building. In July 1859, the camp at Greenhorn was added to the route. The Yreka Union newspaper of May, 1860 stated that Chase would connect with Wyck's Scott Valley Express at Indian Creek. In 1863 the express was sold to Charles Prindle.
Chase's Express/Paid

By Chase's Express/Paid in their franked envelope to Yreka. Postmarked Yreka, Cal Aug 17, 1858 with PAID 10 in arc by post office via Panama to Minnesota.
Chase's Express Deadwood & Ind. Creek

By Chase's Express Deadwood & Ind. Creek to Yreka. The 3. 1857 issue adhesive pays government postage, required by law of Aug 31, 1852, even though this cover never entered the U.S. mails.



Western Expresses Chase's Express - 1857 to 1863
Chase's Express/Yreka/Deadwood &/Indian Creek/Paid

By Chase's Express/Yreka/Deadwood &/Indian Creek/Paid with their albino embossed express frank at upper left to Yreka. Docketed Aug 9, 1861.
Chase's Express/Yreka/Deadwood &/Indian Creek/Paid

By Chase's Express/Yreka/Deadwood &/Indian Creek/Paid with their albino embossed express frank at upper left to Yreka.



Western Expresses Cherokee Express - 1854 to 1864
This small express operated between Oroville and the so-called Cherokee diggings across Table Mountain nearby, connecting with Wells Fargo at Oroville. Both Oroville and Cherokee had post offices by late 1854; thus, the need for an express between the two towns, a distance of only about 14 miles, doesn't make sense, unless the express was also providing the service of running the mail in and out of the surrounding mining areas. Captain Darrach, to whom virtually all the Cherokee Express covers are addressed, was the County Clerk for Butte County. Delivery to the County Clerk may have had something to do with mining claims; hence, the need to deliver quickly and directly to the addressee.
Cherokee Express

By Cherokee Express from Cherokee to Oroville; Wells Fargo & Co. Oroville Jan 6 for delivery to Mr. Darrach.


Gold Camps Of The Feather River



Western Expresses Cheyenne & Black Hills Express - Feb, 1876 to 1878
Cheyenne and Black Hills Stage Co's Express

Part of a paste-up carried by Wells Fargo & Co. with their Belmont, Nev. Feb 2 and Austin, Nev. Feb 3 handstamps to Cheyenne Wyo. Feb 4 (postmark) then by the Cheyenne and Black Hills Stage Co's Express from Cheyenne to an unknown location in the Black Hills of Dakota Territory. 1877 or 1878 use, based on partners in the business and dates of operation. It is not clear why the Cheyenne postmark would have been applied, as it appears as though the cover was carried privately by Wells Fargo and the Cheyenne & Black Hills Stage Co. The 3¢ rate (prepayment required) was effective from Mar 3, 1863 to Oct 1, 1883 when it was reduced to 2¢.
The Wyoming territorial legislature passed a bill in Dec, 1875 authorizing the establishment of a daily passenger and express service between Cheyenne and the Black Hills of Dakota Territory. William H. Brown and his son-in-law Frank D. Yates started to carry the mail to Spotted Tail agency in Jan, 1876. The first stage, or wagon, of F. D. Yates & Company started on Feb 3. On Feb 12, William "Stuttering" Brown purchased the entire operation including the mail contract on behalf of John "Jack" T. Gilmer, Monroe Salisbury, and Mathewson T. Patrick of Gilmer & Salisbury Stage Co. This operation was combined with a small stage line operating from Salt Lake City under the direction of Luke Voorhees. The Cheyenne and Black Hills Stage, Mail and Express route ran from the railroad at Cheyenne north to Fort Laramie and from there into Custer City in the Black Hills of Dakota Territory. This mail run was called the Cheyenne & Black Hills Route. Deadwood was added to the line later in 1876. At some point in 1878, Patrick departed as a partner and the two surviving partners changed the name of the service to the Black Hills Express. The service was sold to Russell Thorp in May, 1883 who continued its operation until Feb, 1887 when it went out of business.



Western Expresses Cram, Rogers, & Co's Express - 1851 to Mar 27, 1855
Robert B. Cram of Shasta, Frank A. Rogers of Yreka, and Edwin Rowe of Weaverville formed the nucleus of this operation in 1851. Cram Rogers & Co. was the major express operator in northern California and southern Oregon during the early 1850's. They added partners A. E. Raynes (of Raynes & Company) and Richard Dugan (of Dugan & Company) in 1853. These later additions gave Cram, Rogers, & Co. control of the area from Jacksonville, Oregon to Shasta, California and to Crescent City, California. They connected with Adams, Gregory and Newell & Company until their failure on Mar 27, 1855.
Cram Rogers & Cos Express Yreka to Shasta

Folded letter written in German headed Yreka City Dec 11, 1853 carried by Cram Rogers & Cos Express Yreka to Shasta; then by Adams & Co. Express Shasta to San Francisco.


Yreka City Date Line

Yreka to San Francisco



Western Expresses Cram, Rogers, & Co's Express - 1851 to Mar 27, 1855
Cram, Roger's & Co Express Weaverville

By Cram, Roger's & Co Express Weaverville with their PAID oval to Shasta; exchanged with Adams & Co Augst 7 Shasta to San Francisco.
Cram, Roger's & Co Express Weaverville

By Cram, Roger's & Co Express Weaverville likely to Shasta; exchanged with Adams to San Francisco, with Adams & Co Sacramento transit mark.


Weaverville in 1856

Weaverville in 1856



Western Expresses Cram, Rogers, & Co's Express - 1851 to Mar 27, 1855
Cram, Roger's & Co Express Yreka

ca Jan, 1854 by Cram, Roger's & Co Express Yreka to Shasta; exchanged with Adams & Co Jany 18 Shasta to Marysville; again by Adams & Co. Jan 20 Marysville to San Francisco. The manuscript pre-canceled 3¢ 1851 issue adhesive was probably applied by Adams in Shasta.


Cram Rogers Express route in blue; Adams Express route in red

Cram Rogers Express route in blue; Adams Express route in red



Western Expresses Crary's Stage & Express Co. - Aug, 1873 to Winter, 1873
Leroy Crary ran a tri-weekly stage service between Nevada City and Dutch Flat, with stops at You Bet and Little York, starting in the fall of 1873. A letter express service connected with Wells Fargo at Nevada City. The service was sold to Broadwell's Stage & Express Line in the winter of 1873.
Leroy Crary's Nevada and Dutch Flat Stage and Express Line

By Leroy Crary's Nevada and Dutch Flat Stage and Express Line to Nevada City; by Wells Fargo Nevada Jan 23 (1874) for delivery to Smartsville. The only known example from this short-lived express.


Nevada City From The West (1866)

Nevada City from the west (1866)



Western Expresses Crawford's Middle Fork Express - 1857 to 1859
Ellison Lassel Crawford formed Crawford's Middle Fork Express and is thought to have served the mining camps along the Middle Fork of the American River and its tributary, the Rubicon River, from a base at Greenwood. They connected with Wells Fargo at Greenwood.
Crawford's Middle Fork Express Oct 9

By Crawford's Middle Fork Express Oct 9 from the mining camps to Greenwood; by Wells, Fargo & Co. Express Greenwood to San Francisco.
Crawford's Middle Fork Express

By post office from Big Oak Flat, Cal Oct 12 to Greenwood; then by Crawford's Middle Fork Express with their red handstamp (one of only five known examples of this marking) for delivery to the mining camps.


Gereenwood Mining Camp Map



Western Expresses Crooks Express - 1858 to Feb, 1860
A. D. Crook ran his express service from Yreka to the mines along the Scott and Klamath Rivers. Crooks is thought to have connected with Wells Fargo at Yreka.
Crooks Express Scotts River

By Crooks Express Scotts River from Klamath River to Yreka; by the US mails from Yreka, Cal Jun 16, 1858 to Alexandria, Virginia. Interesting letter dated May 6, 1858 from Klamath River transcribed in part below, and in its entirety on the following page. Note that took over five weeks to get to Yreka!


Klamath River
...I only regret that I cannot give you more general information concerning the Eldorado which our present isolated locality prevents us from doing. The only communication to Crescent City or Trinidad at the coast (100 miles) is by pack mules...The office of sheriff in worth in the vicinity of 8000$ a year; he is elected after the real Whig and Democratic style; all prior sheriffs have gambled off the county funds and left the county in arrears. The office of the district attorney is worth so little that no lawyer would give bonds and take it...The mines in this portion of the state are not paying on an average of One dollar a day for all the labor expended; notwithstanding some few do well, but that few is fast diminishing. It is our intention to wind up mining as soon as possible, as the labor is hard and the chances distant...Just imagine the reminiscences you awake in ones bosom when you speak of being in love with two ladies, when our eyes have not enjoyed the sight of one for two and a half years...



Western Expresses Crooks Express - 1858 to Feb, 1860
Klamath River


Friend Miner,
Dear Sir,
With feelings of the deepest gratification I received your welcome letter and am thankful for the interesting news which it contains. I only regret that I cannot give you more general information concerning the Eldorado which our present isolated locality prevents us from doing. The only communication to Crescent City or Trinidad at the coast (100 miles) is by pack mules. This added to the danger of landing goods without harbors, makes provisions &c five times as high as in any of the other States. Owing to the mountains and bluffs I do not think we have five miles of wagon road in this Country. Our greatest facilities for traveling is bestride a mule, up hill and down, going at the rate of twenty five miles a day. In Oregon all the rivers flow through fertile flats which produce almost anything. At times when packing is cheap we get flour from there, which is equal to any we have ever seen. On small flats along the rivers we produce all the vegetables we require here. In all the northern Counties the population is very small and scattered over magnificent distances, even on mining rivers often from five to ten miles without a single inhabitant.

Klamath County was divided two years ago the northern portion forming Del Norte with Crescent City, containing about 500 inhabitants, as the county seat. This portion retains the original name, with a small mining hamlet, containing, say, 150 inhabitants. 35 miles below here, on the Klamath River, for the county seat, in and about these towns reside from 2 to 4 lawyers the county judge and sheriff. The salary of the county judge has been reduced from 3000$ to 1500$ a year. The office of sheriff in worth in the vicinity of 8000$ a year; he is elected after the real Whig and Democratic style; all prior sheriffs have gambled off the county funds and left the county in arrears. The office of the district attorney is worth so little that no lawyer would give bonds and take it. In fact our whole county organization is very imperfect, with very little legal business, nearly all disputes are settled by arbitration. The mines in this portion of the state are not paying on an average of One dollar a day for all the labor expended; notwithstanding some few do well, but that few is fast diminishing. It is our intention to wind up mining as soon as possible, as the labor is hard and the chances distant. The climate is mild - in the summer dry - in the winter wet, and at all times superior to any part of the Eastern States. The country is healthy and the water good, beyond description. Just imagine the reminiscences you awake in ones bosom when you speak of being in love with two ladies, when our eyes have not enjoyed the sight of one for two and a half years. Notwithstanding the disadvantages of California life, it would be preferred by persons fond of adventure to any other. From the best information, Southern California is far superior to this portion, resembling in a manner the Western States with a greater consolidation of money. To write a minute description would be repeating what we have written often, so by conversing with my brother he will give you all information.

As regards a man's chances here for advancement I have not one word to say, we cannot see one moment in advance. The brightest prospects are blighted, and day dawns on the darkest instantaneously, as far as future prospects go, "Truly this is a land of darkness". In some portions of this State the business of law is called good. I am much pleased to hear of your elevation to the bar particularly with the "honest", which I believe very few have ever accomplished. I must now conclude by assuring you that it would give me the greatest pleasure to meet and render you any service in my power, but the miners here are in no fixed place. I intend leaving as soon as possible.
With kind regards to all,
I remain your affectionate friend,
F. W. Miner, Atty at Law, Hiel Camp
Alexandria
Va.
6th May 1858



Western Expresses Davis & Bros. Express - 1851 to 1852
New Garden, Ia Aug 26 - Forwarded By Davis & Brothers Express

New Garden, Ia Aug 26 (ca 1852) with 10 (due) to Marysville; Forwarded By Davis & Brothers Express to Mr. Osborn at Rich's Bar, with light pencil express notations by Davis & Brothers of R.B. and 1.50 (express rate). One of only three known examples from this express.


Rich Bar on the Feather River

Rich Bar on the Feather River



Western Expresses Deming & Walls Express - ca 1856 to 1857
Deming & Wall's Union and Eureka Express was founded by Byron Deming and William H. Wall and operated in Humboldt County, California between Union (Uniontown, now Arcata) and Eureka by ship. In 1860 Byron Deming was listed in "Stimson's Express Directory" as an agent for Wells, Fargo in Uniontown.
Union and Eureka Express. Deming & Wall, Paid

By Union and Eureka Express. Deming & Wall, Paid in their printed frank envelope from Union to Bucksport (from ca1856). The only reported use from this company.


Map of towns served by Deming and Wall on Humboldt Bay

Map of towns served by Deming and Wall on Humboldt Bay



Western Expresses Denver & Rio Grande Express - Jun, 1880 to 1903
The Denver & Rio Grande Railroad ran this express service as part of their rail service over the lines throughout Colorado, New Mexico, Utah and Wyoming. Globe Express Company took over this operation on Sep 30, 1903.
Denver and Rio Grande Express Franked Letter

Denver and Rio Grande Express Franked Letter to Kansas City, by post office Kansas City, Mo. May 18 7 PM 96 (1896) to St. Louis.


From the Express Gazette, Volume 28 (1903)

From the Express Gazette, Volume 28 (1903)



Western Expresses Devils Gate Express - 1861 to (1865)
This express operated in and around Carson City, Gold Hill, and Virginia City, Nevada. Devils Gate is a natural rock pass on the road between Virginia City and Gold Hill. This restriction was the only quick way between the two points and formed a natural place for highwaymen to prey on travelers. By 1862, a toll road was established through this section of the mountains.
Devils Gate Express

By Devils Gate Express with 25 rate notation in pencil to Carson City; by post office from Carson City Nev. Aug 4 to San Francisco. One of only about six known Devils Gate Express usages, this being the only one in red ink.


Devils Gate

Devils Gate photograph from 1866, published by Lawrence and Houseworth.


Western Expresses Dodge & Co.'s Express - Oct, 1850 to Aug, 1851
Dodge & Co's Express first advertised their express service on the ocean to ocean route on October 14, 1850 and their last advertisement appeared on August 4, 1851. They served as agents for Mumby & Co's Express in San Francisco and arranged shipments of gold and letters, via Panama, to the East. Thomas notes that from surviving marks they had offices in Boston, New Orleans, New York, Panama and San Francisco.
Forwarded by Dodge & Co's Express

Forwarded by Dodge & Co's Express from San Francisco to Panama (caMay, 1851) with FREE handstamp, addressed to the editor of the Panama Echo. Express companies often carried letters and newspapers free to editors of newspapers who in return were expected to thank the express company in print for supplying the current news.


View of Panama City

View of Panama City



Western Expresses Doherty's Half Moon Bay Express - 1864 to (1865)
Richard Doherty ran a stage line between Half Moon Bay and San Mateo, also carrying express material over the route. Doherty owned the Pescadero House in San Mateo County. He was an omnibus driver for the Bowman & Gardner stage line in San Francisco during most of the 1850's.
Doherty's [Half Moon] Bay Express

By Doherty's [Half Moon] Bay Express to San Francisco. The US government required equivalent US postage on privately carried mails beginning Aug 31, 1852. The 3¢ rate became effective Mar 3, 1863.


Doherty's Hotel

Doherty's hotel, which likely served as the stage and express station during its operation, is shown in this 1878 lithograph with a stage in front.



Western Expresses Drake's Express - 1859 to 1860
Very little is known about this express, except that it is thought to have operated from Volcanoville to the Middle Fork of the American River. The only known example of any Drake's Express marking is this handstamp on newspaper piece.
Drake's Express

Drake's Express marking in red on piece of front page of Hutching's California Magazine, with notation on piece to the same effect, with the date 1859 added. Likely carried from Volcanoville to the diggings nearby.


Volcanoville



Western Expresses Dugan and Wall Express - Apr, 1858 to (1863)
Richard Dugan and Joe Wall operated this express out of Crescent City, connecting inland with Johnson's Express, and with both Nichols and Freemans Expresses to San Francisco. Wells Fargo was added as a connecting partner in Dec, 1859. They concentrated on serving Northern California and Southern Oregon as a package and parcel carrier.
Dugan & Wall Express & G. P. Johnson's Inland Express

By Dugan & Wall Express Forwarders & Commission Merchants Crescent City, Cal to Crescent City; then by G. P. Johnson's Inland Express to Yreka. Johnson's express only operated from 1858-1859, running from Crescent City to Sailor's Diggins, Oregon (and apparently on to Yreka) One of three examples of the Dugan & Wall's franks: two handstamps and one printed; and one of only two examples of any kind of usage from G. P. Johnson's Express.


Crescent City



Western Expresses Edgar & Burke's Canyon City Express - Fall 1864
Addison (Ad) Edgar took in A.J. Burke as a partner after Horatio Jones left Jones & Edgar's Express, changing the name to Edgar & Burke's Canyon City Express. In late 1864, this express operated from Dalles, Oregon to Canyon City and points in Idaho.
Edgar & Burke's Canyon City Express PAID

By Edgar & Burke's Canyon City Express PAID in their franked envelope from one of the outlying mining areas to Canyon City; by post office with Canyon City Ogn Sept 9 [1864] manuscript postmark to Eureka, California. One of only three known Edgar & Burke's covers.


Lineage of The Dalles, OR to Canyon City Expresses
Lineage of The Dalles, OR to Canyon City Expresses (from Oregon Express Companies by Dale Forster)



Western Expresses English's Express - early 1864
Joseph R. English is thought to have operated English's Express out of Nevada City between Moore's Flat, Eureka South, and Emigrant Gap, connecting with Wells Fargo at Nevada City. Around 1864, English combined his express with that of L. H. Wells to form English and Wells Express.
English's Express PAID

By English's Express PAID in their franked envelope to Nevada; by Wells Fargo & Co. Nevada Apr 19 [1864] to Folsom. The notation at lower left states "Ling Lee is a China man." This rebacked front is the only known example of any usage from English's Express.


Sep 15, 1863 article in the Sacramento Daily Union
This Sep 15, 1863 article in the Sacramento Daily Union lists J. R. English as a passenger en route to California



Western Expresses Estill & Co - June, 1850 to August, 1850
Colonel James M. Estill made a single round-trip on the Oregon-to-California Trail between Weston, Missouri and Pacific Spring, in the Sweetwater River Valley of present day Wyoming. His idea was to promote a transcontinental express service in lieu of the US mail by collecting the mail along the emigrant trail for a fee of 50¢ per letter. Estill reportedly deposited 4000 letters into the US mail system at Weston, Missouri on Aug 16, 1850. Only a handful of Estill Express covers are known to survive, all sent collect 10¢.
Estills & Co Express

By Estills & Co Express from along the overland trail to Weston, Mo. Aug 16 (1850) with their red postmark and red 10 (due) for delivery to Iowa. June 19 - 50 pencil docket on verso probably indicates the dateline of the letter that was once enclosed; Received August 26th 1850 in manuscript on verso reveals rather lengthy ten day delivery from Weston, Missouri to Oskaloosa, Iowa.


Weston, Missouri to Oskaloosa, Iowa



Western Expresses Estill & Co - June, 1850 to August, 1850
St. Louis Daily Missouri Republican

St. Louis Daily Missouri Republican
May 7, 1850
Salt Lake City Deseret News Jul 15, 1850
Salt Lake City Deseret News Jul 15, 1850
Salt Lake City Deseret News Jul 20, 1850

Salt Lake City Deseret News Jul 20, 1850
Salt Lake City Deseret News Jul 24, 1850
Salt Lake City Deseret News Jul 24, 1850
Salt Lake City Deseret News Jul 27, 1850
Salt Lake City Deseret News Jul 27, 1850
St. Louis Daily Missouri Republican
St. Louis Daily Missouri Republican
Aug 9, 1850



Western Expresses Eureka Express - 1870 to 1893
Eureka Express operated between the north and south forks of the Yuba River from a base at North Bloomfield, serving the Eureka Mining area. They connected with Wells Fargo at Nevada City and North San Juan.
Eureka Express Co.

  • By Eureka Express Co. PAID in their franked envelope which notes Connecting With Wells, Fargo & Co. Nevada Cal.; exchanged with Wells Fargo Nevada Mar [x] for delivery to San Francisco.
  • PAID Eureka Express Co. in their Type 2 franked envelope; exchanged with Wells Fargo Nevada Nov xx for delivery to San Francisco.
  • PAID Eureka Express Co. in their Type 3 franked envelope; by post office Nevada City, Cal Oct 2, 1894 to North Bloomfield, Cal.



Western Expresses Eureka Express - 1870 to 1893
Eureka Express Co. No. Bloomfield

By Eureka Express Co. No. Bloomfield to Mohawk Valley, Cal. Carried entirely outside the mails by Eureka Express Company.


Bloomfield to Mohawk Valley, Cal. Map



Western Expresses Eureka, Rohnerville & Hydesville Express - 1870
The "Business Directory for the Pacific States and Territories for 1878" jointly lists for Hydesville "Bullard & Sweasey" as blacksmiths, and "T. W. Sweasy" (mispelled?) as running a livery stable. These occupations would be consistent with someone who had previously run an express service. No other information has been located on this apparently short-lived express.

Eureka, Rohnerville & Hydesville Express Bullard & Sweasey Proprietors
By Eureka, Rohnerville & Hydesville Express Bullard & Sweasey Proprietors, to Eureka; entered the mails with Eureka, Cal Oct 1 (1870) postmark for delivery to San Francisco. Williams lists this Eureka postmark as having been used from Apr 24, 1869 to Mar 21, 1871. The Scott #U82 envelope was issued in 1870, dating this cover to 1870. William Sammis' article in the June, 2000 issue of Western Express provides additional detail.

Eureka, Rohnerville & Hydesville Express Bullard & Sweasey Proprietors



Western Expresses Evans & Co.'s Express - 1862 to 1863
Evans & Co.'s Jacksonville & Crescent City Express was apparently operated by Henry Evans and operated in 1862 and 1863. The route was between Crescent City, California and Jacksonville, Oregon as the name would imply.
Evans & Co.'s Jacksonville & Crescent City Express

By Evans & Co.'s Jacksonville & Crescent City Express from Crescent City, CA to Jacksonville, OR. Enclosed letter datelined Crescent City Feb 3, 1863 transcribed, in part, below. One of only two known usages from this express.


Dateline Crescent City Feb 3, 1863

Dear Cousin Hannibal,

... The Copper excitement is as great here as ever and since they have so much San Francisco has capital and interests centered here all feel very hopeful. There are some of the Co's that think they have now undoubtedly found the load - The Alta has received some very good offers lately. They received an offer from parties in San Francisco or Sacramento of a hundred thousand dollars for two thirds of the mine the other third to be inaccessible forever but they did not accept...

L. G. Wendell



Western Expresses The Frank D. Everts Expresses - 1850 to 1862
Frank Darwin Everts operated Everts & Company's Express from the Central House Ranch, about 12 miles northeast of Marysville. He served the Gibsonville Ridge region and parts of Sierra County north of the North Fork of the Yuba River and south of the North Fork of the Feather River. In September of 1851, the Central House Ranch building was destroyed by fire and all of Everts' mail listings were lost. The office was moved to the Eli Lester Rabbit Creek House at Rabbit Creek (renamed Rabbit Town and finally La Porte in Oct, 1857). Indications are that he ran a mail listing through the post office at Marysville during this period. In May-June, 1852, he formed a partnership with John Adam Snell and the name of the operation was changed to Everts, Snell & Co. Various other partnerships followed until on Sep 1,1862 the routes and possibly all of the express business were sold to Holland, Morley & Co.

Frank D. Everts

Frank D. Everts had numerous business partners during his time in the express business:
Everts & Co.
Everts, Snell & Co.
F. D. Everts & Co.
Sold to Adams/Reclaimed
Everts (after Adams)
Everts, Davis & Co.
Everts, Hannon, Wilson & Co.
Everts, Wilson & Co.
1850 - Jun, 1852
Jun, 1852 - Jan 25, 1854
Jan 25, 1854 - Feb, 1855
Feb, 1855 - Mar, 1855
Mar, 1855 - May 10, 1855
May 10, 1855 - Aug, 1856
Aug, 1856 - a few weeks
Sep, 1856 - 1862



Western Expresses Everts & Co. Express - 1850 to Jun, 1852
Everts & Co's Express

Forwarded by Everts & Co's Express from Nelson Creek to Marysville; by post office to San Francisco with Marysville Cal Aug 26 (1851) postmark and 5 rate marking. Enclosed letter from semi-literate writer datelined Nelsons Krick the 10th of August, 1851, transcribed below (sic).


Nelsons Krick the 10th of August, 1851

Mr. John Center, San Francisko
Dear Sir,
I got the opportunity to find your direktion of Mr. Turner from his claim and I am now keep the Ameriken Ranch. I cam here bi Land and are in good Helt. I wish you wod send me few word and if you have any thing to imploi at and wath you are doing, you can depende on me now as you have don before. Do not forget to give me your direktion and some interesting news for me and I schall be with you as soon as Posible, Send one letter to Sacramento and one to Nelsons Krick
Better yours
Obedient servent [servant]
M. Rudolph Lundblad [?]



Western Expresses Everts & Co. Express - 1850 to Jun, 1852
Everts & Co. Express

Unclear origin. Very light pencil notation Sept 26, 1851 would indicate that the PAID marking with "6" manuscript prepays the rate in effect Jul 1, 1851 for distances >3000 miles, leading one to believe an east coast origin. Forwarded by Everts & Cos Express from Sacramento to the mines in Brownsville with pencil notation $1.50 express rate and Bl, Everts' directive for Brownsville.
Everts & Cos Express Feather River

Albion, Mich Jul 15 (1852) PAID 6 to Sacramento; by Everts & Cos Express Feather River to Brownsville, per Everts' BrV and 1.25 express directive and rate notations in pencil. Light pencil "1852" below Albion postmark, perhaps dated when contents were still present.



Western Expresses Everts, Snell & Company - Jun, 1852 to Jan 25, 1854
Evert Snell & Cos. Feather River

Dalton O. Aug 6 (1852) with 10 (unpaid) rate marking to Sacramento City; by Evert Snell & Cos. Feather River to Lexington House (near Downieville) with Everts Snell's Lex and 1.25 express directive and rate notations in pencil.
Everts & Cos Express Feather River

Columbus Ohio Oct 14 (1852) with PAID 6 rate marking to Sacramento; by Evert Snell & Cos. Feather River to Spanish Flat with Everts Snell's S.F. and 1.50 express directive and rate notations in pencil. The Evert (error spelling) Snell handstamp was used into March 1853, when it was replaced with the corrected Everts Snell marking.



Western Expresses Everts, Snell & Company - Jun, 1852 to Jan 25, 1854
Evert Snell & Cos. Feather River

Auburn N.Y. Aug 3 (1853) with Paid 6 in circle indicating prepayment of postage to Sacramento City; by Everts Snell & Cos Express Feather River with pencil 6c GD 1.50 indicating $1.50 express fee due by addressee at Gibsonville Diggings. Pencil docketing Rec'd Gibsonville Sept 26th 1853 dates this cover. Gibsonville was on a ridge between the South Fork of the Feather River and the North Fork of the Yuba River.
Everts & Cos Express Feather River

By Everts Snell & Cos. Express Feather River from Marysville to Bidwells Bar with express rate notation of 25 cents. C. B. Macy, sender of this letter, was Adams agent in Marysville. Docketing on verso indicates Apr 1, 1854 receipt, during the F. D. Everts & Co. period of operation.



Western Expresses Everts, Snell & Company - Jun, 1852 to Jan 25, 1854
Everts, Snell & Co Express Gibsonville.

By Everts, Snell & Co Express Gibsonville. to Marysville; entered the mails with red Marysville Cal. Mar 31 (1854) postmark and blue grid cancels tying two 3. 1851 issue adhesives to Terre Haute, Indiana. Gibsonville March 20th, 1854 heading on miner's letter transcribed, in part, below. The unique example of this marking.


Gibsonville Date Line

...Father says that some of my letters are not post paid, I am sure I sent the money for the Postage - when I had no stamps...about a week ago a man got his leg broke by some dirt falling upon him whilst mining and two others (each) got their legs broke today, each one in different drifts, I should think so many accidents would make people more careful...here we cannot take a rocker and go out and make something every day as we could down on Feather River. I think I shall quit mining before long and go to Teaming or something else unless I have better luck than I have had lately...today a man had his leg amputated, he had got it broken about a month ago and the doctor bound it too tight and it mortified...Amory K. Blinn



Western Expresses F. D. Everts & Co. - Jan 25, 1854 to Feb, 1855
Everts & Co's Express St. Louis Connecting with Adams & Co.

By Everts & Co's Express St. Louis Connecting with Adams & Co. from St. Louis to Marysville; by post office Marysville, Cal. Aug 31 (1854) with integral rate 10 to Connecticut. The only known example of this marking.


Everts & Co's Express St. Louis Connecting with Adams & Co.



Western Expresses F. D. Everts & Co. - Jan 25, 1854 to Feb, 1855
Adams & Co's Express Columbia

By Adams & Co's Express Columbia Sept 8 (1854) with their PAID handstamp to Marysville; by Everts & Co's Express Marysville Connecting with Adams & Co. from Marysville to "Junction of Nelson Creek & Feather River". Carried privately by Adams and Everts, showing their relationship.


Adams and Everts Carriage Map
Adams carriage in red from Columbia to Marysville; Everts in blue from Marysville to Nelson Creek.



Western Expresses F. D. Everts & Co. - Jan 25, 1854 to Feb, 1855
Adams & Co. San Francisco Nov 9

By Adams & Co. San Francisco Nov 9 (1854) to Marysville; exchanged with Everts & Co. for delivery to Bidwell's Bar with their Everts & Cos. Express Marysville Connecting with Adams & Co. handstamp known used in 1854-1855 (with "Connecting with Adams & Co." removed after Adams & Co.'s failure on Feb 23, 1855). Express rate collect 25 (¢) at upper right.


Adams route to Marysville in blue and Everts & Co's route to Bidwell's Bar in red

Adams route to Marysville in blue and Everts & Co's route to Bidwell's Bar in red



Western Expresses Everts/Adams - Feb, 1855 to Mar, 1855
Everts & Cos Express Marysville Connecting with Adams & Co

Georgetown/Ky (early 1855) with two 3¢ 1851 adhesives prepaying 6¢ postage to Marysville; by Everts & Cos Express Marysville Connecting with Adams & Co with initial express fee of Coll 25¢ changed to Coll 100¢ upon redirection to "Opposite Mouth Nelson Creek, Plumas Co". Nelson Creek flows into the Middle Fork of the Feather River, near Quincy. Prepaid rate of 6¢ in effect Jul 1, 1851 to Apr 1, 1855 when it was increased to 10¢.
Everts & Cos Express Marysville Connecting with

Georgetown/Ky Apr 12 (1855) with pair of 3¢ 1851 adhesives pen cancelled; however, the prepaid rate for distances >3000 miles changed from 6¢ to 10¢ on Apr 1, 1855. Apparently, the postmaster at Georgetown realized this after Apr 12, held the letter in his office until the sender returned on Apr 14, collected an additional 4¢, marked it PAID 4, and sent it on to Marysville. From Marysville by Everts & Cos Express Marysville Connecting with ("Adams & Co" removed) for delivery "opposite mouth of Nelson Creek".



Western Expresses Everts/Adams - Feb, 1855 to Mar, 1855
Everts & Co.'s Express Gibsonville

By Everts & Co.'s Express Gibsonville ("Connecting with Adams & Co." removed) to Marysville; by post office with Marysville, Cal. Apr 14 PAID by Stamps to New York. Underpaid use of 6¢ rate, as the >3000 mile rate had increased to 10¢ effective Apr 1, 1855. Enclosed letter datelined Gibsonville, March the 27th, 1855 transcribed, in part, below.

Everts & Co.'s Express Gibsonville

Gibsonville Date Line

...I sent Cyrus a draft on Adams & Co. New York for fifty dollars and about one week after they failed in this state, but I don't see any account of their failing in the Atlantic States so I shall live in hopes that he will get that till I hear to the contrary...Horatio T. C. Waters



Western Expresses Everts/Adams - Feb, 1855 to Mar, 1855
Everts & Cos. Express Forbestown

By Everts & Cos. Express Forbestown Connecting with ("Adams" removed) & Co. to Marysville; exchanged with Pacific Express Co, Marysville Jan 29 (1856) to Sacramento. Docket at left Rec'd Sacramento Jan 30, 1856, well after Everts/Adams, and Everts return to sole operation, and into the Everts, Davis, & Co. period which began May 10, 1855. Letter datelined New York Flat transcribed, in part, below.


New York Date Line

I as clerk of an Independent Rifle Company at this place take the privilege of requesting you to...go to the Quarter Master Generals Office and inquire of General Kibbe if the requisition that we made for arms has been attended to... we are bound to have some arms from the state. Our company was regularly organized and our officers have received their commissions. Our captain is our old friend Calloway...I remain with much respect your Obt Servt
Guy F. Seely



Western Expresses Everts, Davis & Cos. Express - May 10, 1855 to Aug, 1856
F. D. Everts & Co. changed to Everts, Davis & Co. in May, 1855 and used Rabbit Creek or Rabbit Town (name changed to LaPorte in Oct, 1857) as their center of operations. The partners in this business were Frank D. Everts, Henry C. Everts, G. O. Davis, James St. Clair Wilson, and M. W. Hannon. During this period, the express served the Gibsonville Ridge region and the area north of the North Fork of the Yuba River and south of the North Fork of the Feather River. They connected at first with Pacific Express in Marysville and later, it is believed, with Wells Fargo.
Everts, Davis & Co's. Express Marysville

By Everts, Davis & Co's. Express Marysville with PAID in circle to Pine Grove House. Pine Grove was located between St. Louis and Howland Flat at the base of Sugar Loaf Mountain, and existed from 1852 to 1867.


Location of Pine Grove House Map



Western Expresses Everts, Davis & Cos. Express - May 10, 1855 to Aug, 1856
Everts, Davis & Co's. Express Marysville

By Pacific Express Co. Sacramento Oct 31 (ca1855) to Marysville, exchanged with Everts, Davis & Co's. Express Marysville for delivery to Bidwell's Bar.


Lithograph of Marysville in 1856

Lithograph of Marysville in 1856



Western Expresses Everts, Davis & Cos. Express - May 10, 1855 to Aug, 1856
Everts, Davis & Cos. Express Nelson Creek

By Everts, Davis & Cos. Express Nelson Creek to Marysville; by post office from Marysville, Cal. Paid by Stamps Sep 5 (1855) to Montrose, Pa. (missing 10¢ 1851 issue adhesive). Enclosed letter datelined Mountain House No.2 Aug 1st, 1855 transcribed below:


Mountain House Date Line


Dear Brother & Sister,

You may be surprised to hear that we are in California, but such is the case. We are keeping the mountain house No.2 90 miles from Marysville. We have been here 5 weeks came down on horseback (eight hundred miles). Marcus rode by himself on a little Indian pony, the trip just suited him. We were 5 weeks coming down had no sickness. I have not time to tell you much about our journey nor anything else. McCoy's folks are well they had sold out before we got here and will start back for Iowa in a few weeks. They sold for seven thousand dollars. I do not know how much they made while on the ranch. You must excuse this short letter for I really have not time. Do not forget your mountaineer friends. Write quick. Our love to all. Yours in great haste.
Mary, Philander and Marcus
Horace, Augusta, Children, & friends in general
PS direct your letters to Marysville, California
McCoy's folks will come and see you if they can



Western Expresses Everts, Davis & Cos. Express - May 10, 1855 to Aug, 1856
Everts, Davis & Co's Express Saint Louis

By Everts, Davis & Co's Express Saint Louis with their PAID handstamp to Rabbit Creek (later Rabbit Town, then LaPorte).
Everts, Davis & Co. PAID Daily Express

By Everts, Davis & Co. PAID Daily Express franked envelope to Marysville, with manuscript notation "to M.V." (to Marysville) after the PAID designation, and "to collect in S. F. 25 cts"; by either Pacific Express or Wells Fargo from Marysville to San Francisco.



Western Expresses Everts, Hannon & Wilson & Co. - Aug, 1856 to Sep, 1856
Everts, Davis & Cos. Express St. Louis

By Everts, Hannon, Wilson & Co. Daily Express franked envelope with Everts, Davis & Cos. Express St. Louis Aug 11 (1856) to Yuba City. One of the few Everts, Hannon, Wilson & Co. franks that can be proven used during the period of that partnership's existence.


Everts, Wilson & Co's Express office in St. Louis, California (ca1857)

Everts, Wilson & Co's Express office in St. Louis, California (ca1857)



Western Expresses Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express - Sep, 1856 to 1862
Frank Darwin Everts, James St. Clair Wilson and most likely Frank's brother, Henry, formed Everts, Wilson & Co. They operated daily from Rabbit Town (which became La Porte in Oct, 1857) and served the Gibsonville Ridge region and parts of Sierra County north of the North Fork of the Yuba River and south of the North Fork of the Feather River. Indications are that they ran to Marysville and connecting with Pacific Express until 1857 and with Wells Fargo thereafter. There are also indications that Everts, Wilson & Co. connected with Whiting & Company at Quincy. Its principal offices were at Marysville, Rabbit Town or La Porte, Gibsonville, Saint Louis and Nelson Creek. On Sep 1,1862 the routes and possibly all of the express business were sold to Holland, Morley & Company.
Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express Pine Grove

By Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express Pine Grove with their Paid handstamp to San Francisco. Although not marked as such, this cover was in all probability exchanged with Wells Fargo at Marysville for delivery to San Francisco, as Everts, Wilson & Co. did not have a route into that city.


Pine Grove House (1867)
Pine Grove House (1867) - by this time, virtually all the pine trees had been cut for mining use.



Western Expresses Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express - Sep, 1856 to 1862
Everts, Davis & Co's. Express Forbestown Nov 2

By Everts, Wilson & Co's Express. PAID. frank with defunct Everts, Davis & Co's. Express Forbestown Nov 2 handstamp to Oroville. The Evert-Davis partnership ended in Aug, 1856 with Everts-Wilson partnering beginning in Sep, 1856 making this express usage, in all likelihood, from 1856.
Everts, Wilson & Co's Express.

By Everts, Wilson & Co's Express. PAID. frank to Oroville. Same type printed frank as other cover on this page, except on white government stamped envelope.



Western Expresses Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express - Sep, 1856 to 1862
Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express

PAID Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express. in their franked envelope to Forest City. This is the rare variety with comma after "Everts" in the printed frank.
Everts Wilson & Co. Daily Express.

PAID Everts Wilson & Co. Daily Express. in their franked envelope to Marysville; exchanged with Wells Fargo & Co May 24 Marysville to Nevada, California. Manuscript notation Received Nevada May 24 from Langtons Express properly sealed Rufus Shoemerke Clk. No indication of carriage by Langtons. Double 3¢ rate as the enclosure was a deposition. Likely 1858 or 1859 usage.



Western Expresses Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express - Sep, 1856 to 1862
Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express

PAID Everts Wilson & Co. Daily Express. to Gibsonville; by post office from Gibsonville, Cal Feb 28 (ca 1858) to Mobile, Alabama where it was Advertised.
Everts Wilson & Co. Daily Express.

PAID Everts Wilson & Co. Daily Express. to Strawberry Valley; by post office from Strawberry Valley Cala. May 18 (ca 1858) to Meadville, Pennsylvania.



Western Expresses Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express - Sep, 1856 to 1862
Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express

PAID. Everts, Wilson & Co.'s Daily Express. to LaPorte; by post office from La Porte, Cal Nov 10, 1859 to Meadville, Pennsylvania. One of four known examples of this type printed frank.
La Porte, Sierra County




Western Expresses Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express - Sep, 1856 to 1862
Everts Wilson & Co. Daily Express.

PAID. Everts, Wilson & Co.'s Daily Express. to Strawberry Valley; by post office from Strawberry Valley Cal. Mar 23 (ca 1859) to Mobile, Alabama. Unlisted variety of the Strawberry Valley postmark; Thomas Type 6 frank.
PAID. Everts, Wilson & Co.'s Daily Express.

PAID. Everts, Wilson & Co.'s Daily Express. Overland Via Los Angeles to Marysville; by post office from Marysville Cal. PAID By Stamps Nov 4 (ca 1859) to Newport, Kentucky. Thomas Type 6a printed frank.



Western Expresses Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express - Sep, 1856 to 1862
PAID Everts, Wilson & Co.'s Daily Express

PAID Everts, Wilson & Co.'s Daily Express. to Marysville; by Wells, Fargo & Co. Marysville Feb 11 (1860) to San Francisco. Docketed at left February 9/60. One of ~5 known examples of this type printed frank.
PAID. Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express. with Everts, Wilson & Co.'s Express La Porte

PAID. Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express. with Everts, Wilson & Co.'s Express La Porte handstamp from La Porte to Quincy.. The unique example of this type printed frank.



Western Expresses Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express - Sep, 1856 to 1862
Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express

By Everts, Wilson & Co.'s Daily Express. PAID. to Quincy (ca 1860). One of four known examples of this type printed frank.
Everts Wilson & Co. Daily Express.

PAID Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express. to Marysville; by Wells, Fargo & Co. Maryville Jan 18 (ca 1860) to San Francisco. Although in poor condition, the unique example of this type printed frank.



Western Expresses Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express - Sep, 1856 to 1862
Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express

By Everts, Wilson & Co.'s Express. PAID. to Oroville (ca 1860). One of four known examples of this type printed frank, one of which is in Wiltsee.
Everts Wilson & Co. Daily Express.

By Everts, Wilson & Co.'s Express La Porte to Quincy. Answd March 8, 1862 docketing at left. Very late Everts, Wilson usage, within months of being sold to Holland, Morley & Co.



Western Expresses Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express - Sep, 1856 to 1862
Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express

By Everts, Wilson & Co.'s Express PAID to Gibsonville; by post office Gibsonville Cal Apr 30 to Quincy. The only recorded example of this Everts, Wilson & Co.'s printed frank.
Everts, Wilson & Co. Daily Express

PAID. Everts, Wilson & Co.'s Daily Express. to LaPorte; by Holland, Morley & Co's Express La Porte, Cal. to Marysville; by Wells Fargo & Co.'s Express from Marysville to San Francisco. A rare type of Everts, Wilson printed frank, used very late in the Everts Wilson period, or after the sale to Holland, Morley & Co. as a leftover printed frank. Likely late 1862 usage.


 Back To Top

Site Page